Improvement of any country house, as well as the adjacent land plot, implies their obligatory fencing with a reliable and attractive looking fence, which is a kind of visiting card of the owner. The support base of any fence protecting the structure from distortions and erosion is, as is known, its foundation.
The process of preparing the foundation for the fence with your own hands does not require much professionalism from the performer, as it comes down to an elementary pouring of the concrete base from readily available materials. All that is required of you at the same time is the observance of existing standards and building standards, the consideration of which will allow you to avoid accidental mistakes and other troubles.
Scheme of strip footing for the fence
Taking into account the fact that a reliable and sufficiently strong foundation is required for the future fence, its selection should take into account the main design parameters of the fence The process of filling the foundation (in particular, own weight and height). At the same time, it is quite natural that with an increase in the dimensions of the building envelope, the load on its foundation foundation will also increase.
The search for a suitable for your fence and foundation type is reduced to the choice of one of the following options:
In the case of the arrangement of a massive fence, it is most reasonable to use a shallow strip foundation.
With a small weight of the fence, it is not necessary to fill the concrete tape around the perimeter. In such a situation, it will be sufficient to prepare several support pillars, poured into pre-prepared pit (the so-called column foundation).
This type of support base will cost you much less than a tape base and will not require any special labor costs.
Arrangement of the column foundation
For independent You will need the following materials and tools for making a column foundation:
Preparation of the foundation is carried out in the following order:
How to install metal columns
Note that in order to increase the strength of the structure even before pouring concrete must be filled and carefully tamped with the so-called "pillow", which is made of sand and gravel. The preparation of the concrete solution itself can be carried out either manually or using a special concrete mixer, which you can rent in any building division.
After the foundation has been poured, you should wait until the mortar has completely “set”, which usually takes about 3-5 days (depending on the weather and the mass of the concrete poured). The subsequent hinge of the enclosing canvas on the installed supports is allowed to be made only after the final solidification of the concrete mix.
It is possible to increase the reliability and durability of the foundation for the fence, prepared with your own hands, if you close it with plastic wrap immediately after pouring. At the same time, the solution will solidify a little slower than usual, which eliminates its drying out and provides high hardness and strength of the foundation.The last two types of foundation bases (belt-pillar and rubble) are a type of the options described above.
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