In order to provide strength and durability to the foundation of a house or any other building, it is necessary to install waterproofing. Proper foundation waterproofing is a guarantee of the reliability of the entire building. After all, if the foundation is destroyed, the structure itself will be damaged. In this article, we will tell you how to do the foundation waterproofing with your own hands, consider the methods, and also show photos and video instructions.
There are two ways to waterproof the foundation: anti-corrosion and anti-filtration .
Anti-filtration waterproofing of the foundation is not done. Its arrangement requires high-class specialists who have experience in this field. However, in most cases such protection is not required. Anti-filtration system is needed only in places with high levels of moisture. For simple country houses, baths, garages suitable anti-corrosion waterproofing.
Anti-corrosion waterproofing can be:
Vertical protection is more complex in execution, however, it is very effective.
The horizontal system for protecting the foundation from moisture is made of ordinary roofing felt folded several times. It is installed very simply and more common than all other types of waterproofing.
Horizontal waterproofing serves to protect against capillary penetration of water and steam.
This foundation protection system is superimposed on its base. For waterproofing, you can use liquid bitumen. In the process of working with this material should only be remembered that it emits harmful fumes in a heated form. Therefore, should be protected.
Vertical protection can be:
When applying vertical waterproofing, pay due attention to the handling of material joints, which are often vulnerable to moisture penetration.
Paint waterproofing is made using bitumen, which is applied to the surface. In the vertical waterproofing can also be used roofing material.
Waterproofing with liquid bitumen
Liquid bitumen is an excellent material for waterproofing foundation. It:
Liquid bitumen has disadvantages. The main one is that this material in a heated condition is very harmful.
Work with bitumen should be done only with the use of protective equipment. In addition, bitumen requires regular heating, and it must be carefully monitored. This material quickly ignites and burns, exuding asphyxiating smoke and unpleasant odor.
To make waterproofing with bitumen, follow the instructions below.
Waterproofing is not limited to the treatment of the foundation basement and basement. In order to protect the house from moisture, it is necessary to conduct high-quality drainage next to the house itself. For this it is necessary to equip one simple system.
After arranging the drainage system, you should not worry that the basement will be flooded after the snow melts on the site. When arranging such a system, you must be careful.In the event of an error, water can start flowing directly to the foundation. In difficult cases for such work it is better to invite a specialist.
An additional measure of protection is an external drainage system. These are various trays and water collectors. This method was known in ancient times. It still works effectively. Before you make the waterproofing of the foundation of the house, it is necessary to consider the drainage area.
Water is affected by the tape foundation:
When arranging waterproofing, it is necessary to take into account all types of damage that moisture can cause in various ways.
Waterproofing can be:
Free-flow waterproofing is designed for seasonal melting of snow when water rises to the foundation. It is made as follows:
After the arrangement of such a system, seasonal waters will no longer pose a danger to the strip foundations.
This type of insulation is made using various sprayed and coating agents. It protects the foundation constantly from any moisture. As a result of the work, a special membrane is created, which has water-repellent characteristics.
This type of foundation protection must completely fill all cracks and small cracks. One of the most effective ways to create capillary waterproofing is liquid bitumen. This method has already been described above.
The material that is used for waterproofing should have the following characteristics:
For more information about foundation waterproofing, see the following videos: