Are you a country owner? If yes, then you know that in the country to do without a hoe-block (or a shed) is simply impossible. In it, you can store supplies, various tools, agricultural tools and garden items. This is a necessary building, and if you do not have it, you can think about its construction. Moreover, you can build a hozblok to give their own hands, since special work and special skills are not required. We suggest you study the material that will help you to make a barn from start to finish.
The control block drawing
The building block can help you solve several problems:
All of this can be achieved through planning. A shed can be one of the 3 types of buildings listed above, and can include all of them. It all depends on your needs and desires.
You should not assume that the shed should be inconspicuous and ugly. You do not need to set a task to do it with minimal expenses. Thanks to the efforts and work, you can make a wonderful hozblok that will not be inferior in beauty and functionality to your country house.
When making drawings, think about the size, height and number of compartments you need. Moreover, when designing a building, remember that it must meet the following criteria:
Hozbloki from a bar
You will not spend a lot of money on the construction of such a barge, therefore When choosing a material, stop on a wooden bar. This is the most common and suitable material. For example, buildings from a usual board will not stay long. But hozblok on the foundation with a frame of timber meets all the requirements and will serve you for many years.
If you can not make a project of your dog house, use the world wide web. Especially for those who do not know how to do projects, people put ready-made drawings. They can be downloaded for free or bought for a symbolic amount.
To create a hoe-block, prepare such tools and materials:
purchased to make a hozblok, the dimensions of which are 6 m long, 3 m wide and 3 m high, with a lean-to roof and two interiors, you need to prepare such materials:
This is the end of the preparatory work. The next step will be the correct location of your cabins.
Planning of the suburban area
It is clear that to build a utility block on your own, you do not need special cash deposits. But be prepared for the fact that the construction process will take away your time and effort. To make work faster, ask for help from households or neighbors. However, just prior to construction, you need to choose where to place the barn so that it is comfortable and meets the requirements. Building norms and rules (SNiP) at 30. 02. 97 paragraph states that:
If you neglect such requirements, you may have serious problems when you want to sell your plot. In this case, the state will refuse to execute a sale transaction with buildings until their placement complies with the standards in force in the territory of the Russian Federation.
Having chosen the optimal place, we smoothly proceeded to the main question of how to build a building block at the dacha. Let's find out.
Pillar foundations from within
So our the goal is to build a building of 6 * 3 * 3 m. Since the building itself will not produce a special load on the foundation, it can be made columnar. To make it easier for you, we will divide all the work into separate stages.
This completes the foundation installation work.
Assembly and installation of the grillage
The frame must be assembled from bars, the cross section of which is 150 * 150 mm, its size will be 6 * 3 m. The frame will consist of four sections, 1.5 * 3 m in size. The bars, which form the frame, are interconnected by grooves " in the wood. " They need to be fixed with special two (if the frame is installed on the anchor) or four (if installed on the reinforcement) wood screws. To install the frame on the foundation, in the right place should be made holes for the protruding reinforcement or anchor.
In order to ensure sealing, one should put 1-2 layers of roofing material on the poles so that its edges protrude 10 cm. They need to be bent down so that the water runs off and does not accumulate under the wooden bar. Before you put the frame on the foundation, the wood should be covered with an antiseptic - put at least 2 layers of drying oil. Then the frame is installed and attached to the foundation. The length of the frame you need to install three lags "half-timbered" from a bar 100 * 100 mm, in increments of 135 cm.
To build the frame, wooden bars with a cross section of 100 * 100 mm and 100 * 150 mm are required. For the convenience of further roofing, mount frame timber need different heights. The front side of the frame will be 3 m high and the back side 2.4 m. Thus, it will be easy for you to install the rafters for a single-sided roof.
Assembling the end frame The first step is to assemble the same end walls. In each of them will be an opening for the window. To the frame of the rack are fastened vertically with galvanized steel corners, 130 * 10 mm or 105 * 90 mm in size and self-tapping screws. First you need to put the corner stand, whose height is 3 m, and the cross-section of 150 * 100 mm, narrow side to the end. To do this, it is necessary to make a hole of Ø10 mm and a depth of 50 mm in the bottom in order to fit the timber on the reinforcement that protrudes from the frame. The same holes must be made in the other three corner bars. Departing 1 m from the corner, you need to fix the other two bars, the cross section of which is 100 * 100 mm and the length is 2.4 m. The distance between them should be 0.6 m.The last on the end wall will be a corner bar that sits on the armature. Its height is 2.4 m, and the cross section is 150 * 100 mm. All racks are fastened corners. And in order for the design to be strong and rigid, between 1 and 2, 3 and 4 racks it is necessary to make struts with a cross section of 100 * 100 mm. To do this, the ends of the struts need to be cut at an angle of 45 ° and attach them to the frame and racks with the help of bolting. Be sure to put a washer before tightening the nut. Between the 2 and 3 racks you need to insert window beams, the cross section of which is 100 * 50 mm. The first bolt is installed at a height of 1 m from the frame, the second - at 1 m from the first. The second end frame must be assembled in the same way. As a result, you should have, as in the figure.
Assembling the front of the frame Now you can assemble the front frame. Level the main pillars with a height of 3 m. There should be four of them, two of which are already standing in the corners. It remains to establish two medium racks. From the extreme posts you need to retreat 1.8 m and fix them. So that they do not stagger, for a while connect them with a board on nails or screws with each other. Since the hozblok will be divided into two separate sections, you need to make the window opening in the middle and the doorways on the sides. The door frame will be 2 m high and 0.85 m wide. Therefore, take a stand 2.4 meters high with a section of 100 * 100 mm and set it at a distance of 0.85 m from the stand. Do the same on the other side. In order to strengthen the structure, set diagonal braces between the 2nd and 3rd pillars. On the other hand, do the same. Next, you need to install window racks. Again, take a timber 2.4 m high with a cross section of 100 * 100 mm and secure it at a distance of 0.37 m from the third pillar (which is 3 m high). Then retreat 0.85 m from the installed rack and set the second one, exactly the same. It remains only to insert the horizontal bolts. Fix the first one at a height of 0.8 m from the frame, the second - 1 m from the first. Now the front side is ready, you should go out as shown.
Top trim Now make the rear facade. Since the corner posts with a height of 2.4 m are already standing, it remains to put 2 intermediate, with the same height and section of 150 * 100 mm. Step from the end of the stand - 1.8 m. After that, install two braces between 1 and 2 of the rack and 3 and 4.
It remains to make the top trim, for which you need a 100 * 50 mm bar. Mount it at a height of 2 m from the grillage (frame). To do this, pieces of timber need to be fixed vertically between all racks around the perimeter. It is necessary to connect them end-to-end, fixing with a reinforced steel angle and screws. As a result, you should have such a wooden frame, as in the figure on the right.
Fixing rafters and lathing
Assemble rafters more convenient and easier on the ground. It turns out, you will mount them on the rack frame in the finished form. In order for the roof to have a visor that will protrude around the perimeter, take rafters 5 m long with a section of 100 * 50 mm. Connecting them to each other will be crate of 30 mm edged boards. Rafters are placed in increments of 0.85 m. The crate does not necessarily attach tightly to each other. It all depends on the roofing material. If its mass is small, the distance may be greater, but if it is large, the boards fit more closely.
To install the roof, in the racks on which it will be supported, it is necessary to cut the slots at an angle of 10 °. Why 10 °? Because the height difference between the front and rear pillars creates exactly this angle. Before you install the roof, you will have to sew up its overhangs and eaves with a edged 30 mm board. After this, make the floor using a floorboard. It is possible to use both nails and screws. In the racks make holes for screws. To raise the finished roof up, you can use logs, which must be placed behind the building. On them the design is lifted up, the rafters are installed in the grooves on the racks and everything is fixed with self-tapping screws.
Now, when the frame is completely ready, it remains to perform the outer casing. Lining is suitable for this purpose. Then you need to lay the roof covering that you choose, insert the windows and install the doors. To separate the two sections inside the hozblok, make a frame-shield partition, using a half-tree connection. Fiberboard or plywood sheathed ceiling of the building (you need to fix the materials with screws). Optionally, you can sheathe base, using asbestos cement sheet. And if this is done from the inside and outside, filling the space with expanded clay, then it can be insulated with mineral wool or foam. Then the building will be much warmer, which will allow using it not only as a warehouse.
If you like this project, write to us in the comments.You can also share other options that can be realized on your own!
Watch a video on how to build a barn to give yourself:
This video shows the construction of a wooden hozblok:
Manufacturing of the hopper
Shed at the cottage
Hozblok with toilet for giving
There is a compartment for firewood
Hozblok with room
Hozblok at the dacha
The structure of foam blocks
Hozbl k for giving
The wooden hozblok opened with wood stain
What can be in hozbloke
Design drawing with shower and toilet
Bath project with hozblokom
Drawing 5 * 2. 8
Drawing of the shed 3916 * 2928
Drawing of a single-shed roof hopper
Drawing of the hopper framework
Construction from a bar