Wood as a building material has undoubtedly many advantages. However, the peculiarity of the tree is that it can rot over time. As a rule, lower, fixed rims in a wooden house are most often affected. This may be due to improper use of the house, deformation, poor quality waterproofing. In addition, the lower part of the building is experiencing the greatest load, and therefore it becomes unusable faster. Replacing rotted crowns is a difficult job. However, subject to all rules, it is quite possible to fulfill it, but on condition that you possess certain building skills.
Scheme of raising the house above the foundation and replacing the crown.
In the work on replacing the rotten crown, you will need the following materials and tools:
There are several ways to change the crown of a wooden house.
It often happens that the crown has partially rotted, that is, only part of it has suffered. In this case, resorting to the simplest way - the replacement of the rotten area.
In this case, the procedure will be as follows:
Tools for replacing the rims.
This method does not require much time and effort, but at the same time the integrity of the log is violated.
For a quality and thorough repair of the lower crowns you will need a jack. It is easier to work with a columnar base. In this case, the base for the jack is made between the pillars (for this you can use a concrete block, a shield of 50x50 planks). Note that a stove or fireplace must be installed on a separate foundation. But before you raise a house, you need to be very thoroughly prepared for work:
Layout of the walls with the help of struts: 1 - washer; 2 - bolt; 3 - compress; 4 - strut; 5 - staples.
After completing all the preparatory activities, you can begin lifting the house.
First you need to prepare a place for a jack. He must rest on the upper serviceable crown. To do this, in the lower logs that will change, you need to cut a segment to install the jack. After that, measure the height of the jack with the stem raised and lowered and compare it with the height from the ground to the beam, which will need to rest the jack. Sometimes for its installation it is necessary to pull up undermining. Then a solid base is prepared for the jack. In total you need 4 jacks. They should be installed by stepping away from the corner of the building 80-100 cm.
Ensure that lifting the house on the jacks occurs evenly.
Having completed all the work, do not forget to process the crowns, this will prolong the service life and preserve the appearance of the wood. To do this, use a wood preservative and insect repellent. In addition, be sure to take care of high-quality waterproofing lower rims. To do this, lay 3 layers of roofing material, treated with bitumen mastic. And only after that the first mortgage crown is laid.
Repair of the crowns of a wooden house is a rather laborious and responsible work.
Therefore, if you have any doubts, it is advisable to enlist the support of professionals. It is desirable to carry out work in dry weather. Properly executed repair of rotted logs will allow the house to stand still for a long time, increasing the strength and reliability of the whole structure.
Didn't find the answer in the article? More information on the topic: