A septic tank in a country house is needed. You can build it without calling a professional brigade, but not alone, but with a couple of true friends. Because the construction will require a lot of physical costs. In this article we will explain how to independently make and install a septic tank.
The device of a septic tank
A septic tank is a device that serves as a sewage treatment plant. It consists of two - three cameras. Stocks flow through them sequentially, clearing. Installation of such a system seems to beginners to be something complicated. Actually arrangement of a septic tank is just a lot of hard physical labor. There is nothing complicated about it. Make a simple three-section design can and beginner.
In general, there can be several at the dacha types of treatment facilities.
Installation at the site
The septic tank is ready. Now it can be exploited.
Ideally, the station should be located at a depth that is below the ground freezing level. If this was not possible, then the system must be further warmed.
Cleaning the septic tank
To efficiently clean, need to understand the principles of its work. In the septic tank, waste and fecal masses are transformed into sludge under the influence of special bacteria. They reach the final stage of processing.
One of the main problems encountered in private areas is the silting and clogging of the septic tank. Often this is due to the death of bacteria, which are used for recycling. Bacteria could destroy bacteria with chlorine. To clean the camera, you can use special preparations. Usually they contain all the same bacteria for sewage. By restoring the balance of bacteria, you can solve the problem of clogs.
If the contents of the cleaning chamber became hard or a crust formed inside it, then deal with it can be exactly the same with the help of bacteria. Before placing the drug inside the chamber it should be diluted with water.
Poorly affects the work of the bacteria, manganese. Its action is similar to the effect of chlorinated water.
Septic tanks, whose design is based on storage tanks, are very easy to clean. To do this, you only need to remove the old waste tank and put a new one.If the system is not cleaned by itself, then it is necessary to resort to a compulsory measure using sewage disposal machines. Pumping is performed by vacuum drainage pumps.
Sewage system at the cottage
The average life of a septic tank without cleaning is from 3 to 10 years, depending on the amount of waste.
A septic tank allows the owner of the dacha to fully utilize the benefits of civilization outside the city. Board houses and cesspools are long gone. Modern technologies allow you to create a complete sewage system outside the city. Thanks to her, she can take a shower and a bath in the country house, build a real toilet, use a sauna and much more. A home septic tank can be done in about a week, and people will use it for years.
Modern cameras for cleaning work for quite a long time without any - or failures, provided that all rules of operation are followed. If there is any malfunction, then the septic tank owner can eliminate it. Most often, devices fail due to clogging fractions. In order to solve this problem, it is necessary to properly inspect the unit and clean it.
Repair of a septic tank is as follows:
The operation of the septic tank
A normal power outage can cause many problems. In this case, the septic tank stops working for a while. Silt masses can simply dry out. This will lead to the fact that the system completely fails, and you have to call specialists. However, the master himself can clean the device. However, in the event of serious blockages, it will be necessary to dismantle it for complete cleaning.
In order for the septic tank to work properly, you need to monitor it. Approximately 3 times a year, it is necessary to pump out excess waste with a drainage pump. This is not a very difficult operation, so the owner can handle it himself. Also, periodically have to clean and change filters. Approximately it should be done once a year. Aeration system elements need to be replaced once every 10 years. With proper care, no problems will arise. During the period when electricity is not supplied, it is better to limit the system load to a minimum.
The choice and installation of a septic tank will be discussed in the following video: