Most of us at least once had to engage in arranging the foundation foundation for buildings in our suburban area. At the same time, many of the private traders had to face the problem of preparing the foundation on clay soil, which is quite common in our regions.
It is for this reason that we would like to acquaint all interested readers with how to make a foundation on clay for the house with our own hands. Immediately we warn that all attempts to save on materials in the preparation of such a foundation can lead to a deplorable result. The fact is that, with seeming solidity, clay soils can conceal a lot of trouble, so that when constructing support structures on clay, it is necessary to strictly fulfill all technological requirements.
Even a non-professional understands that the difficulties of preparing foundations on clayey soil are connected, first of all, with the possibility of its subsidence and the so-called "swelling". In order to avoid such troubles, it is necessary with all responsibility to approach the choice of the type of supporting structure that can become a reliable basis for the future structure. When choosing a foundation suitable for clay soil, it is necessary to proceed from the following conditions:
Immediately before choosing the type of support base you will need to decide on the following parameters:
For most varieties of clay soil, the most common types of foundation bases can be used - pile or belt. In this case, the tape base is best to choose in the case of a homogeneous soil, while pile foundations are more suitable for clayey soils with a low content of hard (stony) inclusions.
Pile and tape foundations
When choosing a foundation, you should take into account the magnitude of the load on the soil, which is proportional to the working mass of the erected structure. For lightweight constructions (greenhouses or sheds, for example), a pile foundation or a shallow strip foundation is quite suitable. For a massive brick house, you will need to prepare a block or reinforced monolithic support structure.
When organizing foundation work on clay soils, the following points should be taken into account:
Before In order to make a foundation on clay for a house, it would not be superfluous to familiarize yourself with an exemplary plan for preparing a strip base for a small country house. The full cycle of the working operations performed in this case is usually described by the following sequence:
You have familiarized yourself with the different types of foundations and the main requirements for their construction. Now it will be easy to choose a suitable foundation for your building and start building it.
We recommend watching the video on possible errors during the construction of foundations, in order to avoid them when carrying out the work yourself.