Strength and durability, aesthetics - these are just a few of the requirements for a floor device. Thanks to modern building technologies and materials, an extensive selection of floor finishes is available. Along with the usual and popular laminate flooring, tiles, linoleum and parquet, a rather unusual way to finish the floor - self-leveling polymer floors - entered the dwellings. Polymer floors can be arranged on a different basis: cement screed, durable chipboard, plywood and other wooden materials on a solid base, metal, after applying a special primer.
In the article we will talk about how to make self-leveling polymer floors with your own hands in the apartment, as well as in the garage.
The basis of the synthetic coating used in homes, apartments and offices is one of the polymers.
Application of an epoxy floor
Epoxy resin - together with additional components creates a strong, resistant to abrasion and chemical exposure coating.
Polyurethane - a smooth, elastic floor is able to withstand any deformation.
Methyl methacrylate floors are created by mixing acrylic resins and hardeners. They are highly resistant to ultraviolet and moisture resistance, using dyes to create unique color combinations. The hardening of the floor takes 2 hours, and the service life is up to 40 years. With all the positive characteristics of this type of self-leveling floor is rarely used, the reason for this was the high cost and harmful fumes occurring in the process of pouring.
Features and Benefits:
Basic preparation requirements foundations - correction of defects and surface cleaning. If there is an old coating, it must be completely removed. The entire area of the subfloor is thoroughly cleaned of debris and dust (you should use a vacuum cleaner). After cleaning the existing defects become well visible. The existing cracks and cracks are puttied, the protrusions go astray. The best method of surface treatment is the use of a grinder. If the polymer floor has to be poured onto ceramic tiles, its surface is deprived of smoothness with sandpaper or emery paper.
It is necessary to measure the horizontal level of the base: if its difference does not exceed 4 mm, then it is possible to start the production of a polymeric floor. With significant fluctuations in the level of the surface will have to level the sand-cement screed and to postpone further work until it dries.
In the overwhelming majority of cases, poorly prepared foundation, which caused the detachment, is to blame for the poor-quality filling of the self-leveling floor.
After the screed has dried, a thorough primer is required, which increases the adhesion between the base and a bulk floor, and also reduces absorption of polymeric mix, and, means, and an expense of expensive structure. It is better to apply the primer in two layers, taking a break of at least 4 hours between them. The composition is applied with a roller. That the liquid mix of a bulk floor did not leak near a wall, this site is glued by a damper tape. Also along the perimeter of the room set wooden slats that will save space for the temperature of the seam.
For work you will need:
Polymer two-component composition
The time has come to prepare the working solution. This process is described in the instructions on the packaging, to obtain an excellent result should strictly follow the recommendations of the manufacturer. To create a polymer floor will require two components, one of which is a hardener. Mixing occurs in high capacity. Heat is generated during the reaction, so it is recommended to lower the tank in advance, where it is mixed into the tank with cold water in order to slow down the reaction somewhat.
Beginners' masters can mix the composition in a bucket, alternately filling two components. The nozzle with spatulas is selected for the drill, and during operation low mixer speed is used. The mixing process takes about two minutes.
Floor filling should occur at a temperature not lower than + 10 ° C, at a lower temperature value, chemical processes will slow down and the polymer will spread badly on the surface of the base. High temperatures will cause the components to cure too quickly and will not allow a good fill.
Filling of the polymer floor with an assistant
During the curing process, the floor should not be exposed to drafts and direct sunlight. The top layer of the polymer coating should not dry before the rest of the mass, otherwise there will be cracks.
The liquid polymer is poured in a corner distant from the entrance and helps the wooden rover spread across the surface. The work is carried out in strips, without stopping, the composition quickly hardens in the tank. It is good to connect an assistant to this process, because it will be difficult for one person without experience to be in time. In the process of pouring, the solution is rolled by a needle roller, which removes air bubbles. Work ends at the entrance to the room. It is not worth walking in the fresh composition, otherwise there will be traces of shoes.
The solution is rolled with a needle roller
After the composition has dried (the process, depending on the polymer, takes several hours or days) wooden planks are removed around the perimeter, and the seams are filled with sealant and closed with a plinth. The finishing layer of the self-leveling floor is the coating with two layers of lacquer, it gives the surface a gloss and smoothness, and also increases wear resistance. Using different types of varnish: matte, colorless, glossy or color - you can achieve the desired effect.
Self-leveling floors are quite expensive, therefore, they are not used as often for furnishing garages. However, the cost of this technique pays off with high quality finished floor covering.
Among some advantages of self-leveling floors, it is worth noting:
Among this large number of advantages, there is one drawback to the coverage - a price that not everyone can afford.
Often, self-leveling floors used for garages call all protective polymeric coatings:
The most economical option for a self-leveling floor is polyurethane impregnation. This is one of the most reliable types of garage coatings. It looks like lacquered concrete. For a more attractive flooring, you can apply color markings on it.
First, you can clean the rough surface. If the floor was wooden, then you need to dismantle it along with the lags. Having cleared a basis of garbage and dust, you will be able to estimate quality of the basis of a floor. If there are cracks and chips on it, then this is a bad signal, indicating the destruction of the material. All damage to the screed must be repaired.
In some cases, you need to perform a cement screed before pouring the self-leveling floor in the garage. This is advisable if the floor is heavily broken, there are large differences in height or in the absence of a screed as such.
If you really need to make a screed, then pay special attention to the arrangement waterproofing. In addition, to improve the strength characteristics of the floor in the garage, which is very important in this room, make reinforcement. To do this, you can use a galvanized mesh laid in solution.
After the screed has dried or the base of the floor has been cleaned, it must be primed. What for?
Attach a damper tape around the perimeter of the garage that will serve as a cushioning layer. This is done to the height of the polymer flooring.
The process of applying the mixture
Now you need to install the beacons / guides. If you have a small garage, then you can use angles, pipes or metal profiles as guides. Lay them in such a way that the upper edges of the guides are in the same plane. For these purposes, you can use long screws. Divide the floor into square / rectangular areas.Screw the screws into the vertices of the rectangles / squares. To do this, you first need to ream the tie and insert dowels into the holes. Lift the lighthouse as needed. Do this with a solution.
Now you should prepare the polymer mixture according to the instructions provided by the manufacturer. Stir it thoroughly. To do this, you can use an electric drill with a special nozzle mixer. It is important that the drill works at low speed, otherwise many air bubbles form in the mixture. And this will adversely affect the quality of the polymer floor.
Polymer floor in the garage
The polymer is poured quickly because it dries quickly . Therefore, the best way to do this work is to prepare the mixture based on a rectangle / square exposed by the beacons — pour it and level it.
At the end of the casting, you need to roll the mass with a studded roller. Thus, the air which has got to polymer and surplus of moisture will be removed. It is possible to operate a bulk floor only its full drying. The time it takes to do this depends on the temperature in the garage.
You should not artificially dry the floor. When the room is heated, a crust forms on the polymer. In this case, the thickness of the self-leveling floor will remain viscous. As a result, the floor in the garage under the weight of the car over time simply prosyad.
Work on the device of a polymeric floor has a lot of difficulties and nuances, but it is quite accessible to be done on its own. In compliance with the technology will help the training video.
The process of pouring a self-leveling floor can be viewed in the video below:
With the picture
Gray floor with divorces
With a photo
The floor with a placeholder
Multi-colored floor in the cafe
Spectacular floor in apartment
Polymer floor with a 3D effect
Black and white patterned floor
Brown floor Moire