The most important component of an aesthetically appealing and reliable home is the finishing of the facade. It among other things promotes increase in durability of a structure, and also increases its thermal insulation. It often happens that the material from which the house is built, has high performance, but its decorative properties leave much to be desired. In such cases, it is important to correctly face the facade. Recently, for this purpose, planken was increasingly used. In this article, you will learn what this material is, how and where it can be applied. In addition, the article will tell you about the features of the installation of planken.
Planken is a front board made of natural wood, a feature of which is a rounded or beveled edge shape. It looks like a deck and deck. The thickness of the stalk is from 15 to 22 mm, and the width from 70 to 140 mm.
In the production process of planken, Siberian larch is most often used. The material is different:
Plancken beveled from larch
Siberian larch is unique in its kind. Unlike other types of wood, it becomes harder and stronger, being exposed to water and moisture. In the house, which is sheathed with planken, a healthy atmosphere reigns.
Despite the excellent characteristics of larch, it should be treated with special impregnations, oils or varnish.
Oak, ash, pine, cedar and exotic wood is also used to make planken.
In private housing the planken is used for the following purposes:
Planken with beveled edges
The material is divided according to the type of profile. There are 3 types of planken:
Straight plank with grooves
In comparison with the clapboard, which is joined by the "groove spike, "planken has a distinct advantage. Shrinking or swelling of the wall panel leads to its torsion and warping. It can be seen that temperature and humidity drops adversely affect this type of attachment. In addition, it is very difficult to replace the lining part. In contrast, the plank is not afraid of swelling and drying, and if necessary, you can quickly and easily replace any of the trim parts with your own hands.
When replacing parts of the stalk, there is no difficulty, only if an open mounting method was used. Hidden installation method will require disassembly of the part of the cladding that is above the board that requires replacement.
Planken is environmentally friendly. Condensate does not form in the gaps, which prolongs its service life. In addition, the material has high thermal and waterproofing properties. At installation of a planken there are no difficulties. The color palette and texture of the material is varied, so it is possible to choose the right shade even for the most demanding customers.
Installation of the planken
Finishing the facade with a planken requires familiarization with the main rules of its installation. Depending on the type of wood, as well as the width of the profile, the technological gap with which the plann should be mounted is determined. It ranges from 2 to 10 mm. Such a gap allows even at the highest humidity drops to maintain the same appearance of the skin and provide ventilation of the facade.
Although installing boards diagonally and vertically, they are traditionally installed horizontally. The panels should be mounted on a wooden crate, which is installed in steps ranging from 30 to 60 cm. The crate is installed perpendicular to the mounting direction of the planken.The distance between the elements of the batten is set taking into account the width of the insulation and the thickness of the board. In order for you to have a ventilated facade, there must be a gap between the insulation layer and the planken.
To install the plankan at an appropriate quality level, use stainless steel self-tapping screws or coated with a special anti-corrosion protective layer.
The easiest way to fasten planken is an open method. In this case, the boards should be screwed to the crate from the front side with stainless steel screws. The disadvantage of the technique is that the fastener will be visible. As a rule, when installing the stalk, a hidden method of attachment using a "snake" is used. It is a metal strips having a standard length of 14.5 and 19 cm. Their width is 1.5 cm. In the "snake" there are several holes for screws or self-tapping screws.
If you install a bevelled plank, first lay it backside up, so that the front surface is pointed at an acute angle downwards. The height of the layout in this case will correspond to the height of the wall that you will sheathe. Now on this design you need to transfer the dimensions of the batten. On it, you and secure the plate. On the details mark the middle of each bar crates. On labels of this line fasten the levels made of metal. Do this, then from the left, then from the right. Thus, the mount forms a "snake".
Mounting with metal bars
Install the fastener at all points where the battens intersect with planken. Install the fastener so that the upper and lower parts of the plank protrude at least 1 cm on both sides. There should be a screw hole on the top. Now set the slats on the guides. Mount the first row by screwing it down through the board and the upper hole of the mounting snake. To make it possible to fix the first panel smoothly, use the building level.
Ventilated façade plank made of beveled planken
Attach a part of the mount that has no hole. panel. Then set the gap and fix the part of the planken to the crate through the top of the metal plate with a self-tapping screw. Due to the fact that the gaps between the parts are visually invisible, the impression of a monolithic surface of wood is created.
If you finish the facade with a straight plank, the gaps will be noticeable.
Planken successfully combines the natural beauty of wood and high protective qualities. It can be combined with other finishing materials. Such facade cladding looks very original! There may be many options. The main thing is that the flight of your imagination and financial capabilities have time for one after another.
This video shows the process of covering the facade of a log house:
And this video shows mounting on PlanFix fasteners: