Mold - this is a fairly common phenomenon. Constantly growing spots not only look unaesthetic. Mold brings many more problems: unpleasant smell and harm to health. In this article we will describe the main ways of how to get rid of mold in the apartment on the walls, ceiling, wallpaper.
Can be the cause of various diseases
Among the most common ailments that can occur in every person living in a flat with a mold, there are:
It is pointless to engage in their treatment, since it is necessary to eliminate the root causes - mold. Getting rid of mold forever, you can say goodbye to disease. To solve this problem, it is necessary first of all to find the cause of its appearance and reproduction. Most often, the reasons for its formation are in elementary things: a constant high humidity and a weak ventilation system.
Mold around the window opening
Despite the fact that today innovative materials are used in construction , it does not always save from the defeat of the fungus. Most often the mold can be found:
The first sign of its manifestation will be a peculiar smell: sharp and moist. Dark spots appear after the unpleasant smell.
If the problem with normalization of humidity in the room and arranging the proper ventilation system is not solved, the mold will appear at a certain frequency.
Cleaning with the use of detergents
If you purchased an apartment with "problems", then before you enter it, you need to learn how to remove the mold and take all measures to eliminate it. In particular, the main tool is general cleaning:
If this complex is not enough, then the whole house will have to be cleaned. Auxiliary substance that will help remove the fungus on the wall is ordinary baking soda. A hard metal brush should be dipped in soda and treated with an infected surface. This option is considered one of the most effective and at the same time safe, so it can be used to clean children's rooms, as well as upholstered furniture. In the latter case, it is necessary to replace the metal brush with a foam sponge.
Cleaning with soda
You can not remove soda residues from surfaces, since small particles will prevent the formation of new pollution.
Another universal home remedy can be called vinegar. They should clean and disinfect the surfaces in the kitchen. To do this, dilute it in water and, wetting a soft cloth, wipe:
To get rid of the unpleasant and sharp smell of vinegar, just add a few drops of any essential oil to the solution.
Tea Tree Essential Oil
If, however, we are talking about eliminating mold on the glass, tile or plumbing, it is better to give preference to ammonia. Take special care when working with ammonia in an enclosed area, as with the wrong proportions, you can breathe in harmful vapors. A more potent agent is bleach (whiteness), which contains chlorine. With it, you can clean only unpainted surfaces in the house, as highly aggressive particles can remove the color coating.
It should be noted that not all surfaces can remove deposits. There are those that mold permanently damages. In this case, they will be easier to throw or burn. So, if the mold is found on wallpaper, books, wood products and upholstered furniture with loose upholstery, it is better to remove them from the apartment.
Cleaning work on the elimination of the fungus should be carried out with rubber gloves and a respirator, as if spores get on the skin or respiratory organs, poisoning can develop.
To get rid of the black mold that is most common, you can use the simple tools that every hostess has:
There are a few more ways you can remove mold growth. But it is worth noting that some of them are toxic, so they should be used only as a last resort and with extreme caution.
After any kind of cleaning, the surfaces are washed with clean water and rubbed dry.
Special funds from the store
of the above methods of cleaning enough to solve the problem. But you can not always be saved by folk remedies. In this case it is worth going to the hardware store and consider the corresponding assortment there. Among the most popular brands are:
They are all presented in the form of liquid solutions and are sold in ordinary plastic containers with a spray bottle installed. This allows it to be used at any time without harming the environment. But, nevertheless, it is worth remembering the safety rules and strictly observe the technology of application. In order to decide which of them will work more effectively in your case, it is necessary to study the composition, instructions for use, as well as the general information that the manufacturer provides for familiarization.
More expensive products include steam cleaners that quickly cope with living organisms in the shortest possible time. Because of the high price, this method is suitable for an enterprise or organization.
It is necessary to ventilate
After you have done a complete cleaning of the apartment with your own hands, you must take all precautions to prevent mold from reappearing. To achieve the desired, it is enough to solve only a few questions:
It is recommended to prevent the re-emergence of the fungus to treat surfaces with special preparations - biocides. They destroy various microorganisms and spores.
It is possible to clean the apartment from mold yourself, but only if the infected surface does not exceed half a square meter. In advanced cases, it is recommended to use the services of specialists who work in the relevant organizations and instances.
By following the above recommendations, you can begin to combat unpleasant odors. For example, you can use scented candles. In addition, other measures need to be taken:
Whatever, try to remove the source of the smell.
Moisture in the apartment or poor-quality drying of clothes can lead to mold on the clothes stored in the closet. It will apply to all wardrobe items, from which a stale smell appears. Over time, the mold will damage the fabric of the clothes and you simply have to throw away many items of clothing. As already mentioned, the cause of mold on clothes can be its poor-quality drying. In addition, mold can form in the washing machine and cupboard.
If you have things that are impregnated with the smell of mold, then they must first be dried in the sun. Then stick them in the detergent designed to remove odors. Then dry the clothes in the sun again. To prevent things from drying in the closet again, lay them in sheets to dry. They absorb moisture, thus preventing the formation of mold. To the effect of such sheets was expected, you need to timely replace them.
How to deal with clothes
If it turned out that the washing machine smelled like a mold, then the the simple thing you can do is not to close the lid of the machine after washing. If this does not help, then in the drum you need to pour a cup of white vinegar or bleach (you can even use a small amount of detergent for washing), and then rinse it with warm water.
If the towel is soaked with the smell of mold, rinse it in hot water with a glass of white vinegar. After these steps, wash it in a machine with a powder at high temperature. To dry a towel you need in the sun whenever possible.
If the source of mold spread is a cabinet, then you need to clean it. Washing clothes will not give any result.
If the mold has formed in the cabinet, then you need to remove all of the clothes from it, wash it according to the procedure described above, and closet clean. To maximize cabinet cleaning results, determine the cause of mold growth. For example, it may be condensation from the battery, which is hidden behind the cabinet, high humidity in the room or a damp cloth on the floor of the cabinet. If you eliminate the true cause of mold, then after cleaning the cabinet and washing clothes, there should be no doublet.
After cleaning the cabinet, leave the doors open from it so that the shelves and walls are completely dry. Install a dehumidifier or fan in a room with a cupboard. So, you reduce the level of humidity in the room.
Aromatic spices against the smell of mold
After that, you need to process the shelves and walls of the cabinet with a special solution. Prepare it from vinegar and warm water at the rate of 1: 1. You can also make a disinfectant solution from warm water and a few drops of bleach or some kind of cleaning agent.
Never mix bleach / whiteness with other cleaning products!
After disinfecting the cabinet, wipe its internal walls with a cloth that has been washed with cold water. Leave the cabinet open for 2-3 days, but do not fold into it until the clothes. Make sure that there is no moisture or moisture in it. If after all the events the mold and the unpleasant smell have gone from it, then you can continue to use the cabinet as usual. If not everything is so rosy, then clean it again or try to identify the cause of the mold. It may be necessary to reduce the humidity in the room.
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