In this article we will explain how to make a sauna in the apartment with our own hands, consider the various options for the location and types of saunas, as well as give photos and video instructions. First of all, it is necessary to choose the right room for the sauna.
The ideal option is to assume the bathroom - it already has all the communications you need, and to accommodate the sauna you will not need to take additional permits from interested organizations. However, often under the sauna give pantry, balconies, or even attach it to one of the walls of a large room. In these cases, redevelopment of the apartment will have to be coordinated.
The second point that you should definitely pay attention to when setting up a sauna is electrical wiring. Since initially the sauna in the apartment was not provided for, the electric cables to the load from the furnace were not calculated. Therefore, it will have to be replaced and, perhaps, immediately in the whole apartment (it is better to do this to an electrician-professional).
Sizes of saunas for an apartment
The third point is the sauna stove itself. It must be electric and only factory made (no homemade products even from the best local craftsmen!). It is also not allowed to make any improvements to the factory furnace. Elektrokamenka should turn off automatically after 8 hours of operation and have a power suitable to the volume of the room allocated for the sauna.
The fourth point is fire safety. Since the sauna is electricity, wood (a very combustible material!) And a sufficiently high temperature, then fire safety issues must be approached thoroughly:
It should be possible to quickly and freely switch off the electric “automatic machine” to which the sauna stove is connected, while you are not using it (this is especially important if There are or come to visit children, who like to turn everything on and off.
Fifth moment: the door to the sauna should be specially made, it is desirable that it be glass (otherwise the sauna will look like a small wooden box that can cause claustrophobia). And you need to acquire it even before you begin to build the frame of the sauna.
The sauna for an apartment has a number of advantages that should be considered when deciding on its arrangement:
Given these positive aspects, you may decide to purchase a mini-sauna for an apartment. However, consider the obvious lack of such an installation. It lies in the fact that there is not always free square meters in a residential apartment.
There are several types of saunas for installation in an apartment. They differ not only in price, but also in design, volume, heating method and other additional functions. Consider the most common saunas.
The area of such a sauna is 1.2 m 2 . If you have a small family, then this is a great solution. Its main advantage is the ease of installation. As a rule, the factory assembly is a wooden frame, which is complemented by shields. For its assembly is enough two people.
A sauna with an electric heater already has vapor and heat insulation in its structure. Therefore, in addition to the assembly will need to make a connection to the water supply and sewage.
For such a sauna plan will require a minimum of space. Moreover, it is not necessary to additionally strengthen the wiring. Based on the name, the design resembles the shape of a barrel. The entrance is located on the side. If it sits on the bench, the body is completely immersed in it, and outside only the head.
The use of phyto barrels is important when steaming the body with medicinal herbs and various flavors, which has a positive effect on human health.
This type of sauna is represented by a frame that is covered with a cloth. By the principle of action, a portable sauna is similar to a phyto barrel. In her head is not amenable to thermal influence. This device is relatively inexpensive, has a small weight and does not take up much space. The main advantage is ease of use. It is enough to have a working outlet near the device.
In this case, an infrared emitter is used for heating. Although the temperature regime is considered to be gentle in it, in the region of 40-60 ° С, the skin is rather deeply heated in it. Therefore, it can be not only adults, but also children, as well as the elderly with heart and vascular diseases. One of the advantages of the installation is that it consumes a bit of electricity.
If the room in the apartment is large, you can seriously think about purchasing a Finnish sauna. It can simultaneously be several people at once. It uses dry steam to heat up to 90-100 ° C and this is the main difference from the other saunas listed above.
This sauna can rightly be called exotic. It is very rarely installed in an apartment, because for this it is necessary:
A steam generator is specially installed to get steam in a Turkish bath.
Some restrictions on the use of the sauna in the apartment may not be sufficiently powerful. Moreover, if the apartment has an electric stove, the power is over 3 kW, then the wiring will not be able to withstand the load. In this case, it will be necessary to make a small reconstruction of the wiring, and to purchase a sauna stove with a capacity of up to 2 kW. But with such power, the temperature in the sauna will gain a very long time. This, in turn, requires the arrangement of high-quality thermal insulation.
To install a sauna in an apartment, it is recommended to organize an individual supply of a power cable, which is connected directly to the shield.
Important requirements are also placed for wiring inside the sauna. For this, only the closed posting method should be used. The cable, in turn, must be heat resistant. The construction of the sauna should be grounded, and the UZO should be installed on the line.
If you use an electric stove with a capacity of up to 4 kW, it will not create a special load on the network. But at the same time to include the heater in the sauna is not recommended.
Relatively recently, the idea of installing a sauna in an apartment had to be abandoned. However, today, with the observance of a number of requirements, this idea can be realized. Thus, to install a mini-sauna in an apartment, one should observe a number of the following conventions:
In order to agree on a sauna in an apartment project, it is necessary to bypass such services - housing inspection, fire service, HOA, SES, etc. specify.
The sauna consists of a cabin and a special stove. The choice of furnace power depends on the area of the steam room. On average, 0.6 kW per 1 m 3 is calculated. If you buy more powerful equipment, you will have to spend more money to pay for electricity. If the oven is weak, then the sauna, respectively, will heat up longer.
As for the cab itself, you can make it yourself or purchase a ready-made factory model. Aspen, linden or conifers of trees are mainly used for the framework. Aluminum or galvanized steel can be used to build a floor frame, but you can also use wood by erecting a slatted floor.
You should also install the sun loungers. Their number depends on the size of the room. They can also have different shapes, for example, G or U-shaped.
Once you have been fully and efficiently solved all five of the above issues related to the arrangement of the sauna, you can proceed to the construction process itself.
We build the sauna frame. For this we need wood (timber), drill, dowels and screws for fastening the timber to the wall, asphalt (it will play the role of the outer insulation layer), a tool for working with wood, a construction level, a tape measure, a pencil.
Sauna for a city apartment
The simplest option is to attach the frame beam horizontally straight to the walls selected under sauna room. In cases where this is not possible (the room is larger than the sauna planned for it), sufficiently thick wooden struts should be installed between the floor and the ceiling (the horizontal frame made of timber will be attached to them in the future).
The distance between a bar horizontally fixed on the wall should be as follows:
The entire timber is aligned in one plane along the side that “looks” inside the future sauna.
The ceiling frame is made of wide planks with a pitch of 60-70 cm. And do not forget about the vertical stands around the opening, to which the door frame will be fixed.
Around the air intake and exhaust vents make sure to make a "frame" of the beam.
Wiring. In the sauna, in addition to the electric furnace, there must be at least one lamp (the switch to it should be outside the sauna). Attract electrical wiring to an electrician who must put it in the metal hose.
The advantages of a sauna in an apartment
Sauna decoration. First, clapboard sheathes the ceiling, moving from the entrance to the sauna to the opposite wall. The cladding technology is as follows:
Insulation should only be non-combustible - mineral wool. It is impossible to take foam plastic for warming a sauna - it melts at a high temperature.
Shop. Support for the benches in the sauna are made of timber. If you are doing a bench above the bathroom, it is better to perform folding or removable. The support for the bench is fixed on three walls, and if necessary it is also installed a vertical stand with an emphasis on the floor.
The bench flooring is assembled from boards not less than 80 cm wide and not less than 20 mm thick in two rows (longitudinal and transverse). The width of the bench on which they will lie should not be less than 70 cm.
Stove for sauna
The next step is to install the heater (sauna stove) in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and fix the lights. With the help of screws, you should attach a thermometer, vent valves and, of course, an hourglass to the wall paneling.
And the last thing - the preparation of the sauna for use: on the first day it is heated with the ventilation valves open and the doors reach 50-60 degrees, on the second day at the same temperature (but the doors and valves closed) they are kept for 3-4 hours , on the third day, they heat up to 90 degrees and maintain it for 3 hours; on the fourth day, the sauna can be heated to 100 degrees for 3 hours, and then at maximum heating for half an hour, periodically pour water onto the stones.
If no defects have been identified during these four days, the sauna can be operated as usual.
As for the prices for a sauna for an apartment, they are different. It all depends on its type and configuration. Below we give approximate prices for some types of saunas:
This video tells about the phased construction of a sauna in the apartment:
There are various options for saunas that can be installed in a residential apartment:
Infrared mini sauna
A beautiful option
Compact for two
With frosted glass
In a city apartment
On the ba horse
Sauna in the bathroom
Sauna corner format