Garage construction is troublesome, but partly pleasant. At the very least, everyone who is passionate about construction works can enjoy the process itself. The construction of the garage begins, of course, with a drawing. And the foundation to it, as well as any other construction, is the foundation. Improperly laid foundation can destroy all the work, so you need to know all the details of its arrangement. In the article we will talk about how to fill the foundation under the garage with your own hands, consider the various options: tape, floating, rubble.
Two-car garage drawing
Monolithic strip foundation
There are many types of foundations for a garage. Theoretically, the builder can install almost any of them, with the exception of those that may prevent entry to the premises. Making the foundation for the garage with your own hands, it is better to choose a kind of it that does not require heavy equipment and a large amount of labor.
The most common option is a monolithic strip foundation. It is fairly light in execution, except for the abundance of earthworks. You can also make a concrete foundation, which is a kind of tape.
Tape foundations for a garage
Armature for tape type
Concrete is not immediately poured, but stages. At each stage, the concrete must be poured so that its layer is about 20 to 30 cm. When this layer dries out, you can do the following.
The process of creating strip footing in video format:
Construction of the concrete foundation
The concrete foundation of the garage is one of the most economical designs (especially considering that there are no expenses for the work of the construction team). For its construction will require cement and rubble stone.
Filling the slab foundation
The floating foundation is kind of tape design. It is perfect in the event that the garage will be built on not very reliable ground. Such a foundation will be able to withstand the fluctuations of the soil and the vagaries of the weather, as well as quite high loads.
What is a floating foundation? It resembles a reinforced concrete slab, which at the same time is recessed. For the construction will require cement, reinforcement or reinforcing mesh and roofing felt. In addition, it is necessary to stock the tool.
Structure of the slab foundation
There are three types of floating (slab) foundations:
The most economical option is the first. The second option, especially collapsible, is expensive. The average in terms of strength and cost is a monolithic slab foundation with stiffeners.
For not too large garages, a simple floating foundation is also suitable. It will be indispensable on heaving soils.
In any case, after the foundation has been made, it is necessary to carry out hydro- and vapor barrier of the floor. You can also install and drainage systems.
If you decide to build a garage of foam blocks, then building a foundation for it should take into account the technical characteristics of the blocks. Foam block itself is a light material. Therefore, to build too powerful and heavy foundation is not necessary. In such circumstances, the type of soil on the construction site plays a big role.
For information on how to build a foam block garage, you can get more information in this article "Foam block garage."
Garage from foam blocks on the strip foundation
If the level of groundwater is below 2 m, then it is enough to build a strip foundation with a depth of up to 0.5 m. If the soil on the construction site is heaving, then the foundation will need to be made monolithic, as an option from a concrete slab. Why such a contrast, if the foam block itself is a light material? The fact is that this material does not tolerate bending stress. As a result, it cracks and collapses. And if the ground begins to move, then to prevent this, a concrete slab is installed on the foundation. As a result, the walls and the foundation will be one. The walls of foam blocks will never go to a break.
But there is one limitation. If you plan to build a viewing pit in the garage, the concrete slab is not suitable. In this case, you will need to build a combined foundation of pile-tape or recessed tape.
About the device of the floating foundation the following video:
The photographs show various options for arranging the foundation under garage:
Reinforcement of the foundation
Foundation for a frame garage
Under the garage of the blocks
Under the cinder block garage
Production of slab construction
Tape under frame garage
Metal pile foundation
Columnar for garage
Construction of the foundation on the slope