Proper planning, calculations and selection of the optimal equipment for building a home heating system is of paramount importance both for the efficiency of its further operation and for your wallet. One of the main components of the heating system directly are radiators. Just about the choice of these devices for the home network and will be discussed in this material.
One of the advantages of a private house is an autonomous heating system, which is calculated and installed according to individual desire master of the house. It is easier to answer the question which radiators are better for a private house than when choosing radiators for an apartment connected to the central heating network of a microdistrict. Unlike the central heating system of city apartments, a closed system of a private house has the following positive characteristics:
Below, we consider all possible types of radiators for a private house and try to identify the best options.
1. Panel and sectional steel radiators are the most cost-effective radiators for heating a private house. They have good heat transfer characteristics, are compact enough and fit well into the interior. Depending on the type of performance, there is a choice of different connection options to the heating system of the house. In private houses with wide window openings, a panel radiator blocks the cold air flow and prevents the appearance of drafts.
For those who are looking for good heating radiators with an affordable cost, this is the best option for use in your home.
2. Tubular radiators - according to the price level they stand above panel and sectional radiators. They are approximately equal in technical characteristics, the markup is mainly due to a more refined look with claims to design elements. It is also convenient to use tubular radiators for drying things, which is important in families with a large number of children.
Design options for tubular steel radiators.
When choosing a steel radiator for a private house, we get the following advantages:
The disadvantages include the following:
The aluminum radiator is widely used for heating systems in a private house. Such popularity is due to modern design and high thermal capacity. The price range of aluminum radiators is extensive, it all depends on the manufacturer. The cheapest ones are radiators of Russian manufacturers, judging by user feedback, it is better to take overseas counterparts that are much more expensive.
Aluminum radiators with different center distance.
If you choose an aluminum radiator for a local heating network of a private house, you need to observe a number of quite important conditions for selection and operation, which are provided below:
Affordable price, decent design and fast heat dissipation, that’s the secret to the success of aluminum radiators. Fairly good radiators for heating a private house. With strict observance of the above standards of choice and operation, they will last a long time with good heat transfer.
The upper point of the evolution of radiators is a bimetallic radiator of heating with a declared service life of 40 years. Bimetal is a combination of two or more types of metal in one product. Bimetallic radiators inside are made of steel, and from the outside they are covered with aluminum fins.
High-quality bimetallic radiators are necessarily coated with an anti-corrosion primer, not only on the outside, but also on the inside. Able to withstand a pressure of 20-35 atmospheres and does not require special technical conditions for circulating water.
The bimetallic radiator encloses the heat transfer of aluminum and resistance to corrosion of the best iron alloys.
The reverse side is a high cost, for the average man in the street in our country it is inaccessible roads. Cheap models are also on sale, but only the name of the bimetallic in them, if you decide to purchase such a radiator, you should carefully approach this issue so as not to buy the lowest quality fake.
The use of bimetallic radiators in the heating systems of a private house is not entirely advisable due to the high cost. Yes, they have much greater strength than the aluminum and metal radiators discussed above. But at the beginning of the material I already mentioned that there is not and cannot be high pressure in the local heating network, as a rule it amounts to 2–3 atmospheres, therefore there cannot be powerful water hammer here either. It turns out that the advantages of this radiator in the form of increased strength in this case is not advisable to consider.
The first cast-iron batteries began to be used in tsarist Russia more than 100 years ago. Until now, a cast-iron radiator with 50 years of experience can be found in the houses of the Soviet era.
Section of cast iron radiator of type MS.
If aluminum radiators heat up quickly and cool down quickly, then with cast iron batteries it is the other way around. The residual heat retention in a cast iron radiator is 30%. On the rest, considered types of radiators, it does not exceed 15%. That can significantly reduce the cost of gas for heating a private house.
Corrosion resistance is very high, the performance of cast iron batteries in old houses, an indisputable proof of their durability and reliability.
If there are doubts about the design, then the modern market can boast exquisite decorative solutions that can decorate the interior of any house or apartment.
The cost of cast iron radiators is higher than that of their aluminum and steel counterparts, but much lower than bimetallic heating devices.
The only drawback of cast iron batteries is their too heavy weight.
|Parameters||Working pressure, Atm.||For a private house||For an apartment||Cost|
|Steel panel||6 - 10||YES||NO||Low|
|Steel tubular||8 - 15||YES||NO||For decorative models, a very high|
|Aluminum (sectional)||6 - 25||YES||NO||Low|
|Bimetallic||20 - 30||YES||YES|| The radiators of the Russian firm Rifar and Chinese manufacturers are average. |
European manufacturers have a large price.
|Cast iron (sectional)||6 - 9||YES||YES|| On the MC and similar low. |
For decorative models, the price is high.
So we looked at all common heating radiators, which would be better for a private house to solve, using this article as a hint not a guide to action. As you can see, any radiators for heating a private house require certain operating conditions, and they must be chosen taking into account the general technical condition and the capabilities of the heating system itself, in general. Much depends on the budget, when choosing any type of battery, you can find a middle ground for technical characteristics and price range.
In my opinion, in this case, it is most expedient to consider 2 types of radiators: panel steel radiators or aluminum. But still, if you compare them with each other, then probably the steel ones are still more practical, more reliable, more efficient and cheaper.