Americans call the front door a "smile at home", and for good reason. After all, this is the first thing that greets guests. In addition, it protects against penetration and hacking. Therefore, when choosing, it is necessary to take into account all the details. Such a construction will last more than a year, and the safety of the house depends on how well all the details are thought out in it.
Before you make your final choice, you must consider the existing species. Conventionally, all doors can be divided into steel and wood.
Entrance doors must perform a number of functions:
Steel structures are strong and durable. These are their undeniable advantages.
Metal doors are cold bridges and have no sound insulation properties without additional protection. Wooden products, on the contrary, are less durable, but at the same time warm and protect from excessive noise.
Apartment owners often have a question about which door to choose. Is it possible to compensate for the shortcomings of both types? Of course, you can, if you approach the matter wisely.
Construction Today, no one installs wooden entrance doors. Wood can only be a decorating element. A design made entirely of such material does not meet safety requirements. Therefore, all modern products are made of steel.
Despite the fact that all doors are made of metal, there is a big difference between the designs. And it depends on the quality of the components.
The door consists of several parts:
The strength of a door is determined by several factors. One of them is the thickness of the steel sheets and their quality. So, inexpensive Chinese products can be opened very easily by cutting the sheets of "metal".
The best option is alloyed or hardened steel. Such doors do not break, a sledgehammer bounces off of them, and the drills simply burn. Hardened steel products are heavy, so they are often used in summer cottages or in cottages - this is a good choice for any occasion, but they are expensive.
The strength of the box depends not only on the thickness and quality of the profile, but also on the hands of the master. In most cases, only competent installation of the box is required.
In ordinary city apartments, no extra strength is required, because thieves here are unlikely to be wielded by grinders or drills. Therefore, it is possible to do with structures with a sheet thickness of less than 2 mm. Hinges in these doors are ordinary. For cottages, it is better to choose loops on the leverage system.
Economy Class Door Most Apartment Owners set cheap doors. They have only one steel sheet - external. From the inside you can see stiffening ribs and reinforcing elements. It is assumed that the owner himself will conduct insulation, because in the original version the metal is an excellent conductor of cold to the apartment.
The economy option is not so bad if the steel sheet thickness and the quality of the metal are at a high level. Such doors will protect from the majority of robbers. However, they require additional work.
It is good if the apartment has second wooden doors. They will protect against cold penetration from the entrance. If they are not, then you have to do the insulation independently. For this, foam is best suited.The foam blocks must be measured and laid between stiffeners. From above, you need a decorating element.
It is necessary to carefully check the operation of the locks. Often in the cold season cheap doors wedge due to the fact that the locks are frozen.
When installing low-cost products, you need to monitor the quality of the platbands and the professionalism of the craftsmen who will perform the work. The box must be installed in the opening tightly, otherwise it is easily broken along with the door.
Types of hinges Hinges often become an object that attracts the attention of burglars. The easiest way to get into the apartment knocking loop. Therefore, before choosing an entrance metal door, it is necessary to look attentively at this element.
When installing a steel door, you need to count how many hinges you will need on the canvas.
If the design is massive and its weight exceeds 65-70 kg, then it is better to put three - four loops. If the quantity is not enough, then soon the door may begin to sag. The hinges will quickly wear out, and this will be the main vulnerability.
Various tricks are used to strengthen the loops.
Problems with the metal door
Iron doors open, as a rule, outside. This may interfere with the site neighbors. In addition, there is a law according to which it is prohibited to change the direction of opening in apartments. It may place residents evacuations in case of an emergency. Everybody violates this law, and nevertheless, some individuals are still punished for it. It is worth one of the neighbors to file a complaint, and the door can be dismantled by emergency services.