Now it is fashionable to independently make furniture at home, and every year the number of home craftsmen increases. Someone prefers to buy blanks and from them to assemble the necessary furniture, and someone does all the work on its own from beginning to end. Homemade bed can be very simple or with intricate shapes and patterns. It is not only a matter of skill and availability of equipment - personal preferences and financial capabilities play an important role. In this article we will explain how to make a bed with your own hands from various materials.
In order for the product to be enjoyable and they can be used for a long time, the case must be approached very responsibly, realizing the limits of its capabilities. It is necessary to choose a suitable model and prepare the tool with the material used
Depending on which material is selected, certain tools will be needed to work with it.
As for consumables, let's talk about it separately, considering this or that model.
Question of choice
Materials for making beds:
The above materials can be used both individually and collectively. So, the metal bed can be equipped with wooden backs, and the product from plywood is assembled on a frame from a bar. The options can be many, and in more detail you can figure it out by reading the article.
The first step is to clearly define what the size of the future bed will be, given its location. It is possible that you are modernizing the bedroom, changing its design, then you can move away from the usual patterns of bed placement and find a new place for it. If so, then pay attention to a number of tips that will help in this.
It may give the impression that there is no room left for the bed in the bedroom, but this is not so. We only gave recommendations, and you yourself decide how they are relevant in your case.
Homemade wooden bed
Do not be fooled by the seeming simplicity of design. You need to tune in to the fact that you have to work a lot to make a bed out of solid wood. If you are determined, then there is every chance to do something original, while saving money. It is quite natural that at once it is not easy to determine the design of the bed, so first look at a few photos of wood products.
This is how a wooden bed looks like without a mattress
Using turned parts
A simple wooden bed
The back is made from a cut of the tree trunk
Using tree trunks
Use of a spliced board in the manufacture of a bed
Use of wild wood
Some elements of the bed are artificially aged
On massive woods these legs
Bed from a bar
Wooden bed with a semicircular backrest
A single-piece board
is used to make the backrest Wood is opened by stain and varnish
Using a cut board
Bed without legs
To make such a bed, you have to work hard
When you choose a product you like, you can find a similar drawing on the Internet or draw it on your own about, considering the room size and personal preference. Often, homemade craftsmen take a drawing of the bed and rework it for themselves, removing or adding something.
If you are not going to sleep on the boards, then when planning the size of the bed you need to take into account the dimensions of the mattress. If it has not yet been purchased, then this must be taken care of in advance or on standard sites you can find out the standard sizes and start from this data. If you plan to make a bed of non-standard sizes, it is important to know what the mattress will have to do on an individual order.
A custom-made mattress is a bit more expensive.
It is clear that in a relatively small article it will not be possible to describe the manufacture of several wooden beds, and we do not even strive for this. Based on the above example, it will be possible to understand how to build a bed from an array.
Let's consider an example of making a wooden bed under a mattress 200 * 160 cm, if there is a minimum of tools - only the most necessary ones.
The actual size of the mattress is often different from that stated by the manufacturer, and in a smaller direction. When purchasing a mattress, measure it, and then adjust the size of the bed to be made.
If there is no drawing with a bed that fits the size of the mattress, then you can use any one you like as a basis, remaking it to fit your size. If the design is very simple, then you can draw a sketch yourself.
Assume that after checking the dimensions of the mattress, it turned out that its length and width is one centimeter less than the declared - 199 * 159 cm. It will take the following material:
Having a clear idea of the quantity and size of material required, you can go to the store for it.
You can assemble the frame on the floor or on four stools.
This is how the frame is assembled
So, we need to make a rectangle with internal dimensions 200 * 160 cm that corresponds to the dimensions of the mattress + 1 cm tolerance. Each side of the frame will consist of three bars assembled into a single structure.
Fasten the bars of the third row
Installing the cross-member
At the manufactured bed there are 4 legs located at the corners , but for security, you can set the fifth point of support in the center - then the base will not bend for sure.
Bed installation on legs
Securing the bottom rails
Small gaps are made between the boards so that the mattress does not sag and ventilate
The bottom also needs to be treated
You probably noticed that we still had 3 boards left. From them we will make the back, as in the photo.
The height of the backrest is 45 cm, and the width is 170 cm, but this is not important, since it will not be a single unit with the bed - we will fix it on the wall to the level of a mattress.
Its production is not complicated at all. Three boards are sawn at 170 cm. Of the scraps we make 11 boards of 45 cm each. If there are not enough boards of 45 cm each, then one board can be screwed on 2 boards of 40‒42 cm. Just like beds, you need to give the backrest a presentable look. Varnishing it.
This is how the finished bed looks like
The back can be hung with hooks, only in this case it will knock against the wall. More practical is to firmly fix the back on the wall. Now you can use a wooden bed.
Making chipboard structures can seem very complicated, due to the nature of this material.If you cut, grind and glue the edge at home, then there are some difficulties, especially with cutting chipboard, as it is possible to damage the decorative layer. Many problems can be avoided if you make a drawing in advance and order the manufacture of parts in the furniture workshop. Houses will only build the structure.
This time we will look at the process of making a small single bed with two drawers. Here is an example of cutting a standard sheet of chipboard for one bed.
Layout of a sheet of chipboard
You can make book shelves or something else from the rest of the plate necessary in the economy.
So, we have a ready-made set of parts that need to be assembled to make a bed.
Such turned out blanks
To perform the work, you need the following tool:
Consumables are also required:
Now we proceed to the assembly.
Since the mattress will be used 200 * 70 cm, we will adjust the available slats to the width of the mattress, making them 70 cm long. As a result, there will be 12 pieces.
Bar cut to size
Ten corners must be attached to the corners on one side.
So the corner
is attached to the bar. First we will manufacture the drawers that can be pushed under the bed. First of all we will collect a framework. To do this, we will decompose the blanks so that the part glued over with the edge is at the top. When assembling it is important not to confuse the parties. Well, if the edge is not glued from the end of the inner part, then you will not mix it up. If the edges of the parts are glued in a circle (which is wrong), then you need to try to fold the box without twisting it, and then attach the bottom. Making sure that everything matches, you can proceed to the assembly.
Departing from the lower (or upper) edge of the order of 3 cm, you need to drill a hole with a confirmation drill. This should be done carefully, as one awkward movement - the detail will be spoiled. The thickness of the laminated chipboard is 16 mm, so we deviate 8 mm from the edge of the workpiece, drill a hole slightly with core, and without the slightest deviation.
If you have never collected furniture from chipboard, first practice on unused sheet residues.
In the manufacture of the boxes we will use 2 confirmets on the side
Combining the parts, we get such a box.
The frame of the box
In order to fasten the bottom, eight confirmets will suffice - 2 on each side . These boxes are not designed to store very heavy things in them, because plastic rollers are not designed for this.
Screw the bottom of the confirmatics and set the rollers
It remains to attach the handle and install the rollers. One box is ready, now the second is being assembled in the same sequence.
Using a wide handle is more convenient.
Putting the finished boxes to the side, we will begin to assemble the bed. Since boxes will be installed on one side, 3 parts need to be assembled together, using 3 confirmats on each side.
Assembling the bed frame
As a result, we will have such a "bench".
The lower part of the bed is assembled
Now we will assemble a decorative box, thanks to which the mattress will be fixed. This part is not as high as the bed base, so 2 confermats will be used for each side.
Putting the top of the bed
Upper part assembled
We put the resulting frame on the bed frame so that it does not interfere with opening the drawers, and join them together from inside with 3.5 * 30 mm self-tapping screws.
The frames are fastened with self-tapping screws
It is necessary to nail plastic legs.
Plastic legs in their places
Let’s proceed with the manufacture of fins. At the front of the frame it is necessary to draw a line from one edge to the other along the height of the bed frame. Now we will fix the bars with the corners fastened to them every 13 cm, so that their lower part is exposed along the line.
Instead of fins from boards, you can use a chipboard cut to size.
To the front wall, the fins are fastened with self-tapping screws
After this, 30 mm screws will remain screw the bars to the opposite sidewall.
To the back of the bed, the slats are fastened with self-tapping screws
You can start using the bed by folding the boxes .
The bed is ready
As you can see, with the right approach, it will not be difficult to assemble a bed from chipboard home conditions. The design can be of any size, as in the following video.
Beds made of pallets are now in fashion. At first glance it may seem that this kind of construction would be appropriate only at some provincial cottage, but this is not so, because the beds from the pallets can be found in houses with a rather rich furnishings.
From words to the case. Consider one of the options for assembling beds from pallets. How many will they need? It all depends on the size and design of the manufactured product. So, a single bed with legs can be made from 2 pallets, and without legs - from 4 pallets. For the manufacture of our double bed, we used 8 pallets.
If there is such an opportunity, then you need to select the most complete pallets. They need to oshkurit.
Pallets need to be sanded
All pallets should be painted using non-toxic paint on wood. Since the wood is very hygroscopic, it is most likely that pallets will need to be opened with paint 2–3 times.
Paint the pallets
If there is such a desire, you can open the blanks with varnish.
Painted pallets can be opened with varnish
Having laid the first row of pallets, you must fasten them. If the wood is very strong, then holes are drilled under the screws.
Fasten the pallets of the first row
Then the second row fits.
Second-row pallets must be set so that they are flush with the bottom
All pallets are stapled together using metal plates, fixed with screws on the tree.
We bond the joined pallets
We fasten the upper pallets with the lower ones
Thanks to this simple technology, you can make quite a decent bed out of pallets.
Finished bed of pallets
You can also make back pallets.
Bed with a back
You can assemble some furniture from the remnants of pallets and install it near the beds. In general - who likes what.
You won't surprise anyone with plywood products, but you can make furniture out of it at home. We will use sheets of the FSF brand, as not every plywood is suitable for making a bed.
Sketch of a bed made of plywood
Consider an example of making a bed for a spring mattress 1900 * 900 * 200 mm .
The thickness of the plywood used can be 12, 15 or 18 mm. Thin sheets can be used when fixing plywood with screws. From 18 millimeter plywood the bed will be stronger, but very heavy, therefore it is preferable to use sheets with a thickness of 15 mm - they are much stronger than standard laminated chipboard.
As for the tools, they are the same as for working with chipboard. Instead of screws, you can use screws on the tree.
The side wall of the back side of the bed is large in height. This is done so that the drawers under the bed do not rest against the walls. If there are no boxes, then the side walls can be made the same.
From the existing sheet of plywood you need to cut out the parts corresponding to the drawing.
Drawing plywood beds
If you prefer, you can use laminated plywood. In this case, it is important to consider that it is not easy to cut such a sheet at home without damaging the laminated coating. In addition, then the edges without fail will have to paste over the furniture edge.
For cutting plywood, you need to use a file with a small tooth, and jigsaw to lead slowly - so we get an even cut without chipping.As a result, we should have parts of such sizes:
Bed made from laminated plywood
If instead of a spring mattress on the frame to use soft, then from plywood you need to cut the bottom and fasten it to the bars from above.
As you can see, there is nothing difficult in making a bed of plywood.
If you have some skills as a welder, you can make a metal bed. We will not even consider the bolted connection option, since such a product is very quickly loosened.
Look at the photo of a folding metal bunk bed. Agree that it looks very presentable.
Metal bunk bed
For its manufacture such materials were needed:
In addition to pipes, a primer for metal and hammer paint was purchased.
One of the advantages of such a bed is the absence of bent parts, so a pipe bending machine is not needed to make it.
If you buy pipes, and not use those that have lain for several years in the garage, then do not stop your choice on rusty ones, since then they will need to be cleaned for a long time.
Since the bed is collapsible, it is possible to make its parts in parts. Let's start with the backs.
Now we proceed to the manufacture of shelves.
Fence of the second tier
The fence will not have a rigid attachment to the rack
The turn has come to put the construction together, for this we will use a little more welding.
Since our bed is collapsible, we will make universal fasteners for it.
A self-tapping screw
will be screwed in here. You also need to make a small ladder, the dimensions of which can be arbitrary.
We need to make and fasten the ladder
We also fasten the bottom with a bolt
If the bed is made for children, its length can be significantly reduced.
As you can see, at home you can make a beautiful and durable metal bed.
If you want to do something original, you can use forging elements instead of standard shaped pipes when making a bed.
Metal bed with decorative elements
Using decorative elements
Such parts are sold in specialized stores or made to order. Good results can be achieved using bent parts, and you can bend them yourself.
A simple bed with bent-pipe backs
Double bed with bent pipe backs
A person may have a wrong opinion that the legs of a metal bed will look rough. If you set a goal, then this element can also be made very attractive.
Decorative trimming of the legs of a metal bed
Incorrectly chosen bed can cause a lot of inconvenience. Here are some tips from experts in this field:
Since we are talking about a mattress, there are some nuances of choice here.
As for the design features of the bed, it is a matter of personal preference and convenience. In a small room you can place a bed under which there will be drawers, foldable or pull out from the podium. In the large room you can give free rein to the fantasy by making a wide bed.
A single bed is installed when it is planned that only one person will sleep on it , whether child or adult.Also in the same room there can be 2 or more beds, for example for two children. Anyway, you first need to decide what design is suitable, and then take up the manufacture. Help in this can make homemade single beds.
Wooden bed with plywood base
A simple single bed
A single bed of pallets
Single bed from Chipboard
Bed of logs
For the manufacture of this bed used wild uncut tree
Homemade bed in the form of a machine
The original children's bed
Simplified version of the nursery car beds
As a rule, married couples sleep together (at least for the first few years), and so that on this bed it was comfortable to sleep, you need to take care of its size and design. Look at the photo exhibition of double products.
In this model, the bed does not have sides to hold the mattress
A simplified version of the bed
Homemade bed in the interior
A very simple bed
The legs are made from a tree trunk
A transforming bed in the form of a cabinet
A bed is easier to make without backs - it can be mounted on the wall
Two-bedroom Naya bed in the form of a swing
Double wooden bed
Double bed of pallets
Usually a double bed is made for children. It can be either a simple bed or a fairytale castle in which the child will sleep with pleasure. Choosing the design of this kind of children's bed, you need to think about the convenience and design.
Bed of bars
Children's bunk bed
Wooden bunk bed with the same furniture
Bed for sleeping and playing
Children's bunk bed from chipboard
Children's bunk bed-transformer
Children's bed transformer
Children's bunk metal bed
Metal bunk bed. Bottom double
Unusual design of the double bed
Bunk bed from a wild log
Bed in the form of a hut with an attic
Sketch of the frame of a double lifting bed
Sketch for a wooden beds with nightstands
Drawing of the bed with nightstand
Bed sizes with an orthopedic lattice
Drawing of a children's bunk cro ATI
Drawing of the double bed
Schematic arrangement of details of a bunk bed
Method of fastening wooden parts of the bed
The diagram shows the method of fastening the wooden parts of the bed
Children's bed attic
Bunk bed for an adult and a child
The children's bed is made of particle board and is covered with wallpaper
Bed with sliding part
Chipboard bed with a retractable part
Chipboard bed with drawers
Bed with backrest