If you are tired of the monotony of gray concrete cubes and parallelepipeds of the city, then it makes sense to build a wooden house in the suburbs with your own hands. Make it difficult, but quite feasible. In such a house, the walls breathe, smell of wood. You can safely forget about urban affairs and fully surrender to naturalness and nature.
A wooden house has long been considered to be the best. It is completely safe, environmentally friendly and has a beneficial effect on health.
Some types of coniferous species are used mainly for construction:
But in the central part of Russia, deciduous species are also used. For example, oak, ash (thermowood). The tree has various advantages that are used in the construction of houses:
The wooden house scheme.
Low thermal conductivity is one of the main advantages of this material. In the cold in such a house will be quite warm, even warmer than in the construction of brick. The thermal conductivity of wood is 5 times lower than that of bricks.
Of the negative aspects, it is worth highlighting:
But some of the drawbacks are easy to fix by treating the wood with different compositions designed to eliminate these shortcomings. For example, antiseptics are used to eliminate decay, and wood should be abolished or painted to eliminate water absorption.
Screw pile foundation for a wooden house.
The very first steps in creating your environmentally friendly design are creating a project and choosing a place to build. In both cases, you can contact the experts, but this will lead to costs. It is easier to find a suitable project on the Internet, and choose the place yourself. The building can be located anywhere in the yard, but if there is a hill on the plot, build there:
After that you should decide on the foundation. A wooden house is built on a columnar foundation of reinforced concrete, brick or concrete, which, depending on the soil, is reinforced (solid soil) or unreinforced (soft soil).
There are two ways to make a wooden house:
Floor insulation scheme in a wooden house.
For those who know how to proceed with the construction, and are ready to assemble the structure themselves. With at least basic information about the architecture and knowing the sequence of works, you can build a house yourself. To build a house will have to gradually. Dragging the bars and installing them one on the other is hard (especially if you are alone). You yourself must produce gash, cut through windows and doors, adjust the material (for example, work with a plane). Because of this, the construction time of your building will increase. They can be reduced by mechanizing work with the help of a grinder with a nozzle or by agreeing with workers of the sawmill. Advantages of the method:
Scheme of interior decoration of a wooden house.
Designing a house is quite difficult if you are not an architect. Therefore, either contact a knowledgeable person, or find a project on the Internet and print it. Taking a pencil, a calculator and paper, determine all the data and count them to fit your house. For example:
In this case, the number of bars in height will be:
2.7 / 0.15 = 18 pcs.
4 pieces fit around the perimeter. then the total number will be:
18x4 = 72 pieces.
But the rest of the materials are not indicated in the calculations.
For a complete coverage of all data, make a plan-calculation of materials. Write down the correct sequence of installation points. At the side, assign the materials necessary for the execution of an item.
|Crown installation||4 beams, 4 pins, moss at the joints|
|Installation of floor beams (0.7 m)||10 beams, moss at the joints|
Thus, having counted all the data, you will find the total amount of materials for the construction. Multiplying the data on market prices and adding them up, you get the amount needed for construction. For convenience, you can add a "Price of Material" column to the table.
After finding the project and all the necessary calculations for materials begin to build the house.
In this case, it is necessary to perform all the work consistently and accurately.
For fast and high-quality assembly, you need to listen to the advice of experienced craftsmen. Some recommendations are given below.
Roofing a wooden house from a bar.
The main thing is to observe safety precautions.
Didn't find the answer in the article? More information on the topic:
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