It is becoming more and more prestigious to live outside the bustling city, but the problem of providing the site with clean drinking water is scaring many. To solve it, it is necessary to build a well, which is what most of the owners of country houses do. This facility must be reliable and efficiently perform its direct functions.
In order for the well to not collapse from low temperatures, it is recommended to warm it before the onset of cold weather.
The construction market offers a wide range of insulation materials with suitable characteristics. In the article we will describe how to insulate the well without help, using the most affordable simple insulation.
When insulation is required
Well made from wood, practically does not need warming, as well retains heat. Such designs can be insulated only from above, that is, the cover. For this, a well cover is made from the tree and mounted inside the well. Such a simple device will help protect the well construction not only from temperature drops, but also from snow and debris.
Modern designs for water are often made of reinforced concrete. In general, this increases the service life of such facilities, but their cost increases in proportion. When installing reinforced concrete structures, you need a lot of strength, and sometimes the help of special equipment.
Due to the high thermal conductivity of concrete, the owners of wells are forced to engage in the insulation of their facilities.
When the occurrence of water in reinforced concrete wells below the level of freezing of the ground, you can do without insulation, but if it is higher, it turns into a mandatory procedure.
How to prevent freezing
To make well construction did not freeze, it is necessary to take care of warming during its construction. If the well is used only in the summer, the insulation can not be done. In this case, before leaving, you need to clean the building and treat it with one of the disinfecting compounds.
If the well is planned to be used the whole year, then you need to equip it. Water pipes should be laid below the level to which the soil freezes. If a pump is used, it must also be additionally insulated (placed in a caisson pit or a room with heating). From above the well is protected by a wooden structure.
To insulate the base of the structure, it is necessary to place a special material that retains heat in the resulting space (between the building itself and the wooden trim). This may be expanded clay, polystyrene and others.
Insulate the source
You can warm the well by several in ways using different materials. You will learn more about the simplest methods of insulation.
As a heater, this material has been used for a long time. It is chosen because installation is easy and simple. The task of insulating a water source can be managed even alone. On the market, you can find polystyrene straight and semicircular shape, with its thickness and diameter may be different.
Before proceeding with the insulation, it is necessary to dig a hole around a meter and a half deep around the well construction. Now you need to choose a suitable insulation, focusing on its diameter.
Stud-groove - these are the connecting elements that will be needed to secure the insulating material. Now you can bury the structure and cover it with a warm lid. If the well needs to be cleaned or repaired, then the polystyrene shells can be easily removed and, after the end of all the procedures in the same way, easily return to the place.
Polystyrene does not lose its shape even under the pressure of the layer of the earth, due to its stable structure. This material is also resistant to fungi, bacteria and mold, that is, it does not allow them to develop. About a quarter of a century polystyrene retains its insulating characteristics on the same level. The same applies to its mechanical properties.
Lack of material - resistance to ultraviolet. To protect polystyrene, it is necessary to cover it with foil on top or paint over it with oil paint.
How to insulate a well with an isolon, you don’t have to tell, because everything is simple. On the one hand, this material has an adhesive backing and, on the other hand, it is covered with foil. Isolon, you just need to wrap our design, and the insulation is complete.
This material has unique qualities that allow it to be used in space and beyond the Arctic Circle. Polyurethane foam insulation is resistant to decay, environmentally friendly (does not emit toxic substances).It is important that a mouse can never live in this material, and it does not absorb moisture.
Do not forget that when working with polyurethane foam, the temperature should be within +20 - +30 degrees. If such conditions are not met, foaming of the mixture will be low, which will increase its consumption.
Around the perimeter of the well it is necessary to dig a trench to the level where the earth is frozen. There is no need to prepare a concrete surface. Before warming the well, the components of the polyurethane foam mixture must be mixed in the indicated proportion and heated, then placed in a spray gun.
The result is a three-centimeter insulation layer, which can be covered with ultraviolet foil or painted with paint.
We told you about a few simple and cheap ways of insulating a well construction. Now the water in the well will always be fresh and will not freeze. The materials used have high thermal insulation qualities, but their cost remains within acceptable limits.
Did you carry out work on the warming of the well in the garden plot? What materials have been used and how effective are they? Share your experience with our readers in the comments to the article.
We suggest watching a video about the simplest and most effective method of well insulation.