Over the centuries, pavement has defended its leadership position and it succeeds without any difficulty! This is explained by the fact that a beautiful, wear-resistant and durable surface fits perfectly into any architecture of the city and the landscape design of a country house.
What is paving stone
Paving stone is granite or basalt pavement, designed for laying pavement, sidewalks and garden paths. Bridges are stacked from roughly treated and unprocessed “raw” granite or paving stones. Stone paving elements are used with a flat surface of the same shape and size. For the device of large roads mainly sawn and chipped rectangular pavement is ground and ground.
Methods of laying pavers
There are several ways of laying pavers. Each technology differs from each other in the preparation of the base under the coating and the purpose of the coating. The only thing that unites the ways is the material used. At any option of laying the stone and sand is used.
As a rule, pavement is laid on pedestrian areas, carriageways and parking areas, and is also used as a blind area around a building.
Marking the area
Before laying the pavement, first all you need to do is to start laying the protective coating and mark up the plots, paths where the granite or paving will be laid. Then in vain to prepare the base.
The process of preparing the base is as follows:
The perimeter of the section where it is necessary to lay the stone blocks, is surrounded by pegs, and the cord is tied to and tied to them. Then, determine the slope of the soil.
Slope should be limited to drainage systems. Do not make a bias towards the basement of the building.
If, as such, there is no bias, then it is constructed artificially using imported soil or river sand. But after waking up the layer, the ground must be soaked with water and allow it time to stand, so that the loose layer of the donkey and compacted.
To speed up the process of preparing the base, it is necessary to remove the soil layer from the lowland, lay it on the missing section and compact it mechanically using a road roller.
Laying on light footprints
This method is intended for laying finishing material on footpaths of light traffic.
The base for footpaths is equipped with geotextiles, rubble, sand, paving stones and lean concrete. As auxiliary equipment it is necessary to use a rake, a rubber hammer and a manual rammer.
Upon completion of the marking work, we proceed to the laying of the base of geotextiles, on top of which a crushed stone layer sprinkles 15-25 cm, and with a rake form a layer with a slope. Then compaction of the primary layers by hand tamping. Next, go to the secondary base device, using geotextiles and sand.
The layer of sand should not be less than 10 cm.
Matching paving stones
The secondary layer is re-spilled with water and curbs are installed around the perimeter. As a basis for the curb, you must use lean concrete. To fix the curb, you need a cement-sand mortar and sand.
So, the process of preparing the base and setting up the curbs is over, we proceed to the next stage - laying the paving stones. Stone elements are stacked close to the slope. In the pivot and curved places allowed the gap between the pavement. So that at the time of operation the paving stones do not fall out, the gap between the paving stones is filled with sand.
Each row laid out of paving stones is sealed with a rubber hammer. Upon completion of laying the surface is washed with a weak stream of water.
Laying on a large area
The second method of laying paving stones is designed for the device of foot roads of the big square. Technology laying little different from the previous method. The only difference is the laying of the secondary layer. Instead of geotextiles, dry cement-sand mixture and lean concrete are used.
One of the options for laying paving stones
In order to secure the pavement to the base, it is reinforced with a road net and tamped.
Laying on a concrete base
The third method differs in many ways from previous methods. It is used for device otmostok and roads, and on the problem ground.
Initially, 20 cm of crushed stone is poured onto the ground and wooden formwork is made.Then they put reinforced concrete 3cm thick and the grid - all this is poured with concrete.
The installation of the curbs is carried out according to the previous technology on lean concrete.
A concrete pad is sprinkled with a dry cement-sand mixture from 2 to 5 cm and no more. The paving stones are leveled and laid. The resulting gaps are filled with sand, the excess sand from the surface is washed off with water.
From this video you will learn how to lay pavement tiles on a thread:
Detailed instructions for laying pavers: