At the end of the main work related to the construction of a country house, its walls and ceiling have an unfinished look and need preliminary preparation for their subsequent finishing. Regarding the preparation, it should be said that the technique of its arrangement is individual for different categories of residential buildings and should be considered separately for each of the possible variants of building structures.
Based on the foregoing, before making such a ceiling , you must first become familiar with the technology of its manufacture for various types of structures, such as, for example, capital structures with concrete floors or buildings with wooden beams.
In addition, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the order of arrangement of any structures also depends on the material used as a decorative finish.
When overhauling an old dwelling (and often when preparing in a new house), the surface should be first cleaned from foreign layers up to concrete slabs. This spatula removes all irregularities on the surface of these plates, as well as cleans the seams formed in the places of their joining. The ceilings in the houses of the old building are previously washed away from whitewashing or cleared of layers of paint.
The seams are cleared
In some cases, you have to completely remove the worn plaster layer, but in In any case, you will need to get a relatively flat surface on which you can later apply or mount a decorative coating of your chosen type.
The prepared concrete ceiling
All subsequent preparatory operations are carried out, as a rule, in such order:
Variants of floors
Prepare the draft yourself the ceiling in the house with wooden floors is not difficult. All works on its arrangement, as a rule, are carried out in the following sequence:
At the final stage of the construction work, pre-prepared logs are laid directly along the beams, and then the attic flooring is laid.
It should be noted that the filing on wooden beams, as well as the formation of a multi-layered overlap cake, are made taking into account the purpose of the attic space. Small structural deviations from the above scheme will be observed if it is used as an attic, for example, or when arranging the so-called "cold" attic.
Foam plates as insulation
But for any use case of under-roof space, hemming boards they are attached to logs with the help of long nails driven "into the thrust" and with a minimum gap.
Attic overlapping of a cold attic scheme
Different versions of the ceiling in this case can be reduced to the following options:
Pie of a draft ceiling
Known that the height of the ceilings in wooden houses is usually not enough for their living conditions to be considered normal. In this situation, filing the bottom of the wooden beams is uneconomical in terms of using the floor structure to increase living space.
With decorative beams, the scheme the top of the beams using a special batten. Such a decision, of course, will radically change the appearance by using protruding beams as elements of room design.
Details about the ceiling device in the video: