Before you clap the bath with clapboard, you need to pick up wood. The appearance of the walls, the ceiling and the healing effect that is observed after visiting the bath will depend on the type of wood.
Scheme of the interior cladding bath clapboard.
Experts recommend carefully choosing the class and profile of the wall paneling. It is made from coniferous and hardwood trees. The choice of a breed depends on the characteristics of the room. It is recommended to sheathe the bath using hardwood, as they are more resistant to increasing air temperature. Plating cost depends on the price of the selected material. The most economical option will be pine, and expensive - cedar. Covering the sauna clapboard do-it-yourself saves the budget. The following materials will be required for such work:
Types of lining.
The method of installation does not depend on the type of wall paneling. All slats are mounted on the frame. There are several options for their placement and fasteners:
Vertical placement requires horizontal fastening of the framework bars. Horizontal placement requires attaching to the walls of the framework bars vertically in a row, perpendicular to the slats. Diagonal layout requires a similar placement of the frame, but the bars should remain perpendicular to the slats.
The bath casing can be made correctly only when choosing a diagonal and vertical placement of the material.
The humidity level in the sauna is higher than normal. Thanks to the choice of such a layout, it is possible to ensure the runoff of water. She will not stagnate between the material. In rooms with lower levels of humidity, horizontal casing is used.
Experts identify the following methods of fastening the slats:
The scheme of fastening the lining on the klyaymer.
In the first case, hammering nails into the grooves of the boards and drowning them with a soaking post increases the likelihood of damage to the planks. It is recommended to use this method if you have the necessary skills and experience (due to its complexity). On one board will require 6 nails.
Klyimer fastening is one of the most convenient and simple methods for fixing a wall panel. Installation will be carried out quickly and securely, and the strips can be dismantled if necessary without damage. Clips are required to attach the sheathing to the bars, using screws or nails.
A through-fastener option is used for shelves or for seats in the bath. The screw is screwed directly into the bar. Because of this, holes are formed on the surface of the material. Its external characteristics deteriorate. Such a method is not used for covering the walls of the bath.
You can drive nails directly using the appropriate wood profile. To do this, use Euroboarding or soft online. The spikes, which are tight to the crate, are driven in by nails, at an angle of 90 degrees, and are heated with a doboy. The probability of damage is lower than with oblique driving.
Finishing of the sauna or bath, when following the instructions, is carried out quickly. At the first stage, they are engaged in preparation. Next - set the frame. At the third stage, the insulation material is laid and the slats are installed. In the fourth - the surface of the lining is covered with a protective compound.
A plan for installing the wall paneling on the ceiling.
Preparation begins with leveling the ceiling and walls if there are drops of more than 2 mm per 1 m on their surface. Leveling is done with putty or plaster. Experts recommend covering the surface of even walls and ceilings with means to protect the bath from fungi and mold. Then communications are laid which can be hidden behind wooden panels: electricity and water supply.
Next, you need to purchase materials: lining, bars, fasteners, metal hangers and products that provide steam and heat insulation. It is advised to bring the clapboard into the bathhouse for 2 days so that the wood adapts to the indoor climate.
A wooden bar is used for the batten. The cross section must be selected, focusing on the thickness of the insulation. It is desirable to cut the bars with a length of 500 and 1000 mm, but if necessary, the aspect ratio can be changed. Due to this, they will be fixed on the walls "vzrazbezhku", providing greater structural strength. Then markings are made on the walls for metal hangers. They should be arranged in rows with a step of 40-50 cm. There is a gap of 30-40 cm between the suspensions.
Fastening plan of the wall paneling.
It is necessary to purchase metal parts made of galvanized iron. The use of ordinary metal elements leads to the gradual appearance of rusty stains on wood. Bars are recommended to be treated with a composition that protects the surface from the occurrence of mold and mildew.
Next, holes are made into which the dowels are inserted. Suspensions will be attached to them, to which the bars are attached. The way of crates depends on the type of fixing lining. Bars in the same row, it is desirable to mount with a small interval. Due to this, between the rows will be able to circulate air.
Experts advise to start the 1st row of the batten of the bath with a long bar, and the 2nd row - with the short one. The frame should be located in the same plane. All rows are vertically checked using a level. Large swings require laying pads under the bars. Then the bath is insulated. Foam glass is used for this. The material has sound and heat insulation, is resistant to moisture, does not emit toxic substances when heated and does not require a vapor barrier to be applied on top of it. The cloths are overlapped and glued with aluminum tape.
Pre-cut slats. At the 1st board spike is cut off, and it is set in place. Finishing begins with a corner. The first bar is set in the corner with a cut and fixed with a kleimer. They must be installed on all boards. Subsequent boards are inserted into the grooves of the previous strips, lined with a hammer and fixed with klyimer.
Protective compounds can be made on the basis of oils or wax. Finishing material requires careful maintenance, without the use of solvents or abrasives. Heavily damaged boards are replaced by new ones. Over time, the skin must be re-coated with a protective compound.
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