The foundation for the fence do it yourself

Improvement of any country house, as well as the adjacent land plot, implies their obligatory fencing with a reliable and attractive looking fence, which is a kind of visiting card of the owner. The support base of any fence protecting the structure from distortions and erosion is, as is known, its foundation.

The process of preparing the foundation for the fence with your own hands does not require much professionalism from the performer, as it comes down to an elementary pouring of the concrete base from readily available materials. All that is required of you at the same time is the observance of existing standards and building standards, the consideration of which will allow you to avoid accidental mistakes and other troubles.

Types of foundation bases

The foundation for the fence do it yourself Scheme of strip footing for the fence

Taking into account the fact that a reliable and sufficiently strong foundation is required for the future fence, its selection should take into account the main design parameters of the fence The foundation for the fence do it yourself The process of filling the foundation (in particular, own weight and height). At the same time, it is quite natural that with an increase in the dimensions of the building envelope, the load on its foundation foundation will also increase.

The search for a suitable for your fence and foundation type is reduced to the choice of one of the following options:

  1. tape-type foundations;
  2. conventional column supports;
  3. combined (belt-pole foundation);
  4. rubble support bases.

In the case of the arrangement of a massive fence, it is most reasonable to use a shallow strip foundation.

The foundation for the fence do it yourself Construction diagram

With a small weight of the fence, it is not necessary to fill the concrete tape around the perimeter. In such a situation, it will be sufficient to prepare several support pillars, poured into pre-prepared pit (the so-called column foundation).

This type of support base will cost you much less than a tape base and will not require any special labor costs.

The foundation of the column type

The foundation for the fence do it yourself Arrangement of the column foundation

For independent You will need the following materials and tools for making a column foundation:

  • well-sifted sand, cement and gravel;
  • metal shaped pipes 50x50 used as supports;
  • household (garden) drilling mechanism.

Preparation of the foundation is carried out in the following order:

  1. First, the site is marked for future fencing using pegs driven into the place of support and then stringing a strong twine between them.
  2. Then pits (pits) are prepared for support by means of a garden drill. For their preparation, it is advisable to use a drill, which allows to expand the bottom of the pit, which will prevent the installed supports from being extruded when the ground is frozen or thawed. For fences of various types, the depth of the pits should be in the range of 0.9-1.4 meters with a width of about 0.4 meters. The distance between adjacent supports should not exceed 2-3 meters; it is desirable that pipes with thicker walls be used as corner pillars.
  3. After this, you can proceed to the installation of the pillars and pouring their bases with concrete. After pouring the pipe with concrete, it is desirable to raise and lower it several times in order to evenly distribute the solution in the internal cavity of the support. At the same time it is allowed to move the upper part of the pipe in such a way that it, while rotating, describes a full circle.
  4. In the process of installing the pole supports, their position relative to the horizon should be monitored using the building level.

The foundation for the fence do it yourself How to install metal columns

Note that in order to increase the strength of the structure even before pouring concrete must be filled and carefully tamped with the so-called "pillow", which is made of sand and gravel. The preparation of the concrete solution itself can be carried out either manually or using a special concrete mixer, which you can rent in any building division.

After the foundation has been poured, you should wait until the mortar has completely “set”, which usually takes about 3-5 days (depending on the weather and the mass of the concrete poured). The subsequent hinge of the enclosing canvas on the installed supports is allowed to be made only after the final solidification of the concrete mix.

It is possible to increase the reliability and durability of the foundation for the fence, prepared with your own hands, if you close it with plastic wrap immediately after pouring. At the same time, the solution will solidify a little slower than usual, which eliminates its drying out and provides high hardness and strength of the foundation.The last two types of foundation bases (belt-pillar and rubble) are a type of the options described above.

We recommend reading:

  • fence made of corrugated flooring with your own hands with columns;


Useful material on how to make a basement for the fence:


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