Some people, trying to take a break from the bustle of the city, spend their free time at the cottage or move out of town altogether. Having become accustomed to civilized comforts in the house, and not in the yard, autonomous sewage systems are often arranged, however, cleaning sewers, like in an apartment, cannot be avoided in a private house, even if you are careful with sewers.
The methods for cleaning the system in an apartment and house are almost the same. But the presence of a sewage plan in a private house will allow to clean the pipes outside.
In most private houses, an autonomous sewer system is installed, which assumes that there is a vessel for waste and pipes with fittings in one area. The waste container can be represented by a cesspool or septic tank. Sewerage of this kind is ideal for homes that are far from central communications. For efficient operation of the sump, pipes with large diameter and characteristic parameters will be suitable. It is this feature that distinguishes sewer systems of private and multi-storey buildings.
Any plumbing is distinguished by its clogging ability at a wrong time. The presence of blockage is determined by the following features:
Depending on the reason, choose the most suitable method for cleaning. The main causes of clogging include:
The main methods of cleaning the sewage system in a private house include:
The effectiveness of the sewage purification method depends on the degree of blockage. Do not despair if the effect is not observed immediately, perhaps when choosing another method, the result will not take long.
With boiling water you can eliminate blockages caused by the ingress of grease into the pipes. Previously, before starting the procedure, it is necessary to determine the type of blockage. At the place of localization allocate a common or local. In case of general blockage, you will have to completely clean the entire sewer system. In case of local blockage, it is enough to clean only the problem pipe. When determining the type of blockage should observe the pipes throughout the house and make a conclusion.
Pour boiling water into the clogged pipe (approximate amount of water is 6 l), then check the drain. If the water began to leave, the problem of sewage clogging is solved. However, this way it is impossible to cope with a more complex problem. It is strictly forbidden to clean the toilet with boiling water, otherwise you may damage it.
Methods for cleaning
Every housewife in the kitchen has soda, vinegar and citric acid.
The process of preparing the cleaning solution is as follows:
When cleaning the sewage system, a combination of citric acid and boiling water or a pack of edible salt and hot water, as well as a pack of salt and a bottle of vinegar, is allowed. Citric acid copes with fatty particles no worse than soda.
Cleaning with boiling water
This method is quite original and unusual. To perform this action, a vacuum cleaner with the ability to blow air back is necessary.
To clean the pipes in this way:
For the mechanical method of cleaning the sewage system, special devices are used, such as cables, ventures, spirals, drills, loops, hoses. It is advisable to use this method if an item is stuck in the system. Starting to clean the sewage system, you must first stock up with gloves, a rag, a bucket of water and overalls. Place of work it is desirable to cover with oilcloth.
The advantage of using a cable is the good penetration ability of the object, but this method is rather laborious. Plumbing cables differ in parameters such as construction, length and diameter.
Using a cable, it is necessary:
Cables are divided according to their intended purpose - for a bath / washbasin and for a toilet bowl. It is more expedient to purchase a toilet cable, because it has a handle.
A worthy replacement cable can be a special cleaning machine that is designed to clean sewer pipes in automatic mode. But this technique is mainly used on an industrial scale.
The simplest household sewage cleaning option is to use a plunger.
The technology of this method is as follows:
This method involves the use of chemicals during sewage treatment. Such means include: "Mole", "Mr. Muskul", "Domestos", "Steril", "Tiret Professional" and others. In any hardware store some assortment is presented. When choosing, it should be noted that the main component of these products is caustic soda, and it eliminates the cause of blockage, eating away at it.
It is strictly forbidden to mix two products that differ in composition. It is dangerous for health.
Carefully refer to the instructions on the packaging of the product, which indicates for which pipe this tool is intended. The cleaning process consists of the following stages:
Do not forget about safety rules:
Using a plunger
The hydrodynamic cleaning method involves washing the pipes with water that is supplied under high pressure. To increase the water pressure in the hose using electrical or gasoline-powered equipment.
In this case, adhere to the following sequence:
The jet, being under high pressure, will push the blockage to the exit. If such a device is not available, then you can use an ordinary watering hose. After inserting it into the sewer and opening the water until it stops, you should attach the hose to the garden pump and perform similar actions.
Use of chemical preparations
Thus, choosing any of the methods of cleaning the sewage system, you should prepare in advance and purchase all the necessary materials so that the elimination of blockages does not become a global problem. You can face the problem of blockages less often if you carry out preventive measures.