Concrete screed - the most common method of manufacturing floors in construction, whether it is an apartment, a house or a production facility. This traditionally “wet” method has a number of drawbacks, and one of them, perhaps the most significant, is that it will be possible to live in such a room in about a month. If you are not completely satisfied with this, and you have planned to make a thorough repair in your apartment, then you can change the floors in the rooms without resorting to "wet" technologies, so to speak in a dry way - quickly and reliably.
Dry screed pattern
In order to be able to perform the dry method of floor screed with your own hands, we you need:
As a cover, we can use different sheets. It all depends on how much humidity is in the room, as well as how constant the temperature is. Depending on this, you can use gypsum sheets (gypsum plasterboard), gypsum-fiber (GVL), moisture-proof gypsum-fiber sheets (GVLV).
Dry bedding Knauf in bags
As for the dry screed, the most universal In this respect, today Knauf complex system is considered. This company makes whole sets of materials that can be used to assemble a dry floor. Interestingly, such a coupler is carried out by joining between a small moisture-resistant sheets. They are made, according to modern technology and quite reliable.
Preparing the surface
Before you take directly laying the floor, it is important to conduct a thorough preparation of the surface on which we plan to make such a laying. It should be alabaster mixture to cover up all the cracks, cracks, potholes and potholes, and then clean the entire surface as a whole of debris. If the base of the floor has irregularities up to 5 mm, you can use a special corrugated cardboard. As for the more serious "hollows" that do not exceed 20 mm, here we will come to the aid of various repair mixtures.
But what if the very foundation of the future gender has a bias? To level the surface "in the horizon" by using expanded clay sand.
If you plan to warm the floor with foam plastic before the dry screed, in this case, all the errors in the base itself should be eliminated either with a putty or cement mortar.
Waterproofing with plastic wrap
Now the surface itself needs to be covered with a waterproofing layer - plastic wrap. This is necessary in order to protect the clay from moisture. This film must be laid in such a way that its edges go into the next strip by 20 cm, and secured with tape, as well as onto the walls with an overlap, so that later after laying the edges of the film barrier they protrude from under the mounted floor by 2 cm.
If the concrete surface is suitable polyethylene. And if the base of the tree you need to use only cardboard and also overlap. In the event that on the very surface of the base communications are laid in a corrugated sleeve, you should put an insulating film under it to prevent hollow spaces.
Types of fillers
Many use in dry screed varieties of backfill material. They are divided into:
The builders often call the expanded clay backfill called "pine nut". This is an excellent thermal insulation material. Often it is used as a dry filler. If we want our floor to serve us for a long time, then the clay should be of good quality. Here are some tips to help you make the right choice:
This is a filling similar to small worms - sticks of golden or silver shade. By weight, it is very light, even lighter than expanded clay, and it is good as a filling material.However, in order to use it for dry screed, it must be sufficiently expanded. Why is that? Because ordinary "worms" have a bad ability to absorb moisture, but we do not need it.
Perlite is a product of volcanic activity. This material, like vermiculite, is obtained by heat treatment. Sold in puffed form. Also in the technology of the bulk of the floor is often used perlite sand.
Dry backfilling of Compevit Knauf
This filler is from Belarus . It should be said that fake kompavita, such as, for example, expanded clay, are extremely rare. What is he like? This is a kind of small expanded clay (1-4 mm). The mixture is quite dense and it is simply created for bulk floors. This sand is a good heat and sound insulation material. So decide for yourself what kind of backfill to fill your floor.
Fasten around the perimeter of the room a special tape
Having set the appropriate lighthouses, we fix a special tape around the perimeter of the room, which is 10 cm wide and 1 cm thick. It can be made of mineral wool or foam rubber. The tape will play the role of a soft buffer between the wall and the edge of the floor when changing the seasonal temperature conditions in the room, which, in turn, will exclude the so-called sound bridges and the appearance of cracks on the joints themselves between the floor slabs.
We place one profile against the wall and all of the following are installed parallel to the first at a distance equal to the length of the rule (1.5 m). Then we fill the filler in one lane, after which we level it with a rule or a wide spatula. This work is best done using personal protective equipment, because the work is dusty. Such an operation is best performed from the opposite wall. Backfill consumption - one bag (if expanded clay) per one square meter of room area with a layer thickness of 5 cm.
The backfill layer must be from 4 cm to 12 cm. If communications are laid in it, then should be covered with a layer of filler in 2 cm.
After leveling, we begin to tamp down the bulk material. This can be done manually with a rubber hammer.
ГКЛ is a sheet of plasterboard . This material is very convenient for a different type of construction work, including for laying the floor. It can be cut. It is easily bent and at the same time has good strength properties. However, gypsum plasterboard is rarely used in the manufacture of dry screed. As for its analogue - gypsum-fiber sheet - GVL, it is used much more often. Why is that? It is much stronger in structure than the GCR.
For laying the floor at home, you can try and moisture-resistant gypsum-fiber sheets - VGVL. As a rule, they are small. Also made from environmentally friendly material. On thermal insulation, fire safety and moisture resistance - this is the first element for the floor in the apartment, and especially if there is a risk of water ingress. (it is known that in the apartment there is always a risk of being flooded with neighbors above).
Therefore, when choosing certain sheets for your future floor, pay attention to the special marking, which is located on the back side. It contains the following data: type of sheet, edge type, nominal length, width and thickness (mm), standard.
The floor will be even if the sheets are simply left in a dry and warm place for several days.
How to do correctly this final part of the work on installing a bulk floor? Laying sheet material on expanded clay screed is best carried out from the door, so that once again during the work does not walk on the backfill. Especially you need to try when assembling the first row, since it depends on how well the whole course of work goes on.
Laying GVL on expanded clay
It will be good to install such bulk floors together. The sheet weighs at least 17 kg, so working alone is quite difficult. On the first row of the laid sheets should be provided folds. These technological ledges are designed to fix the sheet to the sheet, as well as to prevent it from being pushed into the bulk material under load, for example, if it occurs.
The sheets themselves are stacked in the same way as with masonry walls, when the joints between the slabs are displaced. This is not some design decision. Such a technology of laying caused by technical necessity: it is possible to secure the adjacent sheets. Special screws are screwed around the perimeter through the folds, fastening between the sheet floor elements. However, in order to make the seams more durable, the fold should be glued with white glue.
For GVL self-tapping screws are provided, other than fasteners for gypsum boards.Their peculiarity is that they have a two-way thread and a countersink head, which, in turn, will not allow it to wring back for some reason.
Here, in essence, is all wisdom. Having put the first row of sheets, you, undoubtedly, will lay a floor as it is necessary for you.
As you noticed in this article, you can make a dry screed on your own - this is quite realistic and, if done correctly, such a hard floor in your house or apartment will be strong and durable, and also warm and safe also having good sound insulation. The main thing to know and understand the technology itself laying such bulk floors. Try it and you will succeed.
This video shows the installation of a dry tie from the floorboard elements: