If you decide to make scaffolding, then you have to choose from two materials: wood or metal. In the first case, you will have a disposable design that can be made by any person who can work with wood, and in the second - reusable, but also quite easily manufactured. In this article we will explain how to make scaffolding with your own hands from metal (shaped pipe), as well as from wood (boards), we will show diagrams, photo and video instructions.
Although for the manufacture of scaffolding metal or wood is mainly used, they may differ in the method of fastening, and therefore have different functional elements in their construction. So, consider the main types of forests.
Components are connected by a special wedge fixation. The forests of this design are highly reliable. They are able to withstand quite large loads. At the same time they are convenient in operation, they are quickly assembled and disassembled. Particularly relevant use of wedge forests in the construction and lifting of heavy materials and components.
The main element of this design is a fixed frame. Mostly they are used for painting or plastering. The frame in this design is associated with horizontal racks and diagonal connections due to the nodal connections. The main advantage of frame forests in their low cost. For their construction does not require large investments.
In these forests the junction, as the name implies, is the pin. This type of forest is very popular with builders, as it is very easy to assemble and disassemble them directly on the construction site. Often, the assembly of forests takes a day, or even two. In this case, the assembly of whip woods does not take much time.
If the object on which the repair work is carried out has a complex configuration, clapwood forests are an excellent solution. The mounting method used is professional. And for their manufacture an important role is played by the height and size of the working area, the distance between the tiers and the pitch of the racks. All this is selected individually at each facility.
We suggest you to get acquainted with a simple guide to making scaffolding from boards. To do this, follow a few simple sequential steps:
If necessary, lengthen the construction of the scaffolding; connect several similar sections from the boards between them. The boards are stuffed on the support legs.
When assembling wooden scaffolding, if nails are used, it is recommended to pre-drill holes so that the boards do not split.
Construction of scaffolding
All forests consist of of the following elements:
How to make scaffolding, on the Internet you can find quite a lot. Moreover, the recommended constructions differ mainly from each other only in the thickness of the board and in the size of the forests themselves. So that you are not confused in all this "diversity", try to focus on the following values:
We offer you to look at a number of photos on the topic of how to make wooden scaffolding yourself:
Assembly of the frame
Holes for fasteners
Installing the frame
Fixing the diagonals
Now how to make scaffolding ( azbornye) of metal (one section dimensions: height - 1.5 meters, width 1 m, length 1.65 m). The number of sections is determined based on the height of the scaffolding you need.
What should be homemade forests
Firstly, scaffolding is not a small scaffolding-scaffold, but a rather cumbersome structure that will have to be stored somewhere after the need is gone.
Wooden scaffolding, of course, can then be disassembled, but the work is laborious, and even if you don’t need them in the near future, you also need to fold them somewhere. Do not forget that wooden forests are assembled with the help of nails, and not screws, therefore the boards will no longer be completely intact. In addition, when working on scaffolding wood is often dirty with mortar or paint.
Homemade metal scaffolding can be not only disassembled, but later rented.
Secondly, non-factory-made scaffoldings are designed to work at a maximum level of the second floor (from the ground). At higher altitude, the exploitation of home-made forests becomes dangerous.
Thirdly, scaffolding is rarely required (only to repair the facade of a building), so the assembly and disassembly of such a temporary structure is not beneficial in terms of time spent on this work.
Fourth, construction scaffoldings often have to be made long (for example, at least 6 meters for siding installation). Accordingly, their weight increases, and rearranging the self-made wooden scaffolding on the other side of the house becomes a problem even for three or four people.
Forests should be thought of even at the design stage of a house.
If you do not plan to carry out the facade work yourself (but are going to hire a construction team), then you should not particularly think about the scaffolding, as builders usually come to the site with their scaffolding and scaffolding.
However, after construction is completed (and after some time has passed), scaffolding may be necessary for carrying out small facade repairs. Can this be avoided?
Of course. And first, make sure that the facade of your house does not require repairs for many years. For this, it is enough to use facing bricks when erecting walls. Now it is produced by many manufacturers and at the same time in a sufficiently large color range.
But other facing materials (such as siding, plaster, etc.) will periodically require your attention and, accordingly, additional costs, since you can’t make scaffolding (buy or rent) for free.
From this video you will learn how to make scaffolding for an apartment renovation:
The photographs show various construction scaffolding:
Klino -crumpy scaffolding
For finishing the facade
Scaffoldings for reconstruction
Schemes will help you design your own scaffolding:
Basic elements of the forests
Scheme of cross forests
Forest diagram envelope
Assembly scheme of the tower tours
Scaffolding mount node