In most cases, the attic is used to store unused and old things. In the past, few could dare to use it for living space. Today, in pursuit of every square meter, many are rebuilding the attic space, making the living room. Accordingly, the attic stairs in this case plays a key role. In this article, we will examine with you from different sides the manufacture of this piece of furniture, and find out what types of stairs in the attic exist.
Types of stairs
Stairs are installed as outside, and inside the house. The latter option has a lot of great advantages. To get to the attic, you do not need to go through the courtyard. There are several types of staircase designs:
Foldable attic stairs .
As for the last option, such stairs are often used as temporary structures. For example, they are applicable in cases where the attic has to be used less frequently. Portable ladders are not so reliable.
If we talk about reliability, then here, of course, it should be noted monolithic stairs, which have a wide march and reliable railings. But if you have a small room, then it will be almost impossible to accommodate it. In such circumstances, the ideal option stairs - retractable. It is easy to use, safe and ergonomic.
Mostly, the transforming staircase is made of metal or wood. If these two materials are combined, the result will be very worthy. For example, the staircase is made of wood, and the important components of metal: fastening, mechanism and springs. Wood will lighten the whole structure, and metal will add strength. For the manufacture of wooden elements is better to use solid wood.
In some situations, plastic fittings can be used. In the process of transformation, plastic levels friction. According to the opening method, folding ladders are manual and automatic. For easy manual opening, a load is attached to the ladder.
The main requirements for folding attic stairs are compact dimensions and durability. No less important is the aesthetic appearance of the structure.
Scissor-stairs are very popular. Its production is carried out only from metal parts. In another way, it is called "accordion". But they have a number of negative qualities. For example, after a while, a flight of stairs will emit an unpleasant creak, as some parts will wear out. But this can be prevented by timely lubricating each working connection.
This Type The construction consists of sections that are extended. When folded, it takes up little space, as the parts are assembled into one another. They are made mainly from aluminum. Telescopic ladder has high strength.
It can have 1-4 sections. The first is fixed on the cover. Subsequent sections are interconnected and form a uniform flight of stairs. They are equipped with hinges and special hinges.
If you do not have free space, the folding ladder has clear advantages. In most cases, it is folded in the wall. If necessary, it can be advanced. Using the card loops, the steps are fastened on a string. When she is folded, she hides in the wall.
Stairs hiding in a wall
We should mention the standard dimensions of such structures:
Separately, note the size of the hatch. The standard size is considered 120 * 70 cm. If the opening is smaller, then it will be inconvenient to rise. At the big sizes of the hatch there will be big heat losses. If your attic will not be heated, then the hatch must be steam- and heat-insulated.
The ladder should not interfere with living in the house . For this reason, installing a ladder in the kitchen or in the bedroom will be impractical. Therefore, it can be located, for example, in the corridor, hall. The selected room must be of the appropriate size. In some cases, these stairs are used as an interior detail, so in some cases it can be not hidden. It is recommended to make a preliminary drawing in order to present the stairs in your interior.
From two sections
If you want to make a simple ladder without complicated mechanisms, then the ladder of two sections is ideal. For its production you will need:
With the help of a loop, a short bar is fastened to the upper end of the ladder. The second, similar segment of the bar, on the bottom. They must be fixed obliquely, otherwise they will interfere with the movement. This design will be quite tough. After, measure out 2/3 of the ladder and make a neat cut. With the help of metal loops connect the two parts.
The hinges must be fastened correctly, otherwise the ladder will open in the wrong direction.
Now mount the top bar under the hatch on the wall. To folded state, the ladder does not open, you can use the hook. To do this, near the cutting place, twist the loop, and the hook at the appropriate distance into the wall. Attic two-piece ladder is ready!
One of the drawbacks of this design is that it is always in sight. But if you put in a little more effort, then you can build a ladder with your own hands, which will be hidden in the hatchway.
The structure folded into the hatch
This view the staircase has three sections, but in this case it will be conveniently located in the hatch. First of all, determine its location. For example, the opening has dimensions of 120 * 65 cm. Then, in order to prevent heat loss, the hatch should be cut 7–8 mm wider on each side. The work will require the following material:
At the end of each bar, make half of its thickness. After these places, coat with glue and put everything into a groove together in a rectangle. For strength between themselves, you can additionally twist the screws. To get the exact diagonal out of 4 mm plywood, cut the kerchief.
