As they say, everything new is the long forgotten old. This statement can be applied to the technology of building houses using Canadian technology. In fact, this method, which has recently attracted the attention of many of our developers, has been used here for a long time. And in Canada, from where the name of this technology has gone, even longer. The essence of technology is to create a frame house made of wood. Especially since everybody is able to do such a construction with his own hands, the main thing is to figure out what's what, buy material and get to work. This is because the construction is fairly light, and you can do all the work with a friend or family member, without hiring special heavy equipment. Every self-respecting man wants to build a house for himself and his family. Let's take a closer look at how to build a house using Canadian technology, what it is, and what stages of construction you need to go through. This information will help you realize your dream. And having done most of the work yourself, you can save a lot.
Canadian house frame
To begin with, I would like to talk about why we started building such frame houses as Canadian technology. After all, the truth is, this method of building low-rise buildings (up to 4 floors) is mostly used in North America, Europe, Australia and even Japan. Why is it called Canadian in Russia? The fact is that it got its name during the cooperation of the State Construction Committee of Russia with the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation. It was then that the rules were created for the construction and design of single-family houses with enhanced thermal characteristics. These were the timber frame houses that we now know. Such designs today are in great demand, as the cost of construction is very profitable.
The reason for the construction of these structures was the fact that it was necessary to keep the heat indoors. The climate of the northern countries dictated the importance of providing a higher heat capacity, which would become an alternative to the technology of heating the room. After all, whatever was used for home heating, during the heating season all the same it was necessary to incur substantial heat losses. To motivate the promotion of this technology was the fact that new technological materials appeared on the market, the main properties of which were to preserve heat indoors and to withstand low temperatures.
Construction of the frame house
And the last thing that played a decisive role in the application of Canadian technology - used for this building material. In those regions where there is a great need for such heat-saving buildings, there is more than enough building material. After all, the main material for the construction of such buildings is wood. It turns out that such houses not only save heat, but also are cheap. To summarize, the whole technology of Canadian house building is to make a house frame of wood and sheathe it with OSB panels or CIP panels (OSB panels, inside of which there is insulation). Thanks to him, the heat remains in the house, and extraneous noises and sounds do not penetrate it.
This technology has advantages and disadvantages
The difference and dignity of this technology is that even without additional equipment in the room you can easily maintain and maintain a stable temperature. Given that living in such a house is quite comfortable in winter. And if you already have a heating system, then the living conditions are just perfect. As a result, you get an economical housing, for the heating of which requires much less resources than for houses from the usual materials built using standard technologies.
It was here that we came to the second advantage of such a house - its cost and maintenance. Wood is not the most expensive building material. In our area it is enough, moreover, it is natural and has a number of positive characteristics. To heat such a wooden house, you do not need a powerful boiler and the amount of resources for heating it is minimal. This will allow you to save money not only on the purchase and installation of a heating system, but also on the use of fuel for heating. After all, the heat in the room of the house, built on Canadian technology, will be maintained at a stable level and long enough.
The main material is the tree
Along with such important positive qualities, the following advantages can also be noted:
But, as you know, nothing can be perfect, and our case is no exception. The disadvantages of Canadian technology can be understood by a teenager as a teenager - if everything is made of wood, then there is a high probability that everything will flare up like a match, at the slightest opportunity! And indeed it is. And even all kinds of tools that give the tree fire resistance, not much save. Moreover, inside the CIP panels there is a heater that serves as bait for various rodents.
The heater attracts rodents
Judging by the reviews of those who have already built such a house and lives in it, it is not recommended to perform work in wet weather, so that CIP panels do not accumulate moisture inside.
As you can see, the advantages of this technology are much greater than the disadvantages. And if you decide to build your dream house that way, you will only stay in the black.
As noted, The main difference of such a building is that the whole frame is made of wood. The main materials for it are:
Technology construction of a frame house
So, you need to know what is needed to build a house with your own hands. But where to start work and how to build your house quickly and correctly? Let's see.
Any construction begins with design, and our case is no different. The first thing you need to make a plan or project of the house. It’s impossible to do this without certain skills, because in such a business there are many of its own nuances, on which the strength, durability and safety of the building depend. Therefore, it is better to entrust such work to a qualified architect who will make all the necessary drawings, having listened to your desires, and will also be able to make an estimate, having calculated how much material you need and how much all this will cost.Of course, the price of such a service is rather big, but it's worth it, especially if you want to build a large house with various design features.
When you do not have additional funds for hiring a specialist, you can search for ready-made projects on the Internet. Only now you have to be content with what is. And here one must be extremely careful, since the origin of one or another plan is not clear. For reliability, do not use free resources, protecting yourself from low-quality material. Better yet, pay and be calm. Remember, a lot depends on the correctness of the draft.
Materials for construction
After the project is ready, you need to purchase all the necessary materials. Provide a special room or place under a canopy where the wood will be properly stored. You need to protect it from moisture. Now you should decide on the construction site and prepare it: remove all unnecessary, guide the light to the site, provide it with water and prepare all the necessary materials. Once everything is ready, you can start building the foundation of your future home.
The process of building a frame house according to Canadian technology, like all others, begins with the construction of the foundation and the floor for the house, which are the basic platform for the whole building. It is very important to do everything correctly, as the reliability of the whole structure depends on the foundation. Since the house of wood does not have great weight, do not have to make a massive foundation. However, in order for the construction to be reliably located on the ground and stable, the foundation needs to be made columnar or tape-like and provide good waterproofing.
How to make a column foundation? You need to buy asbestos pipes, which will be buried in the ground.
The solid foundation
So, the work process is as follows:
Bottom trim of the frame house
Your base is ready, but you still need to make sure that bottom piping flat. Use the building level. Now you can proceed to the construction of the floor
To make the base in the frame house, you need to install logs. Therefore, in advance in the grillage it is necessary to make grooves in the places where they will be installed. Next, install the logs in their places, making a kind of crate for the base. You can use either boards, or a wooden bar, the size of which is 100 * 50 mm or 150 * 50 mm. You can choose products of other sizes, it all depends on the particular operation of the room and the level of load. You can fix logs with any fasteners: screws, nails, angles, self-tapping screws or dowels.
The floor in the frame house
In order for the wooden structure to not rotten over time, before installation process it with a special compound. Thanks to this, your home will last much longer.
It is possible to lay a SIP panel or plywood with a thickness of 20 mm on such a base. It is important to fasten the plywood or panel well to each support lag so that your floor does not creak when you walk on it.Please note that this work is best done on a sunny day, when nothing foreshadows precipitation. Otherwise, the plywood may swell from rain. Even after you have covered the entire floor, it is better to cover it with a film of polyethylene, if there is a possibility that it will rain.
If you want your floor to be insulated, it is better to sheathe it with SIP panels, inside which there is insulation. This is done very simply: you need to install panels on the prepared logs. The feature of the panels is that they have grooves around the perimeter, due to the fact that the insulation in them is not flush. Therefore, you need to connect them with the spike method into the groove. To begin with, the outer surface of the plates must be covered with molten bitumen mastic. After that, each slab is placed in its place around the perimeter of the house. To connect all the elements together, you need to use a bar that will serve as a spike. It will be the connecting element between the two plates. Before joining the panels, an installation foam must be applied to the grooves of the panels. From two sides connection needs to be fixed with self-tapping screws. All the work you can do in a few hours. At the end of the perimeter, the ends of the panels should be closed with a strapping bar, which will give rigidity to the whole structure. For this, the void is blown out with mounting foam and a board of the required width is installed in it. For reliability, it is also fixed by screws.
First you need to make sure That the foundation you made is perfectly level. After all, all the irregularities will affect the structure of the building as a whole, causing distortions. Only then can you start building the walls of your house.
Building walls from CIP panels
It is better to use CIP- as the walls, adhering to Canadian technology panels whose installation is simple, and the future home will be quite warm. To make such walls, for a start, you need to make a bottom strapping on which the panels will later "slide down". The binding is done in accordance with the drawings of your home. Siding boards need to be fixed around the perimeter and throughout the house, so that they repeat the construction of the walls of the ceiling. Boards should have a width that would allow the CIP panel to enter it. After all, the construction of the walls will also occur using the spike method in the groove.
Building walls from CIP panels
The binding should be attached to the base with self-tapping screws. To measure the correct placement of the strapping, use a template from the CIP panel. After that, for reliability in the strapping and the base, a hole is made to the foundation and everything is fixed with anchor bolts. It is better to build walls from the corners of the house. The first panel is set on the level and attached to the binding bar with foam and self-tapping screws. Now seal the connection and install the second panel to form the corner of the building. Connect the panels to each other at the corner with 220 mm self-tapping screws. Now, according to the drawings, continue to build the structure in the same way as the floor. The plates are interconnected by means of a bar, which acts as a spike between the grooves of the plates. Do not forget about the window and door openings. After the skeleton is ready, the upper grooves of the panels need to be zapped and put there a tying board.
Now it is time to make the overlap, which can be done both from ordinary boards and from the same CIP panels. If you are building a two or three-story house, then after mounting the ceiling, continue to build walls on the same principle as the first floor. And when you build a one-story house, then it's time to start building the roof.
Construction of the roof
As is known, the roof for houses are different:
These are not all species. But traditionally in our area do a gable roof.
First of all, you need to install a power plate on the floor to which the whole truss system will be attached . As rafters, you can use boards with a thickness of 50 mm, and a width of 100 mm. To make a crate, take a board with a thickness of 25 mm and a width of 100 mm. Rafters are installed at an angle of 45-50˚. They can be made immediately on the ground or directly on the roof, so as not to lift them there.
So, from above the rafters are interconnected by an end connection with nails. To give them stiffness, 500-600 mm should be retreated from the upper connection and the bolt should be nailed to get the rafters in the shape of the letter “A”. Bottom ends need to lay on the mauerlat and securely fix them. Do not forget to make an issue of 200-250 mm.
Insulated roofing of a residential house
First you need to install the outer rafters, in front of the house and behind. To securely fix and stiffen them, additionally make stitching and running in the middle. Now place the rafters in the center of the house and nail the ridge board on top. It remains to install the remaining rafters. Please note that the rafter must be installed in increments of 500 mm. Sheath gables can be the same SIP-panels.
Now you need to make a crate. To fix the boards you need to the rafters in increments of 50 mm. Do not forget to make a release for the extreme rafters 200-250 mm. The crate boards are fixed with nails whose length is 60 mm. After the crate is made, lay one or two layers of roofing material on it to ensure waterproofing. At the same time, it spreads vertically with an overlap of 100-150 mm. It also needs to be fixed to the crate with small nails with a wide head. To insulate the roof, from below you can lay a layer of insulation, as well as protect it with vapor barrier tape.
The roof of a house made using Canadian technology can also be made with CIP panels.
Now you just have to lay the roofing material and sheathe the overhangs of the roof. As a roofing material can serve:
What to choose - decide for yourself. Start from your finances and desires.
Now the foundation of your home using Canadian technology already ready. As you can see, it is rather quick and simple to make such a house, the main thing is the desire and following the instructions. But on this construction of the house is not finished, you still have a lot to do. But all this is already according to the standard scheme, which is suitable for the construction of any home. You will have to carry out all communications, install windows, doors, perform internal and external cladding, etc. Nevertheless, the main work has been done, and you just have to be proud of how much you have already done. Such a house, made by Canadian technology, will stand for a long time!