Do-it-yourself air conditioner repair is not the easiest thing. After all, not every master is familiar with the device of climate technology. However, today many of these systems have special indicators that indicate the nature of the breakdown. It helps to cope with some common problems in the home. Malfunctions of air conditioners are divided into the most common ones that can be fixed by yourself and those that require serious repairs in service. The following are the most common problems.
The causes of a malfunctioning air conditioner in this case can be ridiculously simple. First you need to believe the remote. He, too, can fail. In the remote can simply sit down batteries.
If these methods did not help, then it’s time to contact a specialist. Because the causes of failure can be very much. Without special knowledge, fix the device will not work.
Air conditioning is dripping
If water is dripping from the air conditioner or condensate forms in its walls, there may be several reasons for this problem. Most often this suggests improper use of equipment. For example, the owner could start the cooling mode in the air conditioner at a time when there were low temperatures. This could well cause a plug in the drain wire.
The filter is clogged
Blockage of block filters - the third most common problem. To eliminate it, you must first clean the air conditioning panel. Often there you can find a pile and dust. It can appear from carpets and various woolen products. Before you repair the air conditioner, you need to make sure that the filters are to blame.
Symptoms of clogged filters are sharp drafts and cooling in the room. If water and condensate were found along with this, then the problem could be a defective drainage system.
In the event of a defective drainage system, simply cleaning the panel is not enough.
Installation of the indoor unit of the split-system
Installation of the split-systems causes no less questions than repairs. After all, a lot also depends on the correct installation of the air conditioner. Some problems with air conditioning devices occur precisely because of improper installation. Of course, installation is most often produced by professionals. However, this can be done independently. The main thing is to figure out how to do it right.
Installation of the outdoor unit
If unforeseen malfunctions occur, you will need to contact a specialist. Air conditioners from leading companies usually install the installation team. Installation of the device is a very important procedure. Often the reasons for the failure of the air conditioner lie in the wrong installation. Defects that the unit has received due to improper installation are not amenable to warranty service, and this should be remembered.
In addition to the three main problems that may occur with similar installations in the domestic environment, the malfunction of the air conditioner may be different. All failures can be divided into two parts:
The most common problems with the refrigeration circuit arise from the leakage of freon. The reason for this lies in 90% of cases in the improper installation of the structure. With regular service installation, such problems are solved by refueling. However, at home there is no constant check of the air conditioner. In addition, the leak can be quite intense.
If the air conditioner does not work well, then it should be fully diagnosed.
Begin diagnostics by checking the status of heat exchangers. They must function in such a way that nothing will disturb them. Interference may be the most common dirt or dust.
After that, proceed to check the integrity of the circuit. If the suction pressure in the system falls below zero, then it is likely that not only air but also water got inside. Having discovered such a problem, you should immediately start repairing the system, because you cannot operate the air conditioner in this condition.
If there is a shortage of freon, danger first of all threatens the system compressor. It can:
A shortage of freon can be fatal for the system as a whole. Therefore, this problem must be resolved urgently. In some cases, avoiding freon refueling is no longer possible. We'll have to:
Tools such as leak indicators will help detect a freon leak in a timely manner. They are added to the refrigerant. If a leak occurs, it becomes obvious.
Other means - special electronic devices for searching for leaks. They flash the refrigerant.
Electronic problems - another headache for the air conditioner owner. Most often, either a compressor or a condenser suffers. To fix these devices at home is extremely difficult.
In general terms, the operation of the air conditioner is presented in the following video: