What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly

It is well known that a septic tank is considered the most successful and practical option for a sewage treatment plant that is part of the autonomous sewage system of a country farm. But before choosing a septic tank for the house, it will be necessary to take into account a number of significant factors, the main of which are:

  • the volume of household waste that accumulates per day, depending on the number of people living in the house, and
  • the condition and quality of the soil on the exploited land plot, as well as the presence of groundwater (groundwater);
  • the degree of exploitation of the residential structure, depending on whether people live year-round or live in it seasonally (only in l tnee time);
  • amount of money allocated for the purchase of the required septic model.

Capacity

The performance of any treatment plant means its ability to effectively clean a particular volume of wastewater generated during the operation of a suburban home. This indicator determines the number and size of the chambers of the acquired structure. With limited volumes of wastewater, it is allowed to use a single-chamber septic tank of preliminary purification, which completely copes with the processing of a small mass of household waste.

What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly The simplest septic tank of low productivity

For efficient processing of large masses of wastewater (with a daily volume of generated waste , exceeding 1 m 3 ) - you will need a septic tank model, characterized by increased performance.

In the event that your summer cottage is intended for seasonal family holidays, it will be quite possible to get along with a typical pre-cleaning facility with a volume of up to 1 m 3 .

This simplest version of the cleaning device is usually used as a simple drive, periodically emptied by the owner on his own, or with the help of special waste collection equipment.

Anyone who would like to make a choice of a septic tank and plans to live permanently in his country house - the choice of this option is undesirable. With a large amount of waste generated, you will have too often to use the services of vacuum trucks, which in our time are not cheap at all.

Device Options

At present, each owner of a private house can choose the option of an autonomous waste collection system that is suitable for their living conditions. The most well-known types of such facilities are installations using the biological principle of cleaning and the so-called accumulative (capacitive) septic tanks.

What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly Biological cleaning installation

In installations with biological cleaning, the system efficiency can reach 70%, which, as a rule, is quite enough for the additional treatment of waste to be carried out directly in the soil (without dangerous contamination).

Since the anaerobic methods of sewage treatment are accompanied by the release of gases that are harmful to health, a special sewage tower is used for arranging such treatment facilities.

What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly Septic tanks differ in the number of cleaning chambers

In addition to the above indicators, used in household conditions models of septic tanks may differ by the following parameters:

  • body material (concrete, plastic, metal or fiberglass);
  • with its orientation when placed in the ground (vertical or horizontal position);
  • the number of treatment chambers (from 2 to 4 separate tanks);
  • with its volume, which is selected depending on the daily amount of waste generated.

Concrete structures

What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly From concrete rings

Concrete clarifiers are made from reinforced concrete rings of standard size, or poured into pre-prepared formwork directly at the installation site. In the first case, the cost of arranging a septic tank significantly increase due to the need to transport the rings to the installation site and their subsequent installation using special lifting equipment.

What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly Self-made from concrete

In the second embodiment, the duration of work is noticeably increased, since the operation of the sump it will be possible to start only after the final setting of the concrete. The septic tanks made of can of rings, it is difficult to press, they are a little maintainable and bulky. On the other hand, such structures (as opposed to plastic ones) are not threatened by excessive pressure from the soil and groundwater.

Metal clarifiers

What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly Metal septic tank

Because metal septic tanks require periodic treatments with anti-corrosion compounds - their maintenance will be too expensive.On the other hand, the indisputable advantage of the metal is the possibility of producing from it a system of overflow pipes of a rather complex configuration.

What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly From metal barrels

The welding joints used for this purpose are distinguished by a high degree of tightness, and for joining with plastic pipes can be used flange connectors with rubber cuffs.

High body strength and a large mass of such devices allow their installation into the soil without the threat of ejection by groundwater.

Plastic devices

What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly From Eurocubes

The septic tank for giving from plastic material is convenient the fact that it can be installed manually, while tightness of all necessary connections is provided through the use of conventional rubber cuffs. The plastic case does not need special protection, while the reliability of the built-in structural elements (system of partitions and overflow pipes) is guaranteed by the manufacturer.

What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly Septic Yunilos volatile

When installed in the soil, plastic containers should be filled with water, which ensure the safety of their form by equalizing the internal and external pressures.

What kind of septic tank to choose - choose a septic tank correctly Plastic Tank

In the event that the model you purchased is equipped with special elements, increasing the rigidity of the structure - the septic tank is allowed to be instilled "dry" (without filling with water).

Video

You will certainly find useful advice from professionals, which are set out in the following video:

Read also:

  • Installing a Septic tank Topas
  • Installing a septic tank Tank
  • How to make a septic tank from eurocubes
  • How to make a septic tank of tires
  • sewage in the country (drawings).
Search

Related Articles