Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system

In order for a residential house in the private sector within the city or outside it not to be submerged, wall foundation drainage should be made. This construction allows you to limit the height of the flow of groundwater so that they do not flow through the critical point, flooding the basement or cellar (or viewing pit in the garage). In addition to the flooding of certain premises, there can be a lot of trouble. There will be dampness and mold on the walls, the ceiling and the floor of the rooms, the decoration and inventory will be damaged, the foundation will be destroyed.

Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Plan for organizing drainage from the foundation

What does the drainage scheme look like? Below the basement level, respectively, below the level of the basement floor (or any other room, which is located below all else), a structure is constructed that is necessary to prevent groundwater and rainwater from penetrating into the basement rooms. Consider what constitutes a wall drainage device foundation.


Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Foundation Drainage

In fact, few people will say today that the drainage system is not needed. For those who have a house with a basement or the building has a basement floor, moisture removal near the wall is simply necessary. Of course, it will be better to take care of it even during construction, when the foundation is just being laid. Well, in the case when the building is already built, but there is no moisture drain, you will have to find time and money to create a system of protection against groundwater. The beginning of the drainage device will be the work of digging out the pit around the house.

Moisture pipes, also known as drains, are placed around the building around the perimeter. At the corners of the house, where the pipes are joined to each other, inspection wells are made. A pumping well is arranged in the lowest place of the suburban area. His goal is to bring excess moisture beyond the borders of the territory into the nearest storm sewer system or some water body.

If you put a clay castle at a distance of half a meter from the foundation, you can additionally protect it from water.

Arranging moisture protection on a wall means that several types of drainage elements will be used:

  • Linear . It is made of sections made of polyvinyl chloride. These sections have several gutters, as well as protective grilles, which are mounted across the blind area around the house. Getting into these grids, the water through the pipes passes into the sump well.
  • Plast . This type of drainage is equipped directly under the foundation, positioning it on the same level as the sand cushion. As a result of this, all the excess liquid flows into the receiving well along drains with perforations, above which sand from the river and rubble is poured (previously washed). Rubble and sand are needed because they play the role of a protective filter.

Performing calculations for the installation of drainage

Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Wall drainage

Solving how the basement of the building will be hydraulically protected, several important factors need to be remembered:

  • Depth of laying the foundation . It depends on the depth of the laying of drainage, which should be located at the level of the pillow or even slightly below it.
  • Drainage slope . If the drainage system is evenly lowered to the side where the collection manifold is located, giving the pipeline a slope of 2 cm per linear meter, then it is possible to ensure the discharge of excess water without interruption, preventing it from stagnating in the pipes, acquiring an unpleasant smell.

In order to properly drain, it is necessary to mark in advance the points of the system that are at the very top and at the very bottom. The mark of the depth at which the upper level of the system will have to be laid depends in the most direct way on the place where the water collection point and its outlet will be located. As a rule, a corner of a house is taken for such a mark, and a sink well-receiver can serve as a lower mark.

To understand how drainage is performed and related calculations are performed, consider a small example. Take for illustrative example a house 8 m long and having a width of exactly 5 m. The well will be 9 m from the building, while its upper level will be elevated 28 cm above the ground.

We calculate the length of the trenches. The length of the individual sections of the trench to the place where the water will be diverted is 13 m (the sum of the width and length of the house, equal to 5 and 8 m, respectively). The total length of the trench to the receiving well is 22 m (13 m, calculated above, and 9 m to the well). As a result, a value equal to 44 cm (2 cm * 22 m length) will be considered as an acceptable slope.

If the point where the water will be discharged turns out to be too high for certain reasons, you need to install a drainage pump with which you can pump out of the sump.

Regardless of what is required in your case, the drainage around the foundation slab should be located at a distance of at least 3 m from the building. And fillers - sand and gravel, fall asleep to a depth that will not allow these materials to swell if they freeze through groundwater. In addition, around the building it is necessary to arrange a blind area not less than a meter wide.


Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Drainage system around the house

By and large, perform the wall drainage is easy, most importantly, to perform all the work in stages, in the following order:

  • During the creation of the sand cushion, it is necessary to carefully measure the height differences in different places using a level (geodetic instrument measuring the height difference on differing elevations). Labels or milestones are set at marked places. Where the depth is less than the required, you should fill the sand, where it is more - cut the soil. This will result in a uniform slope, along which pipes can be laid so that the water flows along them evenly, without using a pump.
  • A geotextile canvas must be spread out on top of the sand layer, and then the washed gravel should be poured onto it. When the gravel is scattered, they make an indentation in which a drainage will be laid. During laying it is necessary to ensure that the slope is the same throughout the length of the trenches.
  • Perforated polyvinyl chloride pipes should be laid on the gravel. The holes in them must have a size that will not allow small particles of gravel to form a blockage.
  • Upon completion of all connections, we check the overall bias. You can do this by pulling the cord. On each pair of meters, the slope should increase by 2 cm. That is, after 2 m the drainage outlet will fall by 2 cm, after 4 m - by 4 cm, and so on.
  • At the corners we use tees to make the corner joints, and upwardly bring up the vertical pipe, which will have a tight-fitting lid. Thanks to such taps installed at each corner, it will be easy for the system to flush out any debris or sludge.
  • The pipes laid in trenches are wrapped with geotextile, and the winding should be without gaps. Also, it should not get gravel or sand. In order to not unwind geotextiles, it is tied with a nylon thread.
  • After winding, backfilling is made with clean gravel, a layer about 17 cm thick. The resulting cushion of gravel must be covered with the same geotextile to prevent soil from entering the holes.
  • Above the gravel is poured river sand of a large fraction, which will give an opportunity to additionally filter wastewater.
  • The release of sewage pipes from the house must be warmed up. To do this, you can use foam with a thickness of at least 20 cm.

Actually, this is the last stage in the construction of wall drainage of the foundation. In the photo at the end of the article you can see how these or other stages of arranging such protection look. The finished system can be operated for several decades, if you look after it and maintain it in a timely manner.


Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Surface drainage

Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Receiving well of the system

Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Drainage well

Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Working with geotextiles

Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Laying geotextiles

Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Laying the flexible hose

Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system Installation pipes

Wall basement drainage - foundation with drainage system High water table



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