A country house or suburban area today is increasingly equipped with a bath. But in the construction of such a structure it is necessary to take into account many nuances. This is fire safety, and good thermal insulation, and a way to drain waste. It is about the latter and will be discussed in this article. Or rather, how to make a drain in the bath with his own hands.
The pit under the bath
Pit near the bath
The simplest way is to discharge the effluent directly into the ground under the structure, into the so-called pit. When using this method, there is no need to arrange a sewage system, digging a cesspool and other difficulties.
Drain pit near the bath
But it is not always possible to drain drains into the soil under the bath; take into account various factors. Namely:
Drain inside the bath
Many do not know the basic rules regarding how to make water drain from the bath. One of the important issues in solving this problem is the creation of a sewage system in the bath itself. The first step is to make a scheme. It takes into account all plumbing fixtures, collection points for drains and the number of "wet" rooms. The main task of sewage in the bath will be the collection of drains from the floor. This needs the most attention.
The stages of creating a system for collecting floor drains will depend on the stage at which the work is performed. The best option if the sewerage is mounted during construction. But not all ready-made baths have a good drain, so first of all we will consider the option of arranging drains in an already constructed structure.
In any case, you first need to prepare the necessary materials. For work will need:
The drain device will be horizontal pipes mounted in the floor. In them, through the body of the drain and siphon, water will fall. Then it will be displayed in the riser or directly on the street.
To build the entire system into the floor of an already finished bath, you need to make an effort. If the floor is made of wood, then all the boards and logs are removed. If the coating is made of concrete, then it is necessary to make trenches in it (for example, using the shtab). In this case, the collection point is better to do in the corner of the room.
Then horizontal pipes are laid. In this case, it is necessary to make a slope in the direction of the riser (or exit), it should be at least 2 cm per linear meter. It is better if the sand is filled up and compacted in the trench beforehand. Then the pipes are laid on such a pillow. They connect to the riser or lead outside.
The next step will be the installation of drains and siphons. If the floors are wooden, then a hole is made in the right place and the necessary structures are installed. For a concrete floor, you need to build a formwork of the desired size and install a drain and a siphon in it.
When installing a drain system during construction, work is carried out before the floor is filled. The pipes are laid (tilted), the plums and the siphon are connected. Then make fill the floor. It is necessary to make a bias towards the collection point.
Drainage scheme using filter
After the system of collecting water inside the bath is created, it is necessary to think over where all the drains will be discharged. There can be used several options:
If there is a central sewage system in the village or in the dacha society, then there should be no problems with the withdrawal of effluent. How to connect to such a system, you can learn from the local public utilities.
Another question is if there is no central sewage system. In this case, many homeowners build a filter well or cesspool. The methods of their construction are about the same. The only difference is in hermeticity:
Installation of a bath septic tank
Installing a septic tank can be expensive. But this option is the safest for the environment. Especially it is desirable to install a septic tank in the presence of a toilet in the bath. In this case, it will clean all impurities. In addition, the septic tank does not often need to pump out the accumulated water. It is possible to save on the services of the recovery truck service.
This video shows how the bath is drained into the receiving drum:
See how to drain the bath in the water trap :