When the glue is dry, remove the kerchiefs and screw the plywood sheet with 10 mm self-tapping screws. Now try on the structure in the opening. If everything fits, then the measurements were performed accurately.
For an aesthetic look, insert the door latch into the cover. With the help of a screwed handle, you can open the hatch on the latch.
One of the important components of the folding attic staircase is the opening mechanism. The easiest method is to buy it. But if you want to save your family budget, you can do it yourself.
To do this, you need:
By this principle you make all the parts of the mechanism. As a result, you can make two identical parts of the mechanism.
When the mechanisms are ready, they should be attached to the hatch that was made earlier. In this case, you should try on the hatch with the mechanisms to the opening.
In the open position, the hatch should not touch the walls of the opening. If necessary, it can be adjusted. In order for the entire structure to be well kept, one more important detail should be made. To do this, take two strips, the width of which is 2 cm, as well as a corner. By the end of one of the strips, weld a small piece of metal. A corner will act as a supporting platform.
So, you will make a hinge, which in the open position will slightly bend, but at the same time withstand all the load. Among other things, it must be fully disclosed. This will allow you to evenly distribute the load created by the hinged ladder.
Make a ladder of wood . Take an inch board, ten centimeters wide. It is useful for making bowstrings and steps. The first section is done exactly along the length of the hatch, the second is similar, and the third is slightly smaller. As for the last section, its length should be equal to the remaining distance between the floor and the two sections when unfolded. Here you will also need to use small. Exceed the slope of the angle of the stairs in its unfolded state. Transfer these measurements to the board and mark the steps. This is done on two long sections. These lines should be applied evenly on the two boards. To do this, they can be taped together. The lines should be mirrored. In places where there will be hinges, drill 25 holes in the pen.
The holes must be on both sides of the boards, so first make holes on the inside and then on the outside. Grind each hole with a router.
This will give the blanks an aesthetic look. At the junctions of the segments, saw the boards.
Cut the required number of steps, polish them. For each step on the string, make small holes of 5 mm. Assemble the entire structure with PVA glue and screws.
To join the sections of the march, you must also make loops. Thanks to their presence, the ladder will fold and unfold, respectively. For this purpose it will be necessary to take a metal strip 2.5 cm wide. Eight such strips will be needed. To four of them, weld a small piece of a similar strip. In each of them make holes that will be used for fastening the stairs.
Now lay the first and second segment of the ladder on a flat surface. The junction between them should be tight enough. Screw the hinge so that the hinge bolt is in the notch in the center of the connected sections. On the other hand, the edge will be the bowstring edge. After twisting the two loops, check the ladder for flexion. If everything is working properly, for the same example, connect the third segment.
Now there is only a little. When all the parts you made are finished and interconnected, you can proceed to installation in the opening.
First of all, treat all metal parts with metal primer, spray paint and apply two layers of varnish on wooden elements.
When the whole structure is dry, it remains to fasten it with anchors in the opening to the attic. After long work the folding ladder is ready! You can find a photo guide at the end of the article.
Scheme of the folding ladder
To the attic or you can climb the attic you have made, using a folding ladder. To do this, you will need the following building material:
To successfully assemble a staircase to the ceiling, the top edge of a stationary string must not reach 550 mm.
Scheme in assembled form
So, all the work is done in the following sequence:
In order that the steps do not rub against each other when folded, there must be an indent of one centimeter between them. Transfer all this marking to the second string and fasten the steps in the marked places. As for the loops, they should be placed on a stationary string, so that they eventually lift the steps up and the moving string down. Accordingly, a hook is mounted in suitable places on the wall. This is perhaps the easiest and fastest method of making folding attic stairs.
So, we have considered with you several options for making attic stairs with our own hands. Of course, at first it may seem like an unthinkable task, but with effort and effort, you can do everything. Leave your comments on this article and share your impressions!
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Cut out the area overlapped by the corner
One mechanism is ready
Twist the blanks together with the clamps
Make all the parts
The mechanisms are ready
The corner serves as a support
This will be the hinge
here there will be hinge loops
Sand the holes
Saw the boards
Make n on the string there are grooves
will be needed. Connect the parts
Installation in the opening
Fix the ladder finally anchors