Baths in Russia were built from time immemorial. It is known that when the chronicler Nestor began his work, these structures were already very popular. Many Europeans tried to adopt the tradition of the Russians, however those bath analogs that were built in Europe had significant differences from the original structures. First of all, this is due to the fact that not a single Western person could endure such heat, which was so loved by Russians.
The Russians began to use the baths even before the adoption of Christianity. However, the history of the appearance of these structures is unknown. Some researchers believe that the baths came from Sparta, others attribute their creation to the Arabs. However, both versions are implausible. The history of the Russian bath is completely independent. After all, in Russia there is even a special way of washing. Many traditions, beliefs and myths are also associated with the bath.
Until the 18th century
Until the 18th century bath was associated several customs.
During this period, the strong steam lovers had a habit of steaming in the stove. Today, few people practice this method.
After the 18th century
Until the 18th century, baths existed in every person. Only the poorest could not afford to build a bath. After the 18th century, public swimming pools became widespread. In particular, the most popular and large baths were in the capital.
Baths were once an integral part of the lifestyle of a Russian person. However, with the growth of cities, they began to be gradually replaced by more comfortable baths and showers in such conditions. True, lovers of steam and today have the opportunity to visit one of the city baths. At the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century, saunas became fashionable.
Features of the sauna
Not everyone knows the difference bath from the sauna. In fact, there are differences, and quite significant.
If, ideally, the humidity in the room where people live should be about 60%, then in the sauna it does not exceed 20%.
After steaming red in a bath, a Russian man often ran outside. Nearby there was a river or a lake where a person could dive and rinse. Often after this, he again went to the bath and continued to steam. In the cold season it was even possible to rub with snow.
The sauna already includes a pool. In addition, the stones in the sauna are open. This allows you to create elevated temperatures due to steam.
Despite the differences, the bath and sauna have something in common. Both designs can be fueled "in the black" or "in the white".
The general concept of the bath is available in the following video: