Once you began to notice that the switch in your house is too high or not in the place where you would like. Every time you have to either lift your hand up high or make your way to the other end of the corridor to turn on the light. In this article we will explain how to move the light switch to another place, consider the options, both with the use of wall chaser and without it.
Moving the switch to the
side Maybe you the very thought that carrying a switch has many problems is frightening. This is drilling a hole for the switch, cutting grooves (grooves) under the new wires in the wall, where they must then be hidden under a layer of plaster, respectively, gouging out old wiring, etc. All these problems are straining. But all of them can be overcome if this very transfer is done consistently, slowly, with the necessary tools and, most importantly, not to be afraid. And so, having suppressed all fears in yourself, you decided to move the switch yourself. Where to begin? First of all, you need to decide on a new place where you want to install a switch. For example, you want to move the light switch lower or to the side.
We select the right tool:
If you have an old aluminum cable, then you should not buy copper. The difference in materials will lead to corrosion in a twist, which sooner or later will cause the destruction of the contact itself with all the problems arising from this. Also, the wires to be connected should not be of different cross-section or, otherwise, you will have to use soldering, welding or a terminal connection, which personally complicates the task of transferring the switch. If the electrical wiring in the house is aluminum - we buy aluminum cable with a cross section of 2.5 mm 2 , but if copper - we buy a copper cable 1.5 mm 2 .
Connection of copper and aluminum wires
For connecting heterogeneous wires can use terminal boards.
In addition, you still need a flashlight, since it will be necessary to de-energize the whole house and work, you may have to be in the dark. So, everything we needed to transfer the switch we collected. After the house is de-energized, proceed to disassemble the switch. First we remove the keys. To do this, use your thumb to press the lower part of the key to the switch, and with the index finger we catch its upper part and pull it towards us. Do not worry, such manipulations should not lead to damage. Although, of course, it happens that you cannot do without a flat screwdriver, nevertheless, it is better to do it with your hands.
switch keys And here the keys are removed. The next stage is a decorative frame, which is pressed against the black insert. This is a kind of latch. And here we need a flathead screwdriver. Gently and gently hook the insert, and it should easily click off. Only a little remains: remove the switch core from the wall. To do this, loosen the mounting feet. We can do this by starting to loosen the screws on the sides. Do not have to turn long. Just turn the screwdriver once, and the legs will loosen.
The entire core easily stretches out of the box, just loosen the screws on the mounting feet and pull it slightly towards you.
And now the switch is removed from the wall. First of all, we check if there is voltage in the contacts. This can be done using a voltage indicator (screwdriver-probe). If everything is in order, proceed to the final stage - disconnecting the supply wires by unscrewing the fastening screws .
It will be just fine if the disconnected wires, now protruding from the old socket, end up being quite long (at least 15 cm) so that they can be easily connected to the cable prepared in advance. Then the role of the junction box will play the old hole of the removed switch. It will remain to interconnect the wires and push them back into this box.Now let's move on to another process - to drill a new, already pre-marked hole for a floor plate, where we plan to install a switch.
When drilling a hole for a podrozetnik punch or hammer drill, be sure to switch to drilling mode and in no case use the "combined with slotting" mode.
Puncher with a crown for concrete
For this case we have a crown for concrete (diameter 68-70mm). Now you can begin shtroblenii grooves in the wall under the wiring. However, before hammering, you need to make sure that there is no other cable in the wall, say, from the junction box to the outlet, otherwise, solving one problem, you will inevitably create another. How to find out about this hidden wiring? With the help of a contactless voltage detector, which will "tell you" with the help of a light indicator about all in-wall surprises.
The strobe is made by a perforator
We assume that there were none - you can safely cut through the groove, not forgetting to switch the hammer drill to slotting mode. Since we are dealing with one cable, and not with a bundle of these cables, we will not have a wide strobe (the depth and width of the groove should not exceed 25 mm). It can be made to fit the width of the wiring itself. The advantage of such a narrow channel is that the wire in it does not need to be specifically fixed, and the plaster mixture itself needs quite a bit to seal the grooves. And now our cable is already hidden, and the next step is to gloss over the mounting box in the hole. For this process, we already have alabaster. After the alabaster mixture has dried up, and the underside sits tightly in the “burrow”, we proceed to the installation of the switch core.
If the switch did not work very well, you can try to repair it.
Clamp the wires
Assemble by the same principle as dismantling, only reverse order:
Most often, the two-button switch should be set so that in the end the common contact (phase) is on top. Contacts in the core of the switch can be defined as follows: the phase is on one side of the switch, and the two terminals that go to the lamps - on the other.
Indicator screwdriver Now with the three wires going to the switch, you need to determine the phase. To do this, turn on the voltage for a short time and with a screwdriver-probe, - but not with an ordinary screwdriver, - check which of the wires has voltage. That wire, from touching the probe, will give a light signal, and there is a phase signal. It can be accurately marked with a specific color.
Don't forget to turn off the voltage again and only then proceed with the installation!
Now that we have reset the switch and fixed it to a new place, let's do the old hole. There are two options. First, you can use a decorative cover purchased in the same hardware store. As a rule, the holes on the lid coincide with the holes in the bottom plate. Therefore, it will not be difficult to fasten the cover and thus close the old hole. Secondly, you can use all the same alabaster and just cover the hole with this mixture. Which of the options you like - choose for yourself.
If you need to move the switch to another place, not lower, not higher, but generally to the other side of the wall or corner, we can say that all these recommendations and tips also apply in this case.
When installing the switch to a new location, it must be remembered that the new location of the device should be close to the junction box, since the length of the horizontal stroke should not exceed 3 meters.
PVC cable channel
But what if you want to move the switch without shtenirovaniya walls. Is it possible? Maybe. But only in the event that to use the laid on equipment.
Plinth with cable channel
It should be understood that the main advantage of overhead switches is that it is possible to do without complicated operations , because of which, as a rule, you have to sacrifice something. Firstly, cleanliness in the house, and secondly, facing materials (wallpaper, tiles, wood panels, textile coverings, etc.), which, one way or another, will have to be barbarously torn off, broken off, torn off.It is important to note that the applied equipment, if necessary, will always be easy to move to another place convenient for you. But what about wiring? Where can I hide it, so that it is aesthetic and at the same time protects the wires from damage? wiring. Such plinth easily understands.
It is impossible to install a contact switch in the immediate vicinity of heating appliances and heating systems, as well as in those places where there is a danger of water ingress. For durability, it is best to use screws at least 2.5 cm long when mounting the electrical overhead equipment. When installing the switch on the tile you need to use a special drill for the tile.
Follow the guide from the article, and you will see that nothing complicated in the performance of such work there.
Watch a video on how to move a switch in a plasterboard wall:
Thanks to this video, you will know how to move an outlet or switch to concrete wall: