How to build a house on Canadian technology

As they say, everything new is the long forgotten old. This statement can be applied to the technology of building houses using Canadian technology. In fact, this method, which has recently attracted the attention of many of our developers, has been used here for a long time. And in Canada, from where the name of this technology has gone, even longer. The essence of technology is to create a frame house made of wood. Especially since everybody is able to do such a construction with his own hands, the main thing is to figure out what's what, buy material and get to work. This is because the construction is fairly light, and you can do all the work with a friend or family member, without hiring special heavy equipment. Every self-respecting man wants to build a house for himself and his family. Let's take a closer look at how to build a house using Canadian technology, what it is, and what stages of construction you need to go through. This information will help you realize your dream. And having done most of the work yourself, you can save a lot.

Canadian technology - what kind of beast

How to build a house on Canadian technology Canadian house frame

To begin with, I would like to talk about why we started building such frame houses as Canadian technology. After all, the truth is, this method of building low-rise buildings (up to 4 floors) is mostly used in North America, Europe, Australia and even Japan. Why is it called Canadian in Russia? The fact is that it got its name during the cooperation of the State Construction Committee of Russia with the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation. It was then that the rules were created for the construction and design of single-family houses with enhanced thermal characteristics. These were the timber frame houses that we now know. Such designs today are in great demand, as the cost of construction is very profitable.

The reason for the construction of these structures was the fact that it was necessary to keep the heat indoors. The climate of the northern countries dictated the importance of providing a higher heat capacity, which would become an alternative to the technology of heating the room. After all, whatever was used for home heating, during the heating season all the same it was necessary to incur substantial heat losses. To motivate the promotion of this technology was the fact that new technological materials appeared on the market, the main properties of which were to preserve heat indoors and to withstand low temperatures.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Construction of the frame house

And the last thing that played a decisive role in the application of Canadian technology - used for this building material. In those regions where there is a great need for such heat-saving buildings, there is more than enough building material. After all, the main material for the construction of such buildings is wood. It turns out that such houses not only save heat, but also are cheap. To summarize, the whole technology of Canadian house building is to make a house frame of wood and sheathe it with OSB panels or CIP panels (OSB panels, inside of which there is insulation). Thanks to him, the heat remains in the house, and extraneous noises and sounds do not penetrate it.

Advantages and disadvantages

How to build a house on Canadian technology This technology has advantages and disadvantages

The difference and dignity of this technology is that even without additional equipment in the room you can easily maintain and maintain a stable temperature. Given that living in such a house is quite comfortable in winter. And if you already have a heating system, then the living conditions are just perfect. As a result, you get an economical housing, for the heating of which requires much less resources than for houses from the usual materials built using standard technologies.

It was here that we came to the second advantage of such a house - its cost and maintenance. Wood is not the most expensive building material. In our area it is enough, moreover, it is natural and has a number of positive characteristics. To heat such a wooden house, you do not need a powerful boiler and the amount of resources for heating it is minimal. This will allow you to save money not only on the purchase and installation of a heating system, but also on the use of fuel for heating. After all, the heat in the room of the house, built on Canadian technology, will be maintained at a stable level and long enough.

How to build a house on Canadian technology The main material is the tree

Along with such important positive qualities, the following advantages can also be noted:

  • construction speed;
  • work can be performed in any season;
  • low labor costs and simplicity of work;
  • ability to construct projects of various complexity , building forms and configurations;
  • such a structure can be erected on virtually any type of soil;
  • there is no need to hire professionals and special equipment;
  • simplicity and accessibility of finishing works;
  • Orosz sound insulation properties;
  • ability to hide communications system under the frame plating, which will contribute to high performance design;
  • feature of all materials used in construction, is their ability to store and retain heat.

But, as you know, nothing can be perfect, and our case is no exception. The disadvantages of Canadian technology can be understood by a teenager as a teenager - if everything is made of wood, then there is a high probability that everything will flare up like a match, at the slightest opportunity! And indeed it is. And even all kinds of tools that give the tree fire resistance, not much save. Moreover, inside the CIP panels there is a heater that serves as bait for various rodents.

How to build a house on Canadian technology The heater attracts rodents

Judging by the reviews of those who have already built such a house and lives in it, it is not recommended to perform work in wet weather, so that CIP panels do not accumulate moisture inside.

As you can see, the advantages of this technology are much greater than the disadvantages. And if you decide to build your dream house that way, you will only stay in the black.

Of what materials the construction

How to build a house on Canadian technology CIP consists

As noted, The main difference of such a building is that the whole frame is made of wood. The main materials for it are:

  1. Wooden bars, which act as racks for the frame. Basically for this choose bars, the cross section of which is 50 mm and more. Their length depends on the size of the future structure. The most important requirement for this category of material is sufficient strength. And it is no coincidence, since these supports act as supporting walls, so they account for most of the load of the whole structure. When you choose material for such racks, pay attention to hard and durable woods that have greater density and durability.
  2. Cross beams. They must also be made of dense, reliable and solid wood. They occupy the second place in terms of transferable load; therefore, one should not save on material either. Cross beams must withstand the weight of wood panels, window and door frame designs.
  3. Wooden sheathing panels. They are shields that are firmly interconnected. Please note that it is for these structural elements that there is a specific requirement regarding the wood species. It is important that they are made of coniferous wood. It's all about the characteristics and properties of conifers. Wood has a resin that gives the material an increased resistance to moisture, and also prevents rapid decay. In the role of material for walls, CIP panels can serve - an innovative material that most often sheathes not only walls, but also the floor and roof.
  4. In order to successfully complete the construction of the house using frame technology, you will need boards to make the floors in the house. In rare cases, the foundation for the floor is concrete, on top of which parquet or laminate is laid. Among other things, in order to complete the construction work, you will need materials for the roofing and cladding materials - plasterboard, wallpaper, ceramic tile, etc.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Technology construction of a frame house

So, you need to know what is needed to build a house with your own hands. But where to start work and how to build your house quickly and correctly? Let's see.

Design and preparatory work

How to build a house on Canadian technology Design

Any construction begins with design, and our case is no different. The first thing you need to make a plan or project of the house. It’s impossible to do this without certain skills, because in such a business there are many of its own nuances, on which the strength, durability and safety of the building depend. Therefore, it is better to entrust such work to a qualified architect who will make all the necessary drawings, having listened to your desires, and will also be able to make an estimate, having calculated how much material you need and how much all this will cost.Of course, the price of such a service is rather big, but it's worth it, especially if you want to build a large house with various design features.

When you do not have additional funds for hiring a specialist, you can search for ready-made projects on the Internet. Only now you have to be content with what is. And here one must be extremely careful, since the origin of one or another plan is not clear. For reliability, do not use free resources, protecting yourself from low-quality material. Better yet, pay and be calm. Remember, a lot depends on the correctness of the draft.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Materials for construction

After the project is ready, you need to purchase all the necessary materials. Provide a special room or place under a canopy where the wood will be properly stored. You need to protect it from moisture. Now you should decide on the construction site and prepare it: remove all unnecessary, guide the light to the site, provide it with water and prepare all the necessary materials. Once everything is ready, you can start building the foundation of your future home.

The foundation for a frame house

The process of building a frame house according to Canadian technology, like all others, begins with the construction of the foundation and the floor for the house, which are the basic platform for the whole building. It is very important to do everything correctly, as the reliability of the whole structure depends on the foundation. Since the house of wood does not have great weight, do not have to make a massive foundation. However, in order for the construction to be reliably located on the ground and stable, the foundation needs to be made columnar or tape-like and provide good waterproofing.

How to make a column foundation? You need to buy asbestos pipes, which will be buried in the ground.

How to build a house on Canadian technology The solid foundation

So, the work process is as follows:

  1. Preparatory work. You need to make the minimum calculations, taking into account the type of soil, the depth of freezing and the number of floors of your house. Then prepare the surface, removing the upper fertile layer. Make the markup and mark the places where the pillars will be installed. The strength of the foundation depends on the distance between the supports. The recommended distance is 80 or 100 cm.
    When you make the markings, you need to pay special attention to the areas most exposed to the load: corners, walls, stoves.
  2. At the designated locations, make holes with a diameter of 20 cm and a depth of 100 cm. For convenience, it is better to use a special hand drill. The supports should sink 30 cm lower than the ground in your area freezes, consider this. Depending on frost, depth may vary.
  3. The bottom of the wells is rammed and a sand cushion is placed. Asbestos pipes, which are approximately 140 cm in height, must be inserted into these holes. Remember that the supports should protrude no more than 30 cm from the ground.
  4. Level all pipes strictly, fill the outside with earth and tamp. After that, prepare the concrete mix and fill it with pipes by a third. Dip two pipes of reinforcement into the pipe, which should protrude by 20-30 cm. Now it remains to fill everything up to the end.
  5. The final stage will be the installation of the grillage (lower piping). After the concrete has dried, lay a layer of roofing material on the pillars for waterproofing. On the supports you need to put the boards using the spike connection method in the groove. To the foundation of the board are attached anchor bolts. Fix all elements with screws.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Bottom trim of the frame house

Your base is ready, but you still need to make sure that bottom piping flat. Use the building level. Now you can proceed to the construction of the floor

The device floor in the frame house

To make the base in the frame house, you need to install logs. Therefore, in advance in the grillage it is necessary to make grooves in the places where they will be installed. Next, install the logs in their places, making a kind of crate for the base. You can use either boards, or a wooden bar, the size of which is 100 * 50 mm or 150 * 50 mm. You can choose products of other sizes, it all depends on the particular operation of the room and the level of load. You can fix logs with any fasteners: screws, nails, angles, self-tapping screws or dowels.

How to build a house on Canadian technology The floor in the frame house

In order for the wooden structure to not rotten over time, before installation process it with a special compound. Thanks to this, your home will last much longer.

It is possible to lay a SIP panel or plywood with a thickness of 20 mm on such a base. It is important to fasten the plywood or panel well to each support lag so that your floor does not creak when you walk on it.Please note that this work is best done on a sunny day, when nothing foreshadows precipitation. Otherwise, the plywood may swell from rain. Even after you have covered the entire floor, it is better to cover it with a film of polyethylene, if there is a possibility that it will rain.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Plywood

If you want your floor to be insulated, it is better to sheathe it with SIP panels, inside which there is insulation. This is done very simply: you need to install panels on the prepared logs. The feature of the panels is that they have grooves around the perimeter, due to the fact that the insulation in them is not flush. Therefore, you need to connect them with the spike method into the groove. To begin with, the outer surface of the plates must be covered with molten bitumen mastic. After that, each slab is placed in its place around the perimeter of the house. To connect all the elements together, you need to use a bar that will serve as a spike. It will be the connecting element between the two plates. Before joining the panels, an installation foam must be applied to the grooves of the panels. From two sides connection needs to be fixed with self-tapping screws. All the work you can do in a few hours. At the end of the perimeter, the ends of the panels should be closed with a strapping bar, which will give rigidity to the whole structure. For this, the void is blown out with mounting foam and a board of the required width is installed in it. For reliability, it is also fixed by screws.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Floor Warming

Building the walls of the frame house

First you need to make sure That the foundation you made is perfectly level. After all, all the irregularities will affect the structure of the building as a whole, causing distortions. Only then can you start building the walls of your house.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Building walls from CIP panels

It is better to use CIP- as the walls, adhering to Canadian technology panels whose installation is simple, and the future home will be quite warm. To make such walls, for a start, you need to make a bottom strapping on which the panels will later "slide down". The binding is done in accordance with the drawings of your home. Siding boards need to be fixed around the perimeter and throughout the house, so that they repeat the construction of the walls of the ceiling. Boards should have a width that would allow the CIP panel to enter it. After all, the construction of the walls will also occur using the spike method in the groove.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Building walls from CIP panels

The binding should be attached to the base with self-tapping screws. To measure the correct placement of the strapping, use a template from the CIP panel. After that, for reliability in the strapping and the base, a hole is made to the foundation and everything is fixed with anchor bolts. It is better to build walls from the corners of the house. The first panel is set on the level and attached to the binding bar with foam and self-tapping screws. Now seal the connection and install the second panel to form the corner of the building. Connect the panels to each other at the corner with 220 mm self-tapping screws. Now, according to the drawings, continue to build the structure in the same way as the floor. The plates are interconnected by means of a bar, which acts as a spike between the grooves of the plates. Do not forget about the window and door openings. After the skeleton is ready, the upper grooves of the panels need to be zapped and put there a tying board.

Now it is time to make the overlap, which can be done both from ordinary boards and from the same CIP panels. If you are building a two or three-story house, then after mounting the ceiling, continue to build walls on the same principle as the first floor. And when you build a one-story house, then it's time to start building the roof.

Construction of the roof of the frame house

How to build a house on Canadian technology Construction of the roof

As is known, the roof for houses are different:

  • single-slope;
  • gable;
  • flat;
  • dome.

These are not all species. But traditionally in our area do a gable roof.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Top trim

First of all, you need to install a power plate on the floor to which the whole truss system will be attached . As rafters, you can use boards with a thickness of 50 mm, and a width of 100 mm. To make a crate, take a board with a thickness of 25 mm and a width of 100 mm. Rafters are installed at an angle of 45-50˚. They can be made immediately on the ground or directly on the roof, so as not to lift them there.

So, from above the rafters are interconnected by an end connection with nails. To give them stiffness, 500-600 mm should be retreated from the upper connection and the bolt should be nailed to get the rafters in the shape of the letter “A”. Bottom ends need to lay on the mauerlat and securely fix them. Do not forget to make an issue of 200-250 mm.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Insulated roofing of a residential house

First you need to install the outer rafters, in front of the house and behind. To securely fix and stiffen them, additionally make stitching and running in the middle. Now place the rafters in the center of the house and nail the ridge board on top. It remains to install the remaining rafters. Please note that the rafter must be installed in increments of 500 mm. Sheath gables can be the same SIP-panels.

Now you need to make a crate. To fix the boards you need to the rafters in increments of 50 mm. Do not forget to make a release for the extreme rafters 200-250 mm. The crate boards are fixed with nails whose length is 60 mm. After the crate is made, lay one or two layers of roofing material on it to ensure waterproofing. At the same time, it spreads vertically with an overlap of 100-150 mm. It also needs to be fixed to the crate with small nails with a wide head. To insulate the roof, from below you can lay a layer of insulation, as well as protect it with vapor barrier tape.

The roof of a house made using Canadian technology can also be made with CIP panels.

How to build a house on Canadian technology Metal

Now you just have to lay the roofing material and sheathe the overhangs of the roof. As a roofing material can serve:

  • slate;
  • metal tile;
  • bituminous tile;
  • decking;
  • ceramic shingles

What to choose - decide for yourself. Start from your finances and desires.

To summarize

How to build a house on Canadian technology Frame house

Now the foundation of your home using Canadian technology already ready. As you can see, it is rather quick and simple to make such a house, the main thing is the desire and following the instructions. But on this construction of the house is not finished, you still have a lot to do. But all this is already according to the standard scheme, which is suitable for the construction of any home. You will have to carry out all communications, install windows, doors, perform internal and external cladding, etc. Nevertheless, the main work has been done, and you just have to be proud of how much you have already done. Such a house, made by Canadian technology, will stand for a long time!


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