Arrangement of the well with your own hands - we arrange the well independently

Although it is already a lot to drill a well, this is not all. Of course, it is required to restore order, but, even if there is no desire to make beauty, you still need to perform a set of works for convenient use. This article will discuss how to build a well with your own hands by doing the necessary work. Consider them in order.

Preparatory work

Arrangement of the well with your own hands - we arrange the well independently

Since the caisson is installed at great depths where the frost does not penetrate, it is possible to place a pumped storage tank, pump, compressor or other necessary equipment for which more space may be required than the standard caisson can accommodate.

In order to protect the well from debris, groundwater, and to protect it from freezing in the winter cold, a caisson is used - a waterproof container that has a round or square shape. By its appearance, it resembles a large metal barrel, but, unlike it, the caisson is coated with a special anti-corrosion compound, or it is glued over with glass glazing. Such protection significantly extends the life of this product. Caissons with a maximum height of 2 m and a width of 1 m are most often used, but depending on the needs they may be wider. What could be the reasons for this, we will consider later.

Installing a caisson

Arrangement of the well with your own hands - we arrange the well independently Additive around the caisson

In order to install the caisson you need dig a hole around the well in height and width of this product, with the expectation that the throat should rise 15 cm above the ground. The result should be a pit with a casing sticking out in the center. According to its size, you need to cut a hole in the bottom of the caisson, and immerse it in a dug pit. Cut off the excess section of the casing and weld it to the bottom of the caisson with electric welding. It remains to attach the pipe to this design, through which the water will be removed and connect the electrical cable coming from the pump.

All voids around the caisson need to be filled with soil, and only the lid should remain above the ground, through which the entrance to the structure will be carried out.

How to select and install a borehole pump

Arrangement of the well with your own hands - we arrange the well independently Install a borehole pump

In order to choose the right pump you need to consider several factors:

  • The degree of load on the well.
  • Desired water flow.
  • Depth to aquifer.
  • The type of mechanism for the well (if the depth of the aquifer is less than 9 m, a self-priming surface device is installed, whereas with a deeper water, a special well pump will be required).

The water level may drop with time, and then the vacuum pump will become useless. So, if the aquifer is in the border zone with this indicator (9 m), then it is better to be safe.

To ensure that the pump is securely fastened, a stainless steel cable is required, the amount of which must be purchased with a margin. It must be securely fastened to the pump with fasteners that do not rot in the water. Having attached a plastic pipe for water supply, lower the pump into the well so that it is one meter from the bottom, but be sure to be completely submerged in water. So, together with the pump, the well is lowered:

  1. Stainless steel cable (or steel cable with waterproof braid).
  2. Cable supplying power to the pump.
  3. Plastic pipe.

Before you begin to submerge the pump, ensure that the free end of the cable is fixed. This will prevent it from falling into the well.

After installing the pump, install a cap that will protect the well from something falling into it.

Installation of the accumulator and other control systems

Arrangement of the well with your own hands - we arrange the well independently Accumulator in the caisson

Ensure uninterrupted water supply during the construction of the well with their own hands would be unthinkable if the hydroaccumulator is not connected. It is possible to install this equipment both in the basement of the room and in the caisson itself. What is this device for? Thanks to his work, the pressure in the system is maintained, because when the pump is turned on, the tank is filled with water, and it enters the house not directly from the well, but from the hydraulic accumulator, which, pumping water into the tank, maintains constant pressure in it. Depending on the individual needs of the person, the installed volume of the tank can be from 10 to 1000 liters. This influences where it will be installed, since there must always be a place for free access to it, in case of a need for repair or replacement.

Now it’s time to install and set up automatic control systems that maintain the proper pressure in the system. This occupation is not easy, and requires certain knowledge and experience. In addition, work with electricity is associated with the possibility of electric shock.Therefore, if you don’t really have any idea what this is about and you don’t have any experience with electrical appliances, then it’s better to give this specialist a lesson.

If you approach this issue responsibly and do everything correctly, you will be able to use clean water for many years.


This video tells about the well adapter, with which you can do without the caisson in some cases.


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