More and more people, thinking of what to build their house from, prefer to choose modern materials so that their construction is reliable, beautiful, meets today's standards and has stood for many years. As a building material, cellular concrete is gaining popularity at unprecedented speed. It can be divided into aerated concrete and foam concrete. Despite the fact that they have the same density, heat treatment, which passes aerated concrete, makes it much stronger. He is able to withstand heavy loads. The representative of aerated concrete is Cibit - a material that is made in an autoclave by curing. Since it is porous, the weight of the blocks from Cibit is small. This is how it differs from traditional brick and concrete. Moreover, Cibit can accumulate heat and "breathe" due to its porous structure. It is these and other characteristics, which we describe later, helped to gain great popularity to the new material. But how to build a house of Cibit with their own hands? Let's find out next.
Features of the Cbit
Why Cibit is Gaining Everything more popularity? The answer is quite simple: because of its positive properties, which make it ideal for building houses. Let's take a look at the main ones:
The minuses of Sibit: its fragility and strong moisture-absorbing properties. But this is not a big problem, as during laying the reinforcement of the walls is performed, which will further strengthen them. And the moisture-absorbing unit itself, in turn, will be sheathed with finishing material so that moisture does not get into it.
So, with the positive and negative sides figured out. If you nevertheless decided to use Cibit as a building material, let's take a detailed look at how construction begins and how to build a Cibit house.
It is recommended to build a house from Cibit in spring or summer, at a temperature of 5 to 25ºC. If the temperature is above this limit, it will be necessary to moisten the blocks when laying walls.
House drawing from gas blocks
As always It’s necessary to start building your own house with paperwork. You must make a project of the future building, decide on the size, height, shape, etc. At the same time, you need to take into account many additional factors: the type of soil at the construction site, the climate and the depth at which the groundwater is located. If you do not take all this into account, do not expect that your house will last a long time.
Not everyone can professionally make plans for the future home, so you can ask for help from a special office where you can order a house project by paying money for the service.
Based on your desires, experts quickly and efficiently design your future home. Moreover, they can calculate how much materials are needed for construction and approximate prices.
In addition, at the preparatory stage it is necessary to purchase building material: Cbit, cement, sand , gravel, etc. To accurately calculate how many blocks are required for construction, first find out the area of the walls. To do this, based on the size, multiply the total length of the walls by their height. Then multiply the resulting area by the thickness of the block. In this way you can determine how many block cubes are needed. You can buy material in specialized stores. It is important that during transportation the material is covered with polyethylene and well fixed, in order to avoid moisture penetration and damage to the blocks. It is necessary to store Cibit in a dry place under a canopy, so that precipitation does not spoil it even before construction.
The important point is the preparation of the construction site. After all, you need to provide electricity, start all the materials and store them, as well as prepare a tool for work. Some sites are overwhelmed with various junk, trees, etc. All this needs to be removed.And only after all the preparatory work is done, you can proceed to the main task - to build a house from scratch.
The foundation is a supporting structure, taking over the entire load of the building, distributing it on the ground. It depends on the foundation how long your house will stand, therefore its construction is one of the important stages of construction. Since the Cbit material is not heavy, you can use a strip foundation for building a house. What depth and width to do depends on the number of floors, the density of the soil and the level of groundwater. All of these figures are different, so the depth can vary from 0.7 m to 2 m. The width of the tape is on average 0.4 m.
To make a strip foundation, you need:
It remains only to wait for it to dry. It usually takes 30 days. At 10-15 days you can remove the formwork. The foundation must be covered with something so that the sediments do not wash it. If the air temperature is high, then from time to time the concrete must be moistened so that no cracks form on it.
The laying of walls from Cibit is much easier than brickwork, since there are more blocks and, accordingly, their number will be less. The only difference is that the Cibit clutch must be reinforced with reinforcement. So, in order to build walls, you will need:
Before you start laying the first row, it is important to take care of waterproofing. Therefore, the base can be covered with bitumen or lay several layers of roofing material.
The first row must be laid using a cement-sand mortar. To make it, stick to a 1: 3 ratio - cement and sand. Add water until the solution has the desired consistency. A layer of mortar on the base can reach 1 cm, which will hide all the irregularities.
The main task in laying the first row is to make it perfectly smooth. To cope with the task you will help the rope, building level and a mallet. So, you need to start laying walls from the corners. Install the corner blocks and align them strictly to the level. To customize the blocks, use a rubber mallet. Then, between the blocks, you should tighten the fishing line or string, which will serve as a guide for the laying of the other blocks.Its horizontalness also needs to be checked by level. Make sure that there is no sagging. If the wall is more than 10 m in length, install an additional block in the middle. The lace should be stretched over the top of the block. Now proceed to the installation of other blocks. Not always the length of the walls will be equal to the number of whole blocks, so some of them will have to be customized for the size. You can cut them with a saw, controlling the correctness of the cutting angle. In this way you need to lay the first row around the perimeter. After you have done this, you need to wait several hours for the solution to set.
Masonry the walls of Cibit along the fishing line
The rest of the rows are done exactly the same way: angles are set, the cord is stretched and the process is repeated. Only here there are some differences. Cibit surface can be treated with a special plane, giving it a roughness. Then the bonding material will go much more evenly. Also do not forget about the bundle, the blocks of the second row should be stacked with an offset of 8 cm. One more thing - now you can use special glue to connect the blocks. It is applied evenly with a trowel or a notched trowel. Then the gap between the blocks will be the same, which will simplify the process of laying. Another advantage of glue is that it dries much faster, so you won't have to wait long.
Please note that every 3 or 4 rows of blocks must be reinforced. To do this, parallel grooves for reinforcement will be made in the perimeter blocks. The grooves are cleaned with a brush, and the fittings Ø10 mm are laid in them.
The connection of two pieces of reinforcement should not be at the corners and joints of the blocks.
Armature in strobing
It remains to apply the solution or glue. Such an event should be carried out not only for the walls, but also for the zones above and below the windows, as well as under the floors for the floors.
Installation of the floor plate
The laying continues until until you reach the desired level before the overlap. Please note that slabs for overlapping should be supported on armored belt. To make it, you need to cut the blocks so that they are 10 cm thick, and put them around the perimeter parallel to each other, making a kind of formwork. Inside you need to put the valve and pour all the concrete.
Plates are installed on such a reinforced belt. They can be concrete, gas-concrete or from similar analogues. The formed joints between the plates need to be filled with mortar. And the ends are closed outside with clumsy blocks.
If you decide to block the house with gas concrete slabs, then it is acceptable to do it when the distance from one load-bearing wall to another does not exceed 6 meters. The overlap of aerated concrete has a high bearing capacity, low thermal conductivity and high refractoriness. In order to install such heavy slabs, you have to hire a crane, which will raise them to the desired height.
The installation of the ceiling beams
has been completed wooden beams, concrete or metal beams.
When your house has several floors, after blocking you need to continue laying, erecting the second floor. If the house is single-storey, the final stage is the roofing.
Before you start building a roof, you need to choose which one it will be:
The order of work is as follows:
Now the house is built from Cibit. You have already completed the main task, but you need to do a lot more It is necessary to warm the house, fill the floors, make partitions, complete the finishing, carry out communications, insert doors and windows, plaster and so on. But these are already separate topics, since you cannot write everything at once. You can find them all on our website and continue to build your dream home.
This video shows the process of building a house from Cibit blocks:
Building design from Cibit
Building a house from Cibit
The box is covered with a roof
The house is built
Exterior decoration of the building
Drawing of a gas concrete house 1178 * 1478
Project of a single-story house 1294 * 1224
House project 10330 * 10450
Project 1292 * 1222
Project 1194 * 1734
Plan one-story house and from aerated concrete
Planning of the premises of a single-story aerated house