How beautiful your apartment will look like depends largely on the evenness of the ceilings. Even if you decorate the walls and floors with expensive material, the unsightly ceiling will spoil the whole look. To fix this, you can use drywall. This method, in contrast to the use of plaster and putty, is considered more economical and simple to perform. And we will show you how to level the ceiling with drywall.
The ceiling needs to be prepared
How to level the ceiling using drywall - called "dry". Easy to do with your own hands. The essence of this method is to create suspended structures that will hide all defects.
This design is created in two stages:
First of all, you need to prepare a draft ceiling. If you have a reinforced concrete base, then seal up all the large cracks and cracks. This will improve sound and heat insulation.
In the presence of wooden structures, a thorough inspection is necessary. If the tree is rotten, then it must be replaced. Otherwise, the boards may not withstand the load of the suspended structure. It is also desirable to treat the surface with an antiseptic solution. This will prevent the growth of microorganisms and fungi.
Set of tools
For work, you will need materials and tools:
The frame on the ceiling
The frame is being mounted in several stages:
The step of the bearing profiles is calculated from the sizes of the standard sheet of gypsum cardboard. As a rule, this value is 120 cm. As a result, each sheet will be attached to the frame in at least four places.
The carrier profiles must be positioned across the room (along its short side). At the same time it is necessary to achieve parallelism of all profiles. This is easy to do with stretched fishing line.
If the room has a significant area, then additional support profiles need to be fixed. To do this, use the additional elements of "crab" or "direct suspension", they attach the profiles to the ceiling. Such elements are mounted in steps of 1-1.5 meters.
Drywall sheets are easy to work and installation. They are easily cut with a hacksaw or a sharp construction knife. Give the sheet the desired geometry is not a big deal.
Alignment of the ceiling with drywall will not hesitate if the profile is made correctly and evenly. Sheets are attached with cap screws. At the same time it is necessary to maintain a pitch of 20 centimeters. At the joints of the sheet screws are placed in a checkerboard pattern. Heads of self-tapping screws need to be drowned in the sheet. This is convenient to do with the help of special attachments, called "lampshade". Such a device allows you to hide the cap to the desired depth without damaging the material itself.
Drywall sheets must be staggered. This achieves great structural strength.
After all sheets are mounted, the seams are machined. This is done with putty and reinforcing mesh. Then the entire surface is puttied. The methodology of this process can be found by viewing the video.
Leveling without using the frame
There is a technique for leveling the ceiling using drywall without the frame. In this case, the sheets are glued to the ceiling with glue. Additionally, you can fix the drywall dowels.
If the ceiling is wooden, then you can fasten the sheets with self-tapping screws directly to it.
This method is much more complicated. You will still have to level the big bumps with plaster. Regulation of sheets in the horizontal plane occurs due to the thickness of the adhesive layer.
This technique is used very rarely. Firstly, it is very laborious. Secondly, the resulting construction is unreliable. If the neighbors on top of you flood, then the sheets can just fall off.That is why most often ceilings are leveled using a frame. This method takes a little from the height, but the design will be perfectly flat and durable.
This video shows how to assemble a ceiling made of plasterboard and Knauf profiles when all the profiles are in the same plane: