Spiral staircase do it yourself + photo scheme

Modern spiral staircases, distinguished by their special originality, also have a number of practical advantages and stand out noticeably against the background of traditional (marching) structures. Firstly, they take up much less space in the room, and secondly - for their construction you will need much less material than it consumes on an ordinary staircase.

When building a spiral staircase to the second floor, you will have to take into account a number of specific parameters such as:

  • pillar construction;
  • method of mounting steps;
  • configuration and height of the restrictive handrails and balusters and much more.

Note that the construction of a ladder made of wood or metal is quite capable of even a beginner.

Features of the design

Spiral staircase do it yourself + photo scheme

The operating experience of the screw structures suggests that the most convenient are the stairs with a span of about one meter. As a result, the diameter of the entire screw design (taking into account its placement around the central rack) should be about 2.3 - 2.4 meters.

Spiral staircase do it yourself + photo scheme Screw construction

Of particular interest are economical stair designs, the steps of which are fixed to the central rack and equipped spiral handrails mounted on balusters. In comparison with this option, the stairs with other types of support part (without a central pillar) are more complex in execution and will cost you much more.

As regards the shape of the screw structure, it does not have to be round in cross section. You can also select a polygon with sides adjacent directly to the walls. Steps can be mounted in the thickness of the wall with the help of special hinged fasteners (linings).

Materials used

Spiral staircase do it yourself + photo scheme

A conventional billet with a diameter of 50 millimeters with walls at least 4 mm thick is used as the central pillar of the metal structure. In the "wooden" version, the role of the central pillar is played by a column made of any kind of solid wood. In addition, popular materials such as concrete, brick, or natural stone can be used to equip the center pillar.

Spiral staircase do it yourself + photo scheme Original steps

Handrails for handrails can be made of both glulam hardwood and ordinary metal. In the individual staircase structures all of the above materials may be present in combination. Like railings, gangways can be made of both wood and metal (even the option of making them from thick tempered glass is possible). For the manufacture of stairs suitable for any building materials, characterized by high strength.

Work steps

Spiral staircase do it yourself + photo scheme Screw construction arrangement order

The order of work:

  1. First of all, the central post is mounted, on which the intermediate sleeves are fixed together with the treads.
  2. After that, the steps are evenly distributed around the entire circumference of the constructed structure.
  3. Then you can proceed to the installation of support brackets mounted in series on each of the towering steps. At the same time, the last step is rigidly fixed directly in the interfloor overlap.
  4. At the final stage of work, installation of balusters and rigid fastening of handrails is performed.

At the end of all these operations, you will get a ready-for-use stair construction.


Spiral staircase do it yourself + photo scheme Additional Recommendations

For a safe, durable and convenient construction should take into account the following recommendations:

  1. We advise you to exclude such an optional detail as the steps from the design of the staircase. In this case, the foot will not slide off the steps even in the narrowest places.
  2. The height of the staircase should provide the possibility of free movement on it.
  3. The rack must be placed on a support platform capable of supporting the total weight of the structural elements and a minimum of two people. At the same time, its fastening in place should be as rigid as possible.
  4. The presence of overlap between adjacent steps will further strengthen the structure under construction; for this purpose, it uses special brackets mounted between the front and rear edges of adjacent steps.

We advise you to read:

  • how to make a staircase to the second floor;
  • how to paint a wooden house.

Video: how to quickly install a spiral staircase


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