Today, the fireplace has already ceased to be a vital heating structure and in most cases serves as an original element of the interior. However, the fireplace can still be considered as an additional source of heat, but only while it is burning. This is what determines, in the main, its location - summer houses and country houses, in which it is customary to install a fireplace in a large hall.
Decorating with stone
The device and the laying of the fireplace are a bit simpler than other foci (for example, stoves ) and therefore it is possible to make a small fireplace by yourself. In the article we will tell how to lay the fireplace itself out of bricks.
Choosing a place
Before you start laying out the fireplace , it is worth deciding in what room you will do it. The minimum area of the room required to ensure the normal operation of the fireplace (without cold drafts or excessive heating) is 20 square meters. meters The ratio of the opening area of the fireplace firebox to the area of the room should be in the range from 1:70 to 1:80.
The most popular option is to set up a fireplace in the wall opening so that its back wall faces the adjoining room.
If you lay out a fireplace near a partition made of combustible materials, you must pay attention to the observance of fire safety standards, that is, you must perform a vertical fire-fighting installation.
Functional types of fireplaces
The next step is the selection of fireplace drawings that contain all masonry rows (if you are a beginner, then choose a simplified version that does not require complicated fitting bricks or putting them at an angle).
Now you should prepare the necessary materials to lay down the fireplace yourself:
The foundation device for fireplaces and stoves
So as a fireplace, it must necessarily have its own foundation (not in contact with the foundation of the walls of the house), it must be completed in advance, no less than two weeks before the laying of the fireplace. This will allow the foundation (the material of which can be not only reinforced concrete, but also rubble stone or brick) to gain the necessary strength. For a quarry, brick or rubble foundation, a cement-lime or cement mortar should have a grade not lower than 50.
The foundation depth for the fireplace must be at least as deep as the soil freezes in your area, and the geometric dimensions of the foundation in the plan are strictly match the shape of the fireplace, taking into account the "allowance" of 50-100 mm on all sides.
Before you make the foundation for a fireplace, you should make sure that when laying the chimney does not rest against the beams of the attic or truss system.
Laying the foundation for the fireplace Getting down to building the foundation for the fireplace:
When performing the upper part of the foundation (protruding above the ground), large stones can be used as a formwork, laid around the perimeter of the foundation.
The foundation should not reach 14-15 centimeters to the level of a clean floor. The upper surface of the foundation under the fireplace should be flat and strictly horizontal.
Making sure that the solution foundation finally hardened, you can start laying the fireplace:
Fireplace in a country house
In the following video you will see how the fireplace is being built:
After watching the following video, you will learn what features there are air circulation in the fireplace and how to optimize heating with a fireplace: