The frame house is light and very simple, it can be built in a short time. Such facilities are becoming increasingly popular. The buildings are erected in the suburban areas for both seasonal and permanent residence. When building buildings using this technology, it is necessary to take into account only one detail - the period of residence. In the article we will give a step-by-step instruction for the construction of a frame house with your own hands.
The bar foundation in the section
Since the frame houses are very light, there is no need for a particularly powerful foundation, you can install the following types:
Much when laying the foundation depends on the type of soil and the height of the structure. So, in the construction of a simple one-story house you can completely do columnar, even on moody soil.
Having established such a foundation, one should not even wait until the solution hardens to continue work.
On screw piles, you can build a house without involving a team of workers. To install the piles, on the contrary, it is desirable to use precisely manual labor. This is due to the fact that this work allows you to screw the pile strictly on the level without deviations.
While screwing in the piles, one basic rule must be remembered: unscrewing the piles again is strictly prohibited. Even if one of them was installed incorrectly, it is better to just leave it in the same position than to break the packed ground.
Loosening piles is the main mistake of all newbies.
There are two technologies for the construction of frame houses: Finnish and Canadian. However, the very principles of the construction of such structures are the same.
Stages of construction:
After the frame has been assembled and sheathed and the roof is ready, it is necessary to proceed to the decoration of the decorative structure. The house can be finished with clapboard, siding or sandwich panels. When finishing the roof should be careful that it does not leak. Between the lags is better to lay a layer of insulator and waterproofing material. Such a modern material as metal tile is well suited for exterior coating.
Before weatherize the house, select materials.Warming is carried out from within and outside. It is better to make the interior trim using mineral wool and drywall. If desired, you can use inside the drywall vinyl, which not only retains all the insulating properties of this material, but also has excellent aesthetic characteristics. Thus, the master at the same time solves the problem with insulation and will make a decorative decoration of the room.
Exterior insulation is carried out before finishing. It is also necessary to conduct thermal insulation.
The interior is insulated in much the same way. It is necessary to lay the material between the racks of the house, and then additionally close the foam.
any room. Especially if it is a residential house in which there are kitchen, bathroom and other places of high humidity. It is noted that in such rooms the moisture level can be even higher than in the open air.
Steam insulation is often installed incorrectly.
The vapor barrier is mounted on a heat insulating layer. The fact is that it is the heat insulator that is most often damaged by condensate. Therefore, it must be protected. If steam penetrates inside, after about a couple of seasons, the owner of the house will find that the insulation has ceased to function. The moisture here is to blame, which caused the appearance of cracks in this layer. If you do not eliminate the defect, then it will only get worse. Soon the steam will reach the boards.
Usually the thickness of the walls of a frame house consists of 70% heat insulation material. If the insulating layer is destroyed, the structure will fall apart very quickly.
When installing a vapor barrier, you must remember that the building must “breathe”. It should contain the natural movement of air masses.
Installing polyethylene instead of special membranes destroys the processes of ventilation. This causes the destruction of the house. In the premises begins to appear dampness, mold and fungus. Forced ventilation is unlikely to save the day.
No material acts as destructively as polyethylene. It completely seals the room. Given that in modern homes there are also sealed windows and double doors, you can imagine what the atmosphere will be in such a room.
Installation of windows