It is pleasant to live in a house where it is warm and comfortable. To help in this can the right choice of heating radiators. The modern market is striking variety of these simple household appliances. Let's try to figure out which heating radiators are better suited for your apartment. Consider the main parameters that should be paid attention to.
Of course, reliability, durability and safety are important indicators. Of course, you are interested in the heating system to work properly and for many years. It is unlikely that anyone will like the options of unexpected flooding of neighbors due to damage to radiators. This possibility should be minimal. The duration of trouble-free operation is a very important parameter that should be taken into account when buying a radiator.
By far the second most important criterion is the efficiency of the heating equipment. After all, radiators are installed so that, regardless of the cold weather, the room always has the optimum air temperature. Radiators with better thermal conductivity will provide the owners with the most comfortable living.
It is important to choose radiators with the ideal combination: "price - quality". It's no secret to anyone: the modern standard of living forces many to save. Therefore, the cost of radiators is of considerable importance. By the way, each type of radiator has both disadvantages and advantages, because the ideal equipment has not yet been invented.
In modern high-rise buildings, water serves as a coolant. But passing through the pipes, such a coolant is a rather aggressive medium. Therefore, many radiators are subject to internal corrosion. Most modern heating radiators on the inside are covered with polymer protection. Note: steel radiators are less corrosive than aluminum. But the most reliable remains remain familiar to us iron products, as well as some bimetallic radiators.
An important parameter for efficient radiator operation is the working pressure. Therefore, in the radiator you choose, this indicator can not be less than the minimum value, which is 7 atm. Radiators with the characteristic of the pressure indicator of 15 atmospheres are the most optimal and are able to withstand water hammer.
All household radiators are qualified depending on the material used, the design. The modern market offers consumers steel, cast iron and the most popular aluminum and bimetallic radiators. Which of them are best suited in one way or another, try to figure it out.
Consider the most simple and familiar cast-iron radiators. Their working pressure is 9 atmospheres, the maximum test reaches 15 atmospheres.
The advantages of cast-iron heating devices include excellent corrosion resistance, undemanding of coolant purity. Because of this, cast iron radiators are widely used in urban homes equipped with central heating. After all, corrosion resistance is a very important parameter. In the summer of the heating systems must necessarily drain the water, leaving the heating device at the mercy of corrosion. The cast iron radiator will not rust in anticipation of the new heating season.
The internal bore of the cast-iron radiator has a large diameter. According to the laws of physics, this leads to a small hydraulic flow resistance. In this regard, cast iron radiators are successfully used by heating systems with natural circulation.
But still, the flaws are obvious. The main disadvantage: cast iron - too heavy metal. Consequently, radiators are heavy. This leads to the complication of the installation of such a heating system with the need to use reliable hardware.
Cast iron radiators are characterized by high thermal inertia. Therefore, they heat up for a long time, cool for a long time. This temperature mode is not very comfortable: for a long time the air remains cold or, on the contrary, too warm.
Hardly pig-iron radiators decorate an interior. Bulky heating systems always want to hide from prying eyes. Cleaning will have to be done often and carefully, because the cast-iron construction in the form of sections tends to accumulate dust abundantly.
Aluminum sectional radiators are noteworthy. They quickly conquered the market for heating appliances. Lightweight and easy to install, they confidently supplanted the heavyweights - cast iron radiators. Consider their obvious advantages.
Aluminum radiators have excellent heat dissipation. Therefore, in cold weather, the room heats up very quickly. The small mass of the radiator facilitates their easy transportation and installation.And another advantage: beautiful aluminum radiators fit perfectly into any modern interior.
The most popular models of aluminum radiators: 350mm and 500mm. The power and number of sections of the heating radiator depends on the area and height of the heated room.
Basically, two versions of radiators are made: extruded and cast. Depending on the purpose of the room, use aluminum radiators with a pressure parameter of 6 or 12 atmospheres.
Aluminum radiators, front view and side view.
Finally, pay attention to bimetallic sectional radiators. Undoubtedly, they combine the best qualities of steel radiators and aluminum ones. Inside they consist of steel, and on top they are covered with a beautiful aluminum shell. Durable steel of such a radiator withstands high pressure coolant than aluminum radiators cannot boast. It serves as a reliable protection against corrosion, which can also be called a great advantage of such radiators. The aluminum shell plays an important role. Thanks to her, bimetallic radiators have excellent heat dissipation and beautiful design.
Steel separates coolant from aluminum. Water moves through special steel tubes, heating aluminum panels that are attached to them. Indoor air quickly reaches a comfortable temperature.
Bimetallic radiator connected to the heating network.
In the post-Soviet space, panel steel radiators are not widespread. More readily of used in the US and Europe. The advantages of these radiators include: a high degree of heat transfer, reliability and durability. With a large area of such radiators, a sufficiently low coolant temperature is required for rapid heating of the room.
Panel steel heaters are characterized by the lowest convection. The air is heated evenly, which is comfortable and very healthy. Only the warm floor can enter a worthy competition with them. But unfortunately, it is better not to use such radiators in standard Russian heating systems. They do not withstand the high pressure coolant, which is observed in our central heating. If you have a private house, we advise you to pay very close attention to panel heating radiators.
Panel batteries are similar to convector-type devices, being their more advanced version.
A heating convector is a pipe to which thin steel plates are attached. The design is simple and rather primitive. They were often used in Soviet-built homes. But now, after some evolution, they have somewhat changed their appearance and functionality.
There is a very large selection on the market. Alongside with cheap and rather expensive, elite models of import production are offered. The most popular are electric convectors. They are used when installing a heated floor. A novelty is considered to be skirting convectors popular in Western countries.
In appearance, these rather modest, relatively cheap products have many advantages. The simplicity of the design provides convectors good reliability. Small dimensions do not interfere with the embodiment of design ideas.
Another big plus is the affordable price. A significant drawback is the low heat transfer in the convection method of heating. Simply put, the air is heated unevenly due to a kind of thermal draft.
The convectors of heating are on the left wall, on the right floor.
Products by design resemble cast-iron batteries. But at the same time they have a beautiful modern design. These are products of foreign manufacturers. When buying steel tubular batteries, one very important thing to consider is that they operate at low pressure. In the United States and European countries, heating systems are often installed in low houses and high pressure is not generated when the coolant moves.
Therefore, before buying a beautiful foreign radiator, carefully read the accompanying technical documentation. Pay special attention to the properties and characteristics of products. Make the final purchase decision only in case of absolute certainty that this radiator will be suitable for working in difficult domestic conditions.
Tubular radiator of heating.