In recent years, life in a wooden house has become a fashion trend. And there are reasons for this. For example, living in it is quite comfortable and at the same time wood is an environmentally friendly building material. If earlier life in a wooden house was fraught with many inconveniences, now it is comfort and use of innovative technologies. A special place in the house is the heating system. Some reject the idea of hiring qualified specialists, who take quite a lot of money for their services in heating production. For this reason, decide to make heating a wooden house with their own hands. We consider the basic principles of installation of the heating system, as well as possible options for how and from what it can be done.
Consider one important factor that directly affects the choice of type of heating. The tree, after a short time, loses its natural moisture and, accordingly, cracks. This will entail some consequences, namely the draft of the house. For this reason, choose the type of heating in each case should be individually. It is first necessary to carry out thorough calculations, as well as draw up a project that can facilitate installation work. One mistake of incorrect calculations can lead to the most unexpected and unpleasant consequences, for example, broken pipes or a complete defrost of the system. If it is wrong to make calculations of electric heating, then the case may end up with a closure. And if you choose an air system, then something will be impossible to fix. Directly on the choice of the type of heating will directly affect the available energy source. Today, energy can be:
Starting from this, you can make a choice of the “heart” of the whole heating system of a wooden house - a boiler.
If the closest source of energy is gas, then depending on the size of the house you should get a wall or floor boiler. These boilers are equipped with an integrated pump as well as special protection. In the event that you do not have a chimney, you should choose a boiler in which the combustion chamber is of a closed type. And to divert air in the boiler, you can use a coaxial pipe. This method will allow you to save money on the arrangement of the chimney. Moreover, the wall gas boiler has automation. If the volume of the system exceeds 100 liters, then it is recommended to mount the second expansion tank. In the case of heating, it will also compensate for the pressure. This will prevent an increase in pressure in the boiler with a proportional increase in temperature.
The device of a wall double-circuit gas boiler
If the gas is not available to you, then you can use electricity. In this case, you should purchase an electric boiler with automation. It already has an expansion tank and a pump. In order to prevent the bad effect on the boiler of electricity surges, it is recommended to additionally install a voltage regulator. Designing a practical heating system is quite possible with an electric boiler.
There is another option for heating the house - solid fuel boilers. For such boilers it is necessary to create special conditions of the working system. In some cases, at the outlet, the operating temperature of the coolant can be up to 100 ° C, so you should carefully select the pipe. For example, you can use plastic pipes. But in this case, a special outcome is required.
Solid fuel boiler long-burning
When you have decided on the type of boiler, you should pick up radiators and pipes for a particular heating system of a wooden house. Assuming that the quality of metal pipes has deteriorated significantly in recent years, you can give your choice to metal-plastic or polypropylene. As for radiators, their choice directly depends on what heat transfer you would like to receive. You should also pay attention to the interior. Some types of radiators would be great for the general idea of the whole house. In wooden houses, the connection of radiators will most likely be carried out by the bottom connection, since it will be problematic to hide the pipes in the wall with the top connection. So, pipes will pass under a floor, and leave only near a radiator. It is important to correctly calculate the number of sections in a particular room. As a rule, the calculation is based on the following indicator: 1 section of 1.5 square meters. When you have calculated the number of sections required, as well as the radiators themselves, you need to design the heating system.
In most cases, the most affordable heating is gas As mentioned above, the first step is to design the scheme of the entire heating system. Thanks to her, you can find out exactly how much building materials you need. The success of all your work will depend on the right chosen scheme. Use as a coolant water based on its circulation throughout the system. Before the warm water enters the pipes, it gets warm in the boiler. Then heat is distributed throughout the heating system. Water can move through the system in two ways: forcibly and naturally. It is from this will depend on what kind of heating scheme you choose. The scheme can be designed as a two-pipe and one-pipe. If you choose a forced system, then you can make a two-pipe scheme. Each of these schemes has its own differences and features. Consider how to install a two-pipe and one-pipe heating system in a wooden house.
Single pipe connection
Now let's analyze the installation of a single pipe system heating in a two-story wooden house. However, it is worth noting immediately that its use has not only advantages, but also disadvantages. So, as for the drawbacks, the lower radiators tend to heat up less. This will lead to the fact that on each floor the air temperature will be different. Such a system will significantly save building materials. And in order to make the temperature in each heated room the same, simply add sections to the radiator. The pump is able to increase circulation if you mount it at the inlet with cold water.
If a natural heating system is installed, then it is important to install the boiler at the lowest point in relation to the radiators. Otherwise there will be no circulation. It is imperative to install the expansion tank. This will increase the efficiency of the entire system.
Using this heating system , you can easily achieve the same warming up of each installed battery. But unlike the one-pipe system, in this case large financial expenses will be required. Each battery must be equipped with a shut-off valve that will monitor the temperature in each individual battery. This heating scheme in a wooden house is used in most cases when gas heating is available. In such a house, you can immediately attach the batteries to the wall or to a pre-installed bar. The two-pipe system is mounted with a solid fuel boiler.
If in your case schemes with the use of gas boilers are not available, then you can use electricity as a heat carrier. There are many options for creating heating. For example, you can make a warm floor, which get ready-made mats and install them in the process of laying the floor.
Electric floor heating
You can also use an electric water boiler. From it are laid metal pipes Ø16 or Ø20 cm. They are mounted on the insulating layer. As for the scheme itself, here you can choose a combined or spiral.
Radiant Floor Heating
From the collector pipe should be drawn from the wall at a distance of ten centimeters. The next circuit should be located at a distance of forty centimeters from the first. This gap is necessary in order to mount the return line. Thus, the pitch between the supply and return pipes will be twenty centimeters.
Pipes are fixed on a special mesh with the help of fasteners. As soon as the entire system is ready and all pipes are laid, it should be checked. This can be done in two ways. For example, you can pour water under pressure. If a leak is detected, then it should be immediately removed. Another option is simpler; for this, air is pumped into the system. At the leak, air will be noisy at the exit, and you will find a leak.
It is necessary to make high-quality thermal insulation of the ceiling.
Stove heating is one of the old means of heating indoor air. This type of heating today can be made on the basis of solid fuels, as well as using electricity. The latter is an innovative solution. In this case, heat comes from heat generators with forced and natural barriers. For many, stove heating is associated with firewood. One of the modern developments of such a plan implies a project of a fireplace, a brick stove, for example, Buleryan.However, in addition to wood, you can use other sources of heat, such as coal.
When constructing furnace heating, it is important to consider all the instructions of the SNIP. In this case, it is recommended to use it for heating a one-story and two-story house, not counting the basement. Do not allow the furnace surface to be heated to temperatures above 1200 ° C.
When building such a heating system, you will most likely need the help of a qualified technician, as not everyone knows how to properly lay the furnace.
An example of a heating system in a private wooden house with a description of the installer:
The features of laying pipelines in a wooden house are discussed in the following video: