Types of sofas, their designs and transformation mechanisms + Video

It is difficult to imagine a cozy home without a sofa. This upholstered furniture gives us warmth and a sense of measuredness, the sofa occupies one of the main places in each family. Here we are accustomed to relax, play with the little ones, talk with relatives and friends, watch TV and read, and, of course, sleep. To choose the right model for you, you need to know what types of sofas exist.

Types of sofas, their designs and transformation mechanisms + Video

All models of sofas can be classified:

  • by type of transformation;
  • by design features;
  • by purpose;
  • by size and number of seats.

Types of sofas by type of transformation


This is the most common design of the sofa, you can both sit and sleep on it, even if the sofa is folded. To expand it, you should raise the seat, and hear a characteristic click of the mechanism - lower it. Folding a sofa book can be, if you raise the seat until it clicks, and then return it to the lower position. The disadvantages of this sofa design include the fact that having collected a sofa, it must be moved to the wall, since there is free space between its back and the wall. And for unfolding it must be pushed back, otherwise the sofa does not expand.

Video: Mechanism of transformation "Book" or "Sofa book"

Click-fang sofa

This type of sofa is an improved model of the sofa-book . Called it by the sound that occurs when folding the sofa. This model, unlike a sofa-book, has 3 positions: sitting, half-sitting and lying down. However, some designs click-klyak sofas have side parts, which are easily transformed into headrests or armrests. It even does not take up much space when unfolded, therefore it is ideal for small apartments.

Video: "Click Click" transformation mechanism

  • See. . Reviews of sofas with click-dangle transformation mechanism

Sofa "accordion"

This type of sofa is very popular and in demand due to the simplicity of the transformation mechanism and the compactness of the sofa. The berth of such a model has three parts, one of them is a seat, and the rest are folded as a backrest. To unfold the sofa with the mechanism "accordion" it is necessary to push the seat forward and lay a double back in the same plane as it. For folding such a sofa does not need to move aside, it is perfect for small areas.

Video: Transformation mechanism "Accordion"

  • See. . Reviews of sofas with a transformation mechanism accordion

Sofa type dolphin

This design of the sofa is very simple and consists of two parts. This sofa looks great in large rooms, and fits perfectly in small rooms (for example, in the kitchen). In order to decompose it, it is necessary to push to the end a special block located under the seat. And then up and out of him push the second part of the bed.

Video: Transformation mechanism "Clamshell Dolphin"


It has a simple transformation system, even the elderly and children can expand the sofa. Such furniture will serve much longer than other types of folding sofas. The sofa has large drawers for linen and is distinguished by the wide and perfectly flat surface of the bed. To expand the eurobook seat, pull it towards you and lower the backrest into the empty space. Such furniture can be put both at the wall and in the middle of the room.

Video: Eurobook Transformation Mechanism

  • See. . Reviews of sofas with the mechanism of transformation of the eurobook

Roll-out sofa

The mechanism of transformation of such sofas has 3 parts. His distant folded position is located in the back and becomes when unfolded in place of the head. To spread out the pull-out sofa, pull the seat towards yourself and, having extended all parts of the sofa in such a way, level the resulting plane with the help of a reclining backrest or side-loading pillows. Another such design is called a sofa with the mechanism "Telescope", as it unfolds, like a telescope (all parts are moved from the inside).

Video: Transformation mechanism "Telescope"

Puma-type sofa

There are various types of folding sofas, but this design favorably differs in original, simple and convenient unfolding principle. The front part of the sofa is easily raised and smoothly carried forward, after which it becomes a support. On the vacant space raise the second half of the bed. Due to the special synchronization of the system and high reliability, such furniture is convenient to use on a daily basis. Also, sofas equipped with this folding mechanism are quite compact and easily fit into even small areas.

Video: Puma transformation mechanism

Sofa type pantograph

This design of the sofa has all the advantages of the Eurobook, but has its own way of transformation. Rollers are not used in its construction, and the seat with the “pantograph” mechanism does not touch the floor when unfolding. That is why these sofas are also called "walking". Sleeping surface with a slight movement moves away from the back, which is then lowered into a horizontal position. In operation, such a folding mechanism is simple, convenient and resistant to wear.

Video: Sofa type pantograph

Folding sofa

The device of this design works on the principle of an expanding scroll. Thin foam rubber (mattress couch) and cot fold inside the sofa. To expand it, you need to pull a special loop. At the same time, there are several types of transformation of sofas of this type:

  • "French" folding bed. In order to decompose it, the seat cushions are removed and the mattress is laid out in three stages; This is the most reliable and expensive version of a folding sofa.

Video: Transformation mechanism "French folding bed"

Sofa with the mechanism "Lit"

This compact sofa just transform into a fairly comfortable single bed, and its armrests can be expanded almost at any angle. The seat of the sofa is a sleeper, and its back is not moving. Having laid out one of the armrests, you can get a small bed (for children), and if you expand the sofa completely you will get a full single bed.

Video: Sofa with the mechanism “Lit”

Types of sofas by design features

The shape distinguishes between corner, classic straight and island sofas.

Corner sofas are easily installed in the corners of the room, they can be leaned against the wall. They occupy a minimum of usable space and are great for small areas.

Most often, island sofas are distinguished by their rounded shape; you cannot lean them against a wall or put them in a corner. Such a sofa should occupy a central place in spacious rooms.

Types of sofas by purpose

All types of this upholstered furniture can be categorized according to purpose:

  • For office sofas.
  • For the living room.
  • For the kitchen.
  • To the hallway.
  • For a child's room.

At the same time, the types of sofas and their mechanism may differ, so you need to decide on a specific model that is suitable for your purposes. Most often, the material that sheathes the sofa determines its purpose.

So sofas sheathed in leather or similar cheaper materials are usually designed for offices or kitchens.

Sofas for children's rooms are usually covered with bright, but at the same time practical materials from which it is easy to remove stains.

Sofas in size and number of seats

All sofas can be divided into compact models for 2-3 people and into large structures for 5 or more seats. At the same time there is no uniform standard for the sizes of this upholstered furniture. One manufacturer produces a 2-seater sofa 1.6 m long, and another firm - 1.9 m.

Please note that the model you like does not occupy the entire free space in the room, does not block the approach to the balcony, coffee table, TV. Before buying, be sure to measure the area of ​​the room and match it with the size of the sofa. Good luck with your purchase!

The video below will help you determine the choice of sofa for various needs.

Video: How to choose the sofa


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