After the home improvement is completed, you can proceed to the design of the site. Modern landscape design includes the development of a variety of decorative elements. But an important part throughout the garden paths are. Thanks to them, the site can be divided into several zones. In addition, they will carry a large functional load, that is, to protect the sowed lawn from trampling. Also, the proper arrangement of garden paths will allow to organize rainwater runoff.
Today, you can use various materials to create tracks. A huge range can be divided into 3 large groups.
The most durable, perhaps, can be called paving slabs, stone and concrete. A tree, even if it is covered with several protective layers of paint and varnish materials, will begin to collapse after 5 years.
When choosing materials, it is necessary to take into account not only the planned landscape design, but also the type of land, as well as the level of wastewater.
Thanks to the possibility of using a large number of materials, several classifications were created. So, garden paths are divided into the following types:
The following types of tracks are installed most often at the dacha:
Thanks to different technologies You can create tracks of different shapes, patterns and colors. When choosing varieties of wood, preference should be given to aspen, pine, cedar and larch. Regardless of what material was chosen to create a garden path, it is important to strictly follow the technique of its installation.
First of all any work need to plan on a map of the site. It is important that the tracks reach all corners. If the groundwater is very high and the surface is weak, it is necessary to strengthen it. Otherwise, after the first winter, the gardens will lose their shape and collapse.
The best time to work on the arrangement of garden paths is a dry and warm summer.
The main path must be wide enough. Its direction is from the gate to the front door of the house. Further, additional accommodation takes place throughout the yard and the site.Important areas are:
To determine the width (each track can have a different width), its purpose must be taken into account. The standard width is from 1 to 1.5 m, just as much space is needed for two people. The width of the secondary tracks (beds and flower beds) should not exceed 1 m. The main thing is the optimal number of tracks. Do not clutter up the entire personal plot with transitions.
If there are trodden trails on the territory, then permanent tracks should be built in their place.
Laying the paths on the site
Now is the time to start marking the site. To do this you need a tape measure, a cord and pegs. Further, when arranging the tracks with your own hands, you can start preparing the base. It is necessary to remove the soil, about 30 cm high. A layer of waterproofing is laid in the prepared trenches. Fine gravel or sand is poured on top (the filler is selected individually).
A selected coating can be laid on the prepared base. Laying technology will depend on which material has been selected. For example, when laying bricks, gaps are filled with sand, it is also used for paving slabs. For concrete it is necessary to use the technology of pouring the foundation for the house. Most types of natural stone should be laid on a mixture of sand and cement to ensure maximum adhesion. A drainage system is installed on both sides to drain rainwater.
When arranging garden paths, it is worth remembering that over time they can settle down, therefore their height should be 5 cm above ground level. Protection against moisture is just as important. To achieve this, it is enough to make a small bias in a couple of degrees.
Combined options in the garden
Original and interesting will look combined tracks in the garden. They carry not only a decorative function, as sometimes there is a technical need. For example, a path made of stone, brick or tile is very popular, but it will look more original if a small layer of fine gravel or expanded clay is laid along its edges. They will act as a drainage, and absorb excess moisture.
In addition, with the right and skillful combination, you can visually shorten or expand the garden path. When choosing materials it is necessary to take into account the main requirement: they must be well combined with each other and correspond to the chosen style of landscape design. Among the most successful combinations can be identified:
Plants and flowers can also act as borders. In their selection, it is necessary to focus on the shape and boundaries of the created tracks.
In the presence of a lateral drainage system, rainwater will not fall on the lawn or flower beds, and wash them.
So, with the help of simple technological operations and expert advice, you can improve the territory around the house with your own hands, make it functional, practical and at the same time decorative. The most common materials will create a cozy corner. It is enough to use fantasy and you can drastically change the appearance of the infield.
From this video, you can learn how to make garden paths correctly:
From the covers
Made of stone and gravel
Mosaic made of stone
Original garden path
The classic stone path
Of the cuts
From saw and gravel
From clinker tiles
From garden parquet