Any lumber is produced by ripping a log. The result is the necessary for the construction and repair of bars, slats, boards of various thickness. In the construction are used only dry lumber. They have higher quality performance. For drying wood at home, a special lumber dryer can be equipped with your own hands. The construction process of this facility will take a lot of time. But as a result, the home master will always be provided with high-quality material for performing various works.
The quality of the timber depends on how dry the wood is. The humidity of the timber should be 12%.
Building a simple dryer for drying small volumes of wood with your own hands in natural conditions consists of several stages:
The device dryer for lumber.
In such a dryer, the material is blown with air, the moisture gradually evaporates, and the humidity level decreases.
The wood is most effectively dried in a special drying chamber. It can install automatic systems that control the entire process of drying wood of specific species. At the exit, the lumber will have a predetermined level of humidity. This camera can also be built with your own hands. But this construction will cost a lot of money. For construction you will need:
Scheme of wood drying in the drying chamber.
Construction is carried out in the following order:
A small number of boards can be dried inside the house or cottage. The dryer is arranged as follows:
Drying wood at home.
Before drying, check the moisture level of the material. This is done using a moisture meter. High humidity causes early wear of buildings, mold and mildew. Overdried wood deforms due to moisture absorption and swelling. Drying wood is usually carried out to a moisture level of about 8-12%. So that it does not crack, experts recommend that the ends of the boards be treated with a mixture of drying oil and sifted chalk. According to its consistency, the mixture resembles thick sour cream.
Timber can be dried both with and without bark. Just need to remember that birch, aspen, poplar and beech in the bark can be affected by rot. In general, the drying process can last up to 2 weeks. During this time, temperature drops in the dryer cannot be allowed. There must be a fire extinguisher in the dryer room. This is required by the safety rules.
Infrared drying of wood.
The camera should not be immediately heated to a high temperature. In normal mode, it works as follows:
As an additional equipment, you can install an automatic device in the drying chamber. Its properties:
Scheme of the gas dryer.
For the operation of the system, it is sufficient to set the thickness and the species of timber, the desired final moisture. The system helps to dry various wood species: pine, spruce, oak, birch, beech, linden, ash, maple, alder, hornbeam, poplar, aspen, sycamore. Every 2 hours automatic equipment takes readings of humidity and temperature and makes the necessary adjustments to the work of all air heating systems and room ventilation. The approximate cost of such a system ranges from 400-450 $.
It is quite troublesome and expensive to build a dryer with your own hands.
But the result covers all costs. This is especially important for those who manufacture wooden products such as furniture and woodcarving. Dry wood is several times more expensive than raw wood. In addition, you can achieve a certain indicator of the moisture content in your own dryer. Everything can be done independently with a great desire and the availability of a suitable place.
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