Laminate flooring makes the interior of the apartment attractive and modern. Beautiful and practical material is quite simple in the care and installation, but with the manufacture of the basis for it will have to work hard. To ensure high-quality laying of slats, it is necessary to level the subfloor as much as possible. Changes in its level can cause loosening of the laminate system. As a result, gaps will appear between the panels, and over time the coating will finally break down and require replacement. The substrate under the laminate can not compensate for significant pits and protrusions, therefore, should be carried out smooth and durable screed. After reading this article, you will learn how to make a screed under the laminate with your own hands.
Make a solid foundation under laminated lamellas having a flat surface can be done in several ways:
Before beginning making screed under the laminate need to carry out preparatory work on the layout of the room. Using a bubble or laser level marks the horizontal level of the surface. You need to focus on the highest point of the subfloor.
Before starting to lay the mortar, the surface must be cleaned - remove all rubbish and sweep dust. The base is primed with a special compound that improves adhesion. Laying a layer of waterproofing will reduce floor moisture. This factor is important for the laminate, excessive moisture penetrating through the screed will damage the base of the panels. The second reason for performing protection from moisture is to prevent it from leaking to its neighbors. For this procedure, suitable plastic film, laid over the entire area with an overlap of 30 cm, the joints are glued with tape. Canvas waterproofing should go on the wall. If you do not plan to perform waterproofing of the entire floor, then fix the special tape on the walls so that it protrudes 15 cm above the screed. Another option for protecting walls from damp is to coat them with special polyurethane mastic.
Exposing beacons for a tie-down scheme
Next, metal pre-fabricated beacons are exposed. Guides are installed parallel to each other at a distance of 1-1.5 meters, this value depends on the length of the rule used, if its size allows, you can position the profile at a greater distance. Choosing places for lighthouses, try to arrange them so that the end point is at the entrance. When installing them, check the horizontal level more often. This will be the most crucial and time-consuming stage of preparation, because the accuracy of the installation of the guides will determine the evenness of the base under the laminate, and drops are excluded here. Metal beacons are stacked on a layer of cement mortar, the distance from the wall to the nearest lighthouse is 50 cm.
Preparation of mortar
The concrete mixer will allow you to prepare a good solution with little effort. The proportions of the components of the mixture for screed 3: 1, for three parts of the sand there is one share of cement grade M400. Increasing the amount of cement is not worth it, it will not lead to the strengthening of the screed, but to its cracking. You just need to dilute the mixture of cement and sand with water and turn on the unit, after a few minutes everything will be ready to perform the screed. The resulting solution should not be too liquid.
It's time to figure out how to make a tie under the laminate if the floor has differences of more than 2 cm per m 2 . The finished solution has the consistency of thick cream, it spreads between the lighthouses and is drawn by the rule, the ends of which slide along the guide beacons. In the process of distributing the solution, it is necessary to ensure that there are no voids left. If plasticizers are added to the solution, it will be easier to reach. Work on leveling the poured solution occurs before the formation of a flat surface. Moving from row to row, you need to perform a screed throughout the room.
If a large number of defects remain after the alignment rule, you should pour another layer and stretch the solution again. Small cracks and irregularities on the surface are cleaned with a trowel and trowel.
Alignment with the long rule
When the whole room is covered with a cement-sand screed, walk the long rule leveling the overall floor level.After the solution grabs, and it will be possible to move around it, the lighthouses are taken out, their place is sealed with the same composition as the entire floor. The screed is left to dry; this can take a period of 10 to 20 days. The difference in term is affected by:
We propose to watch a video illustrating the process of making such a tie:
The screed alignment under the laminate is performed using a self-leveling mixture consisting of a balanced system of components and allowing you to quickly smooth out all minor irregularities. The self-leveling floor is used when the difference is not more than 2 cm, it makes the surface smoother. Before applying the leveling compound, the coupler is primed, this will allow to bind the two solutions more tightly and reduce the consumption of expensive material. The mixture for leveling is prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions, the work is performed by a mixer. The finished solution is poured onto the surface and rolled out with a special spiked roller. This contributes to the simultaneous alignment and removal of air bubbles.
The self-leveling mixture dries quickly, you need to pour and distribute it in a short time.
Such a surface will be perfectly flat and will provide a reliable base for the screed.
A perfectly flat screed will turn out
The laying of the laminate will start after the full floor has dried and its smooth surface is ready to the laying of the substrate and does not require additional work on alignment. You can look at the video in which the skilled builders or simply experienced craftsmen reveal the subtleties of work.