Nowadays innovative technologies allow creating analogs of various natural materials. The quality of the finished product is so good that it can easily replace the original. For example, decades ago, natural wood was used to decorate cottages and dachas, terraces, and landscaping areas around the pool. But, as you know, wood does not tolerate temperature drops, humidity and various atmospheric influences very well. Moreover, the tree is rotting. However, modern technology has allowed to create a material that is similar to natural wood, but has much more advantages. This decking or decking is a natural covering that is designed for outdoor use. Thanks to the terrace board, you can create a smooth and beautiful coating of wood, which is characterized by increased resistance to external factors. We will tell you more about this material and how the decking of the terrace board is done by yourself. But It is worth noting that every home master can perform such work.
Due to its composition , decking has a great advantage over plain wood. The material combines all the advantages of wood and plastic. What is the advantage and what does such a board consist of? Its composition, like properties, is unique. It includes the following elements:
The production process of a terrace board
Such a composition makes the material ideal for outdoor use. After all, natural wood is short-lived, as it is constantly amenable to negative impacts. Due to different temperatures, moisture, wood pests, as well as external factors, wood loses its shape, aesthetic appearance, strength and color during operation. But the terrace board is not threatened. It will serve you for a long time, without losing its original appearance and qualities. Let's look at some of the benefits of this material.
Rich color palette
The only disadvantage of a decking board is its high cost. In stores you can buy this material within 2-4 thousand rubles for 1 m 2 , but wooden products are 4-6 times cheaper. But It is worth noting that the quality in our case is higher than the price. Everything is justified by the fact that composite materials will last you much longer, they are of higher quality, and their functionality is so much higher than wood materials that the high price is not even considered as a minus. Everyone knows that you have to pay for quality. But having done this once, you will forget about the remaining problems that will arise with a wooden coating.
As stated in the instructions, before installing the decking, it should be placed for two days in the place where it will be installed. This is done to adapt the material so that it acquires the temperature of the future environment. It is also not recommended to perform installation work during the winter period of time when the temperature drops below zero. And in order to increase the operational life of the coating, you need to ensure good ventilation. Between the base and the future coating you need to make a recess at the level of 20-30 mm.
The board must acclimatize
If you plan to lay the boards in contaminated areas where there is sand, earth or grass, it must be thoroughly cleaned. For a composite board, it is better to prepare a concrete base, smooth and reliable. And during installation, we recommend using quality connection elements.
To successfully complete the installation of decking boards, you need to stock up on such materials:
Assembly elements of the terrace board
Also for work you need to have such tools:
With all the necessary tools ready, you can begin the basic installation work decking
Preparation of a quality foundation
Set the decking to unprepared surface, it's like playing football without a ball - it's useless. Therefore, in order for the work to take place comfortably and correctly, it is necessary to provide a solid foundation. The main requirements for the base on which the boards will be laid are strength, perfect evenness and smoothness. As a base, you can choose a cement screed, wooden beams, plates or metal logs. When in the place where the decking is laid, grass grows, the soil should be covered with a special material or treated with herbicides.
An important point is the arrangement of drainage, which is also extremely necessary so that water does not stagnate. Your base should be made with a slight bias, which is 1.5-2˚. If you want the water in the form of precipitation to flow over the surface without obstacles, the bars must be installed parallel to the descent.
Mounting lag for decking
On concrete base need to install support logs and fix them with anchor bolts. The maximum distance between the lags should be 40 cm. In places that will be subject to increased load, the distance can be reduced to 20-25 cm. It is also important to observe a 20 mm clearance gap between various obstacles, such as walls, thresholds, curbs, etc. Thanks to the gap, in the hot season, the boards will be able to expand freely.
Mounting option lag
If you want to install the decking diagonally, the logs should be fixed in steps 25 cm. Check the installation log with a building level. Even if your base is quite level, you should not neglect the horizontal check, because all future coverage depends on the correct installation of the support lag.In order for it to be even and not to “walk” under your feet, the logs must be perfectly aligned.
Installation of the first decking
How only you have installed the logs in their places, leveled them and fixed, you can proceed directly to the installation of a terrace board. As mentioned above, it is very easy and simple to do this:
When everything is ready, the boards are firmly fixed and ready for operation, you can smooth out all the “jambs” and give the structure a complete and attractive look. To get started, take the end caps and close all the gaps around them. Just snap it all the way into each board from the end. Then the boards will look harmonious, and water will not penetrate into them.
If you do not want to buy end caps, you can use the cheaper option - end the strap. It consists of the same material and has the same color as that of the decking. The plank is attached to the floorboards with self-tapping screws.
The third way to hide the gaps in the ends of the boards is composite corners. They are attached to the boards like a plinth.
At the end, when the plugs are already installed, the surface needs to be cleaned: wipe it with a damp cloth to remove dust, chips, and other contaminants. At this work on the installation of decking boards finished. The installation process is slightly reminiscent of the installation technology of the wall paneling, only in our case it is necessary to provide gaps for ventilation.
You need gaps
It is worth noting that Incorrectly assemble the entire structure, it is possible to significantly reduce the service life of the material. In order not to throw money away, it is important to avoid some common mistakes.
Proper care is needed
If you do everything properly and properly care for the terrace board , it will serve you for more than 25 years. This care includes:
Ideal for finishing the terrace
How You see, installation of a terrace board can be mastered by every person who is able to hold tools in his hands. If you follow the instructions and strictly adhere to the rules, the work will not seem too difficult. Qualitatively laid decking will last you a very long time. It is resistant to the sun, increased moisture, insects and mechanical stress. Moreover, the coating is able to withstand heavy loads. This is an ideal option for finishing the terrace in your home.
If you have questions related to the technology of laying decking, write them in the comments. They will be reviewed by our experts, who will be able to give you a comprehensive answer in the shortest time possible! We hope that the information from this article was useful for you, and thanks to it you will be able to self-lay the decking board.
See how the installation of decking board on piles is carried out:
And here you can see how to install the MultiDeck decking: