Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos)

Being engaged in facing of the house, special attention should be paid to the finishing of the socle. Depending on the construction technology, it can be a separate element or be a separate part of the foundation, which rises above the ground. Unlike the main wall, it has direct contact with the ground, which is why it is required to pay a lot of attention to finishing this area. It may well be done decorating the base with their own hands, but at the same time experts recommend to take into account some points and nuances.

Types of basement

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos)

Before studying materials and technologies for finishing the basement, you should determine its appearance. Thus, depending on the location of the foundation to the outer plane of the wall, the following main types are distinguished:

  1. Speaker. This foundation is poured for thin walls, so you should first worry about the arrangement of the drain. Otherwise, water will accumulate on the ledge. As a result, it will lead to destruction.
  2. One level. In modern construction, such technology is rarely used, since in the process of exterior decoration it will be too difficult to achieve the desired level of waterproofing.
  3. Falling. A common option that will be easy to protect from the effects of natural factors, as it does not need to arrange the drain. Facing in this case will be less deformed by snow and rain.

Decorative plaster

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Finishing with decorative plaster

A fairly common method finishing the foundation, besides it does not require special knowledge or abilities. Works are performed in the following order:

  1. Cleaning the surface of the foundation from dust and dirt.
  2. Deep penetration primer application.
  3. In the presence of clearly defined irregularities, it is recommended to fix the reinforcing mesh. Suitable welded, woven or made of fiberglass.
  4. Applying a layer of decorative plaster.
  5. After complete drying, you can proceed to staining.

When giving preference to decorative plaster, it should be remembered that this option is not suitable for finishing a protruding base. High loads on the material will soon deform the applied layer, and it will lose its appeal.

On a still wet layer of plaster, prints of a pattern or pattern are made, as well as structuring.


Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos)

You can trim the plinth with both natural and artificial stone. Let us dwell on the natural version. Keep in mind that it has a lot of weight, so the finishing process will be quite time consuming. Despite the complexity of the process, many decide to do it themselves. The procedure is as follows:

  1. Cleaning and priming the surface.
  2. Selection of suitable elements in shape and size.
  3. Applying a thick layer of adhesive.
  4. Stone laying, starting from the bottom row. This will prevent the heavy stone from sliding down.
  5. Coating frost-resistant and water-repellent composition.

It is also worth considering that the stone will add load to the foundation. Additional calculations will be required to ensure that such a finish is possible.

Porcelain tile

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos)

This artificial material in modern construction and decoration is very common. The list of its advantages can be credited with:

  • wear resistance;
  • strength;
  • resistance to temperature changes;
  • low water absorption.

Due to the presence of the last indicator, porcelain stoneware is insensitive to frost. To date, the hardware store has a large range of porcelain tiles:

  • matte;
  • satinated;
  • polished;
  • glazed;
  • aged;
  • imitating leather, stone and fabric.

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Finishing scheme with porcelain stoneware

Considering the process of finishing the base with the selected material, it should be said it is fixed either on the frame, or with special adhesive solutions. The frame method is provided for carrying out additional warming. This method is more laborious, but it can also be done independently:

  1. Foundation preparation: cleaning and priming.
  2. In the role of the framework there are metal slats with already existing special fixings. It is with their help that the slats are fastened to the base. As a result, a small gap is formed between the wall and the grille for ventilation.
  3. There should be a distance of 20 cm from the ground to the beginning of the frame. This will be enough to lift the ground in winter.
  4. In the resulting gap is embedded insulation to choose from. It is best to give preference to foam or mineral wool.
  5. With the help of kleimer, the frame is cladded with ceramic granite plates.

If we talk about adhesive solutions, everything is much simpler here: glue is applied to the prepared foundation and stone is fixed on top.

It is prohibited to use cement mortar, as in this case the stone will simply peel off in the cold.

Vinyl panels

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Ground siding

Among budget finishes The cap is the best. The whole secret lies in a simple method of installation: the elements are joined together in a groove-ridge manner. The result is a durable surface. Thanks to siding, the foundation of the house will be reliably protected, as the innovative material has significant advantages:

  • resistance to high and sudden temperature changes;
  • durability;
  • low sensitivity to moisture;
  • there is a wide range of colors and shapes of plates.

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Layout of installation of base siding

In most cases, vinyl panels are used if necessary to hold the outer warming The algorithm of actions is quite simple and implies the existence of such processes:

  1. Waterproofing: the film is laid with an overlap of 10-15 cm and fixed with nails or construction tape.
  2. Installation of horizontal batten. Metal slats are used. The pitch is calculated individually according to this scheme: 1/3 of the panel length. At the same time, the lowest plank should rise above the ground at a distance of 15 cm. The resulting gap should correspond to the size of the insulation plus 3 cm for ventilation.
  3. Laying heat insulator and vapor barrier.
  4. From the bottom of the batten, at the corners, the first plank (corner profile) is fixed.
  5. Subsequent panels are fastened in the starting plate and loosely screwed with screws. From the bonnet to the panel there should be a 3 mm gap, since the material may change in volume under the influence of atmospheric phenomena.
  6. For a protruding base, a special ebb is installed on top.

The unique production technology of siding allows you to transfer the texture of expensive wood, natural stone and other materials.

Ceramic tile

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Clinker

As a facing material, you can use and clinker tiles. Clinker tiles are very popular in the modern building materials market. The surface can be different:

  • smooth;
  • untreated;
  • to imitate bricks;
  • to imitate paving stones.

When finishing the basement of a house with ceramic tiles, the following works are assumed:

  1. Cleaning the surface and leveling with special mixtures.
  2. Priming.
  3. Preparation of the adhesive composition according to the instructions on the package. Drawing on the foundation layer with a thickness of 4 mm.
  4. Begin laying from the outer corner. Particular attention is paid to vertical seams, which should not coincide. For the convenience of creating smooth seams, it is recommended to use special crosses, which are then removed.
  5. The final step is to grout the joints with special cold-resistant compounds.

To emphasize the unity of the design of the whole house being created, the clinker tiles are used not only for decorating the base, but also for the corners of the walls.

When applying the solution, it is necessary to ensure that no voids form. Otherwise, in the winter time they will expand, and the tile will disappear.

Other materials

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Limestone finishing

Actually the list possible materials for decorating the foundation several times more. So it is possible to finish the base of the house with glass, limestone or fragments of ceramics. For these cases, it is recommended to perform the process in this way:

  1. Cleaning and leveling the surface.
  2. Calculations of the required amount of material, according to the allotted area for lining.
  3. Priming of the base with concrete carbonate. Removal of excess cement on the foundation.
  4. Applying tile glue or cement (depending on the chosen material for lining). Apply it in stages.
  5. Fixing the limestone or colored glass to the prepared base. Fix lightly tapping to release the air.
  6. Filling the voids between large pieces of small broken elements.
  7. Stripping seams.
  8. Coating the dried surface with varnish and mounting the protective visor over the projecting part of the foundation.

It is recommended to purchase at least 5% more material so that there is a stock.

Thanks to the finishing of the plinth, several problems can be solved at the same time: direct protection, additional thermal insulation, as well as giving a complete look. Only the owner himself can choose the best option, since the choice will depend on personal preferences and desires.Independently perform the lining is not so difficult, as can be seen from the above article.


How to make a basement tile finish, see below:


Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Metal strips

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Decorative concrete

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Decorative brick

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Marble crumb

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Wood paneling and front panels

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Stone paneling

Base decoration with your own hands - base facing (+ photos) Finishing with professional flooring

Read also:

How to install a basement siding

Basement insulation

Construction of the basement


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