A democratic and spiritual country style in the interior is used by many designers. They create projects according to the principles of American and French country music. About how many varieties of style exist, what are their features and how to create an interior in this style in more detail in this article.
The concept of country style in the interior began to be used in 1920-1930, when they wanted to designate a home The setting has village roots. At this time, interior decoration in the tradition of the grandmother’s house in the village was considered a special chic. It was childhood memories filled with the smell of fresh milk and bread, the crunch of starched curtains with ruffles, the convenience of a large bed in a spacious bright room, which formed the basis of country-style design. Buying real estate in the country, the owners made out its interior as close as possible to the village traditions.
Such a ritual quickly gained widespread popularity in many countries. Since 1950-1960, country has won the hearts of Europeans, Englishmen, Americans and other peoples with its frank naturalness, comfort and functionality. Around the world it has become fashionable to create a country-style interior not only in cottages, country houses, but also in city apartments.
It is noteworthy that the French youth designed their houses, embodying all the features of the rural style of France. Accordingly, the British furnished the rooms, guided by the originally English interior principles. Thus, the country got a lot of directions, which absorbed the national rural flavor of different countries.
Today there are such areas:
Modern designers make repairs not only in the historically close rural style. They adopt the characteristics of other countries. Therefore, it is quite natural to design an ordinary Russian apartment in the style of English or French country music. This direction has a name - ethnocountry.
The design in country style was finally formed by the beginning of the XXI century. Today, despite the abundance of national trends, it is characterized by common features:
1. Characteristic color range. A natural palette is peculiar to country music, so when working on interior decoration and furniture selection, they choose olive, sand, brown, lavender and other low-key colors. Avoid too bright and contrasting patterns.
2. Modest decoration of rooms. To emphasize rustic style, use natural materials, walls and floors are painted with plain paint. Ultra-modern technology, chrome parts - this is not for country style.
3. Colorful dishes. Often for the design of the kitchen, they use handmade dishes made of copper, ceramics, and wood. It is characterized by simplicity of form, and is often decorated with small floral ornaments.
4. Natural materials. Furniture, dishes, materials for repair and textile decoration are chosen exclusively from wood, copper and aluminum, stone, glass, paper, cotton or chintz. Plastic, plexiglas, synthetic fabrics, linoleum are not typical for a village house.
5. Metal use. Country allows for the use of metal, but there are certain conditions. Forged furniture and decor items, kitchenware made of brass or copper are welcome. Shiny metal surfaces are not typical for country.
6. Abundance of textiles. A lot of attention is paid to textile decoration. Each room is decorated with beautiful curtains, napkins. The kitchen is decorated with a hand-embroidered tablecloth, the bedroom is complemented with beautiful multi-layered bedspreads, the living room is decorated with animal skins, rugs and rugs.
7. Straight furniture. Wooden furniture is selected from natural wood with a good viewable texture. For a soft corner in the living room, a beautiful upholstery with a small pattern is permissible. For the bedroom you can choose not only wooden, but also forged bed.
8. Handmade accessories. Decorative items that emphasize the country style of the interior should be distinguished by their uniqueness and simplicity. Various crafts and handicrafts are welcome.
When starting to repair, you should decide on the direction of the country, taking into account national peculiarities. So the interior will get more alive and comfortable. It is worth remembering that, in contrast to city apartments with their multifunctionality and saving square meters, the village house is filled with simple life and spaciousness.It runs a measured leisurely life, which tends to be close to nature, welcomes family traditions and customs.
Adherence to the color scheme is one of the main rules of country-style design. Choosing a palette of colors, you can use the following recommendations:
If the decoration of the room is made in pastel colors, the furniture is better to choose a more saturated color. For example, a soft brown leather corner is suitable for a living room with beige wallpaper. If the room is covered with dark wallpaper, or sewn with dark wooden panels, then on this background it would be better to look light furniture. For example, a light furniture set and a dining table are selected in the dark kitchen.
All colors that can be used to create a country-style interior are divided into three groups:
Gray Light shades of pink
Light shades of blue
As a You can use red, burgundy, yellow and blue colors.
When choosing basic materials, you can recall the situation of a natural rural hut: plastic panels and self-leveling panels are unlikely to be found in it floors. All furniture, floors, walls, ceilings, windows are environmentally friendly, natural materials. In order to create a country-style interior of the living room, wooden floors are used, the fireplace is covered with wild stone, the window frames are wooden as well as the doors. In the bedroom country is more noticeable in the abundance of textile decoration.
In addition, walls and ceilings can be whitewashed or pasted over with plain paper in a plain color or in a small floral pattern. The kitchen looks very elegant. Usually a spacious room is decorated with wooden panels, whitewashed ceilings are complemented by well-defined dark wood lags, the floors can be stone (sometimes they use natural stone tiles).
Materials that are not recommended for use:
1. Plastic - plastic windows and doors cannot stand in a village hut;
2. Glass - this material can be used sparingly;
3. Plastic and silicone - dishes, decor and any utensils should not be of these materials;
4. Steel and chrome-plated elements - cost minimized if possible to use non-shiny metal surfaces instead;
5. Linoleum, vinyl stretch ceilings - are very far from the concept of rustic and eco-friendly, so they should be deleted altogether.
For the interior of a country choose furniture from such materials:
A common feature of furniture sets is the clarity and simplicity of lines, convenience. It should not be monograms, drawings (except for a small pattern of plants or cells). The minimum amount of décor, textures, designs and features is what you need.
Multifunctionality is a completely inappropriate characteristic for country furniture. If the dining table is in the dining room - then it is intended for a meal. It should not be laid out, transformed or used to carry out lessons or cutting clothes. Sofas and chairs should look like guests from the last century. But this does not mean that they definitely need to be found in the attic or flea market. They can be picked up in modern stores. Many manufacturers produce a series of country.
Each room in the house is furnished in a special way, selecting the necessary set of objects and excluding all unnecessary. Buffet, hanging shelves, a good working and dining table, chairs are put in the kitchen. The latter, if possible, can be replaced by benches. They will further emphasize the rustic spirit.The living room has upholstered furniture with leather or thick fabric. Its complement the coffee table, chairs, massive bookcases. In the bedroom, it is enough to install a bed, a wardrobe, a cabinet and wicker chairs if necessary. If the house has a terrace, then it has wicker chairs and a table.
If possible, modern furniture is replaced with antiques. Instead of a bedside table they put a roomy shabby chest, instead of upholstered furniture - a rocking chair. Bookcases replace high hanging shelves.
The beauty and rustic naivety of the rooms are strongly emphasized by the textile design. It should be a lot in the rooms. For each room are selected tablecloths, rugs, napkins, bedspreads and of course curtains. In the kitchen hang curtains cafes, or curtains with ruffles to the middle of the window. The pattern of curtains and tablecloths, upholstery of chairs and lace napkins should be the same. As a rule, this is a combination of a two-color scale (white with green, burgundy, blue, brown), complemented by hand-embroidered patterns, sewn with laces. In the bedroom, the curtains are hung up to the floor, but clamps are provided for them. The bed is covered with a blanket or bedspread in a single color scheme with curtains. If the room is a chair or sofa, then their upholstery should be in the same range with other textiles. The living room is decorated with a large soft carpet, simple curtains, which are ideally combined with soft pillows and upholstered furniture.
The colors of curtains and other textiles are usually cheerful, light. Dark, opaque curtains, rough tablecloths or curly cushions are completely inappropriate. The patchwork technique deserves special attention. It emphasizes the interior of the interior with its man-made and unique. In honor also self-woven rugs.
In rural houses, the floors are either wooden or stone. Modern interpretation of country style allows using ceramic tiles instead of natural stone floor. If wooden planks are laid on the floor, their structure should be clearly visible. It is better to open the tree with a transparent varnish or stain, but not with a thick oil paint. If it is not possible to use boards, then you can pick up a floorboard or laminate with a clearly defined pattern of knots and annual rings of trees. If the stone floor seems cold to you, then it is easy to fix with a warm, natural carpet. Floor coverings play a big role in creating a general atmosphere, the simpler they are, the better.
Try to choose the following among their varieties:
When designing the walls, you can safely use the following options:
There should be a lot of decor in country-style rooms. Decorative items include dishes, figurines, candlesticks, fresh flowers and much more. Each room acquires its true appearance, if it is properly decorated with accessories and decor.
The dining room is usually decorated with statuettes, candlesticks, flower vases, beautiful ceramic dishes. The walls should not be empty. They can be safely decorated with landscape watercolors.
Kitchen requires a lot of decoration work. It can be decorated with ceramic plates, polished pans and other metal utensils. All dishes are placed in a prominent place: in the open shelves, hung over the stove or cupboard. On the table put a basket of vines for bread or fruit. Spices, cereals, tea and coffee are distributed into numerous jars and boxes, which are decorated with their own hands and put in a prominent place.
The living room requires a wrought-iron chandelier resembling a candelabrum with candlesticks, paintings on the walls, beautiful massive candles in candlesticks, floor lamps, caskets with small knickknacks, and decorative figures. At will, this room is decorated as a hall of hunting glory — with stuffed birds and animals, fur hides, and weapons.
The bedroom can be decorated with small pillows and cushions, decorative clocks and table lamps.
The accents in the interior of the rooms in country style are set according to the chosen national color. Also affects the overall decoration of the room.As a rule, in the living room the brightest and most attractive accent is the living fire in the fireplace. In the kitchen - skillfully served table. In the dining room, attention is focused on the chairs, covering them with homemade covers with ruffles and hooks. In the maiden bedroom attract attention with his own embroidered napkins, pillowcases and curtains.
If the room is decorated in pastel colors, furniture and other objects are selected in this color scheme, then the interior is enlivened with a contrasting color spot. For example, a yellow or red pillow, a book in a bright cover, a floor lamp with a color shade or fresh flowers.
When designing the rooms, it is not customary to curtain the windows with thick curtains, so natural light is enough in the daytime. It is complemented artificially as needed. It is unacceptable to use fluorescent, halogen or energy-saving lamps, the light of which is cool white. It is better to turn ordinary incandescent bulbs into sconces and floor lamps.
When decorating rooms, you should select antique chandeliers and lamps. Numerous candlesticks, candelabra, floor lamps with fringe create coziness in the rooms.
If you are in the living room or library with massive wooden tables, solid wardrobes , full of books, exquisite soft sofas with light upholstery, light design of walls and ceilings, it is most likely that the room is decorated in English country.
Solidness and good quality often fill the spirit of American country music.
It is peculiar to it:
Special elegance and southern temperament are characteristic of rural Italy:
The pedantry and neatness of the Germans is also guessed in the rustic interior.
If the ideal order is not enough for you to determine, then pay attention to the following signs:
Cheerfulness and brightness are inherent in French interiors.
They are characterized by:
In Alpine chalets there are often white or very bright interiors. This applies to the walls, and furniture, and decor. It creates the impression of a northern interior. There are few decorative elements in it, only the necessary things are arranged.
Thus, the rustic interior, which characterizes a particular area, is the best way to create a peaceful atmosphere. It can be taken as a basis for design only the kitchen or the whole house. After repairs in such housing, it is imperative to bake fragrant buns with vanilla and bake meat in the oven to fill the space with the true spirit of the village.