In order for a residential house in the private sector within the city or outside it not to be submerged, wall foundation drainage should be made. This construction allows you to limit the height of the flow of groundwater so that they do not flow through the critical point, flooding the basement or cellar (or viewing pit in the garage). In addition to the flooding of certain premises, there can be a lot of trouble. There will be dampness and mold on the walls, the ceiling and the floor of the rooms, the decoration and inventory will be damaged, the foundation will be destroyed.
Plan for organizing drainage from the foundation
What does the drainage scheme look like? Below the basement level, respectively, below the level of the basement floor (or any other room, which is located below all else), a structure is constructed that is necessary to prevent groundwater and rainwater from penetrating into the basement rooms. Consider what constitutes a wall drainage device foundation.
In fact, few people will say today that the drainage system is not needed. For those who have a house with a basement or the building has a basement floor, moisture removal near the wall is simply necessary. Of course, it will be better to take care of it even during construction, when the foundation is just being laid. Well, in the case when the building is already built, but there is no moisture drain, you will have to find time and money to create a system of protection against groundwater. The beginning of the drainage device will be the work of digging out the pit around the house.
Moisture pipes, also known as drains, are placed around the building around the perimeter. At the corners of the house, where the pipes are joined to each other, inspection wells are made. A pumping well is arranged in the lowest place of the suburban area. His goal is to bring excess moisture beyond the borders of the territory into the nearest storm sewer system or some water body.
If you put a clay castle at a distance of half a meter from the foundation, you can additionally protect it from water.
Arranging moisture protection on a wall means that several types of drainage elements will be used:
Solving how the basement of the building will be hydraulically protected, several important factors need to be remembered:
In order to properly drain, it is necessary to mark in advance the points of the system that are at the very top and at the very bottom. The mark of the depth at which the upper level of the system will have to be laid depends in the most direct way on the place where the water collection point and its outlet will be located. As a rule, a corner of a house is taken for such a mark, and a sink well-receiver can serve as a lower mark.
To understand how drainage is performed and related calculations are performed, consider a small example. Take for illustrative example a house 8 m long and having a width of exactly 5 m. The well will be 9 m from the building, while its upper level will be elevated 28 cm above the ground.
We calculate the length of the trenches. The length of the individual sections of the trench to the place where the water will be diverted is 13 m (the sum of the width and length of the house, equal to 5 and 8 m, respectively). The total length of the trench to the receiving well is 22 m (13 m, calculated above, and 9 m to the well). As a result, a value equal to 44 cm (2 cm * 22 m length) will be considered as an acceptable slope.
If the point where the water will be discharged turns out to be too high for certain reasons, you need to install a drainage pump with which you can pump out of the sump.
Regardless of what is required in your case, the drainage around the foundation slab should be located at a distance of at least 3 m from the building. And fillers - sand and gravel, fall asleep to a depth that will not allow these materials to swell if they freeze through groundwater. In addition, around the building it is necessary to arrange a blind area not less than a meter wide.
Drainage system around the house
By and large, perform the wall drainage is easy, most importantly, to perform all the work in stages, in the following order:
Actually, this is the last stage in the construction of wall drainage of the foundation. In the photo at the end of the article you can see how these or other stages of arranging such protection look. The finished system can be operated for several decades, if you look after it and maintain it in a timely manner.
Receiving well of the system
Working with geotextiles
Laying the flexible hose
High water table