The roof of a modern house is not just a covering for it, existing in order to protect it from rain, snow and sunlight. The roof is a kind of continuation of the house in architectural terms, due to which its general appearance is formed. Moreover, it depends on what type of roof is installed on the house and its overall comfort depends.
Although, the roof should be not only beautiful, but also reliable. In principle, there are numerous types of roofs of private houses, but the most common are only a few of them, which are discussed in this article.
So, speaking in general, all roofs are structurally divided into pitched and flat roofs. Both those and others have a number of advantages and disadvantages.
1. For example, at present, flat-type roofs are practically not used in the process of constructing residential private houses. The reason lies in the fact that a slope of 3 degrees, which has a roof of this type, leads to the fact that atmospheric precipitation is badly “rolling down” from it. And this means that there is no need to speak about good reliability of a flat roof. Yes, and in terms of design flat roof strongly loses pitched. Therefore, in most cases, a flat roof is equipped then if it is planned to organize on it any additional space such as a pool, front garden or terrace.
Flat roof construction. Photo - jwroof. com
2. The pitched roof is much more practical in this respect, which has a number of advantages in relation to a flat roof type. A sufficient angle of the slope contributes to the fact that the roof itself is cleaned of water and snow, and in general is a more reliable structure than a flat roof. Under such a roof you can easily make an attic or an attic. Despite a number of advantages, the pitched roof has some disadvantages, which are associated with the high cost of construction and the complexity of its repair during operation.
The structure of the pitched roof.
It is fair to say that the owner of the future house is trying to choose any one of several proposed roofs options. That is, either the design of the attic type or bescherdnuyu (mansard).
1. The roof of the attic type is notable for its simplicity of construction, therefore such a roof can be easily built even on its own. Very often, the slope of the attic roof depends on the type of roofing material. This should take into account both the load that should hold such a roof, and the cost of building material during its construction. In addition, this type provides for the possibility of repair without replacing the entire roof. If the choice is made in favor of the attic roof, then it is necessary to immediately determine whether the attic will be operated in the future or not. That is, it is from this decision that the choice of the upper attic floor will depend, which can be both wooden and concrete.
Attic roof - shared with the whole room.
Photo - energysavers. gov
2. Another type of roof is mansard. She - besherdachnaya. Its main difference from other types of garret roofs in private houses is that the external walls in this case will be roofing structures. This roof is very original, so the appearance of the house itself will be very unusual. And everything would be fine, but the working area of the attic room in this case is reduced, and the process of erecting a mansard roof is very difficult and it is not easy to cope with it without appropriate experience.
Attic roof from the inside.
As a rule, a bescherdnaya roof has a certain fracture, therefore, in order to strengthen it, it is necessary to install wooden supports from the inside. However, with the proper imagination and from this, you can benefit if you trim these supports with plywood and turn it all into useful lockers and niches for temporarily unnecessary things.
In addition, the design features of the roofs can define various forms of the roofs of private houses.
At the moment, the leanest roof is considered to be the simplest and cheapest. This is a flat view of the roof, which rests on walls with different heights. As a result, the slope of the roof occurs in one, any direction. Usually it is most often used in the construction of sheds, garages and other outbuildings. But quite often it can be seen on country houses. With all its advantages, the main disadvantage of such a roof is that it is impossible to build a loft in a house with such a roof. And her appearance leaves much to be desired.
House covered with a lean-to roof.
A 2-pitched roof is common in villages and in small towns. This type of roof has reached our days from ancient times. As you might guess, such a roof consists of 2 skates, connected to each other with the help of a “ridge”. Interestingly, such slopes are both symmetrical relative to each other, and differ from each other by the angle of inclination or length. Under such a roof you can easily equip the attic or attic. This type of roof can be safely considered the most practical and most common. Parts of the walls of the building that limit the attic space on both sides are called gables.
One of the most common types of roofs is a pitched roof. Photo - barntoolbox. com
If instead of pediments 2 triangular slopes are installed, then this roof is called hip, and the slopes themselves are called hip. The upper part of the slopes has dormer windows. If we compare this type of roof with the above, then constructing it is much more difficult. Therefore, the construction of such a roof should be trusted only to professionals. But the resistance of such roofs to precipitation and strong winds is simply phenomenal.
An example of a house with a gambrel roof. Photo - barntoolbox. com
The half-hinged roof type is considered an intermediate link between 2 pitched and hip roofs. The end pediments in this case are made in the form of a trapezium, and their top is covered with half-arms. As a rule, in such roofs on the pediment you can place a fully-fledged window, and the half-hops themselves are quite interesting decorative elements.
There is another type of half-gum roof, when the lower part of the gable is simply blocked by a ramp. This allows you to ensure the correct triangular shape of the remaining part of the gable, which is usually organized by the dormer window. If to judge such a roof by its appearance, then it represents a rather large interest for designers.
On the left is the first type, on the right is the second type of hip roof.
The hip roof has another type, which is called the hip roof. Structurally, it has 3 or more slopes, converging at the same upper point. This type of roof has no ridge, besides the symmetry of the slopes with respect to each other, is simply amazing. If the house has the shape of a regular polygon or square, then it usually uses a hipped roof type. In terms of resistance to winds, this type of roof has proven itself quite well. Moreover, in terms of design ideas, there are few alternatives to such roofs.
Example of a hip roof. Photo - homesplas. com
If the building has the shape of a complex polygon, then it is usually covered with a multi-roof roof. Such roofs are very complex structurally because of their difficult system of rafters. However, with a successful project of such a roof, you can create a very unique design.
Example of a multi-gable roof.
The broken roof type is also often referred to the types of mansard roofs of private houses. Such a roof is sometimes called a mansard type roof. They have a fairly large angle of inclination of the fracture, which allows you to more fully utilize the effective area of the attic in the building.
A variant of a broken roof.
Dome and conical roofs are very rare, as regards private residential buildings. As a rule, these structures are round-shaped structures, but they do not cover all the rooms of the house, but only its individual elements, which, for example, include round-shaped verandas, or decorative turrets.
On the left is the dome and on the right a conical roof.
But combined types of roofs have the most complex structure. In a more simple language, such roofs are combinations of multi-tongued, hipped, semi-hinged structures. Despite this, if the cottage has a combined roof, its very unusual appearance attracts attention, because it has a large number of dormer windows, covered small balconies, as well as open and closed verandas. And everything would be fine, but such roofs are not easy to build and maintain in the future.
Example of a combined roof.
Whatever it was, but the roofs, regardless of their shape or type, are constantly being improved and complemented by new elements.