The Rococo style in the interior appeared in the middle of the 18th century as a natural continuation of the development of the Baroque style. In the Rococo style, interiors of the palace premises were created, in particular, the royal state bedrooms and living rooms. Rococo emphasized the magnificence of the decoration of rich Catholic cathedrals. Today, designers once again embody this sophisticated style in the atmosphere of country houses, studio apartments, music salons, banquet halls of restaurants and halls of respectable hotels.
The term Rococo translated from French means "shell, curl, rokail". This is not surprising, since the most popular Rococo patterned motif is the ear-shaped curl. The term rococo refers to the style in art of the beginning of the XVIII century. In this style they decorated the interior of public and private premises, built magnificent buildings, painted pictures and music, sewed fashionable clothes, composed pastoral and erotic odes. The monumental architectural monuments erected in rococo style include Amalienburg near Munich, the Chinese Palace in Oranienbaum.
The Chinese Palace in Oranienbaum.
For rococo, characteristic features in the interior are:
The rococo style in the interior became widespread in European countries at the beginning of the 18th century - Germany, Spain, France, Bavaria, Italy. Representatives of aristocracy and nobility built country houses in this style. The summer residences of the rulers were also made to be made in the style of exaggerated baroque - this was how the new rococo style formed at that time. She wanted to know guests in the richly decorated ceremonial halls, which gradually turned into cozy sitting rooms, becoming more feminine, playful. Already in the middle of the 18th century, a new rational style, classicism, replaced the refined and flirtatious rococo.
An interesting fact is the reception of the use in the interiors of Rococo Chinese motifs, paintings, decor items, in particular dishes. It was fashionable at the time, but it becomes relevant today. The ubiquity of Chinese food, culture, martial arts again makes fashionable Rococo interiors with Chinese subtopics fashionable. Modern interiors are certainly different from the palace halls, lush basil and languid boudoir. But the rococo style in them is easily guessed by the characteristic furniture on the curved legs, Chinese porcelain and lush curtains with lambrequins.
Modern rococo bedroom.
Ordinary residential premises without high ceilings, large areas and general symmetry are suitable for organizing a room in accordance with the rococo canons. In this style designers design modern small offices, bedrooms, bathrooms. But most of all the style is seen in the interior of the living room or public interior.
The interior of a small living room.
When shaping the space of a room, the following factors should be taken into account:
Unlike the heavy baroque with its rich color range, the rococo in the interior is distinguished by the use of pastel colors. The historical interiors of palaces and country residences of the 18th century are distinguished by the combination of such colors:
White and gold.
White and light blue.
Light green and pale pink.
Light shades of pink, green and blue.
Beige or sand and gold.
The rococo style in the interior continues the baroque tradition and actively uses the technique of wall painting of walls and ceilings of rooms. The plot line of the drawings is built on mythology, but more on human relations. Most of all, the theme of love and relationships between a man and a woman is visible.Rococo is recognizable by the image of the sky, clouds and angels in the clouds. Such a theme necessarily adorned the palace vaults.
The most recognizable style patterns:
1. Shell, shell - auricle-shaped pattern, used in various variations and combinations of ornaments.
2. Cartouche was used to decorate walls, framed by various curls; the shape of the cartouche is used in the furniture theme, giving it the silhouette of the back of the chair.
3. Angels - they were usually depicted as winged Cupids.
4. Floral motifs — a pattern of various colors was performed in color, giving them natural features, or they depicted the silhouette of flowers, turning them into a floral gold pattern.
The floral motif of the wall painting.
The design of modern rooms in the rococo style is not so bright and theatrical. Most often they use the most iconic color solution - white and gold - for living rooms and public spaces. Modern bedrooms make out in sand, the muffled green, cream scale.
Bedroom design in a stylized modern rococo.
The wall plane is an object of art in rococo. The walls were decorated with various stucco elements, paintings, paintings, decor, mirrors, silk and paper patterned wallpaper. Usually the plane of the wall was divided visually into several segments, filling each with a specific type of decor.
To repeat this design of the walls, modern designers use the following techniques:
A way to decorate walls.
Tip: The wall separation technique with a visual horizontal line separating the panels works well. In the upper part distribute mirrors, paintings in patterned frames, framed by moldings. Patterned wallpaper will be suitable for decorating the bottom.
Like historical counterparts, modern ceilings in rococo rooms are richly decorated, giving them maximum attention. To repeat the complex design of surfaces in the style of palace premises, use such techniques:
1. Low rectangular ceilings with a flat surface painted in a single color. For example, white or beige. Along the perimeter of the ceiling and the wall, parallel to each other, cornices are interrupted by patterned motifs. The center of the ceiling is decorated with a polyurethane patterned rosette that decorates a beautiful crystal chandelier.
Furnishing a modern living room with a low ceiling.
2. The ceiling is divided into sections, decorating each with separate motifs. Stucco is painted in white or gold color. Use high-relief images of angels. In the center, a large chandelier is hanged on a long suspension, designed for a large number of light bulbs.
Living room-office in the style of rococo.
3. For the decoration of high semicircular ceilings, multicolor images of angels, flowers, and heaven in combination with diverse moldings are chosen. It should be a lot. Molded elements are arranged so that they smoothly move from the walls to the ceiling, tending to the center.
Tip: to decorate the ceiling, select the most delicate and varied stucco molding in the form of shells, curls, torn with cartouches, bulging orders, flowers and angels. Decorate with a similar decor columns, windows, doorways and walls. Then the design of the room will look harmonious.
The authentic design of the palace ceiling.
The floor is more restrained compared to the walls and ceiling. For its finishing choose the floorboard, glossy laminate and tile, artistic parquet. An important condition for flooring, emphasizing the style, is a glossy shine, giving solemnity to the room. In the bedroom and living room rococo floors are covered with carpets with a decorative pattern.
Method of laying art flooring on the floor.
It is precisely artistically decorated furniture that gives the palace color to modern rooms. It usually has a small size, beautiful design, comfortable design.The variety of furniture items in the rococo style is great - these are sofas, stools, high-back chairs, armchairs, beds, couches and benches. They are distinguished by the curved shape of the legs, beautiful silk or satin upholstery with a floral or oriental ornament, gilding, mosaic, inlay, artistic carving. Furniture is selected from natural wood (linden or walnut), decorated with curling ornaments of flowers and vines. The unique items that appeared in the Rococo era are considered to be a secretary, a closet for important papers (cantonniere).
Rococo textiles are not as heavy and dark as baroque. However, it retains the shape, volume, abundance of fabric and pattern. For window decoration, choose beautiful multilayer curtains with lambrequins. On the bed buy a quilted bedspread with embroidery and fringe. Choose pillows with beautiful decoration, embroidery and textile inserts. Decorate the dining area with a tablecloth to match the upholstery of the chairs.
Curtains characteristic of the style.
The room is well illuminated with a large pendant chandelier with 7–12 horns. Light bulbs are screwed into it, shaped like candles. If the ceiling occupies a large area, several large chandeliers are installed to illuminate it. And in the room additional floor lamps are installed, the walls are equipped with sconces. Chandeliers are selected with a bronze, gilded metal base with crystal or glass hangers. Lighting features such as candlesticks add color to the room. They can perform a purely decorative role.
A large gilded chandelier.
If the modern room is overwhelmed with decor, trying to create an atmosphere of wealth and luxury of the palaces, then it can take on the look of a museum room. Therefore, the decor in the room should be in moderation.
What decorates a room:
Gold-plated watches with stucco or sculptural elements.
Dolls with porcelain faces;
Vases with painting.