Modern stoves are in most cases gas, wood or oil-fired boilers, supplemented by electric or gas stoves. However, recently, due to the large financial opportunities and the expanded selection of high-quality building materials, many owners of country houses and summer houses are thinking about returning to the past - about building a beautiful, warm and cozy home stove. In this article we will explain how to lay the brick oven in the country itself (in a country house).
A beautiful stove
Question "To be or not to be a furnace in your house?" It should be decided at the stage of designing your suburban housing. The fact is that the stove must have its own foundation, not connected with the foundation under the walls of the building. This is due to the fact that the stove weighs less than the walls of the house, on which the ceilings and the roof rest, and therefore their foundations will work differently.
If the foundation of the furnace and the walls are combined, then distortions and cracks will arise in the structure.
The second point that makes you think about the device of the furnace at the very beginning of construction works is the floor in the room where you are going to build the furnace. If the foundation under the furnace is not laid even before the start of work on the flooring, then these floors will have to be opened, the concrete screed must be broken, the foundation pit should be dug under the furnace foundation and only after its construction can the floors be restored.
The third point that makes planning a place for the furnace in advance is the need to install a chimney, as well as to ensure that it can intersect the structures of the overlapping roof and the roof (it is not very pleasant to find out that you are "accidentally on your way” turned out to be a beam or truss foot).
Tools for laying
If you are not a professional stove, but still you want to try your hand at this not an easy task, before proceeding to the construction of the stove, pay attention to the following points:
Brick for building furnaces
If you did not try to work with bricks before masonry , we advise you first to practice on laying out brick partitions, as it is impossible to fold a household oven with high quality and beautifully without work experience. Later, you will plaster all your “training” partitions anyway, and therefore, even if the seams are not very smooth, this will not be visible.
Having defined the appearance of the furnace, be sure to find in books or the Internet diagrams (working drawings) of the orderly placement of the furnace. Without these schemes to work can not begin.
Layout of the foundation of the furnace
Complete the foundation for the furnace. The size of the foundation in the plan should exceed the size of the furnace by 50-100 mm on each side. The depth of the foundation should not be less than the depth of freezing of the soil, otherwise the frozen water will "lift" the foundation and make it unusable (along with your furnace). Be sure to tamp the bottom of the pit, then pour 10 cm of gravel or gravel (with its subsequent tamping), and only then proceed to the construction of the foundation: concrete with a frame made of reinforcement or rubble.
The upper surface of the foundation should be approximately 14-15 cm below the level of the clean floor of the floor.
When buying a brick for laying a stove, note that when using coal as a fuel for such a stove, the firebox must be laid out of refractory bricks.
Everything you need for the furnace
You will also need: ceramic brick, ordinary clay and refractory, sand ; grate; doors - furnace, blowing, clean; stove valve, steel strip and roofing, steel wire, sheet asbestos, roofing material (the amount of material depends on the size of the furnace).
For cooking ovens with a heat cabinet (oven), additionally may be necessary: a cast-iron stove with or without a burner, angular steel, a thermal chamber door made of angular steel, an oven, galvanized steel.
Fixing the clamp
The process of laying the stove you can see here: