Preparing walls for decorative plaster

At the final stage of finishing work, special importance is attached to such a procedure as alignment of the walls under the decorative plaster. This is explained by the fact that the well-known advantages of this unique coating are able to manifest themselves only when the surfaces of the walls are perfectly prepared for decoration.

At once we will make a reservation that the known methods of preparatory work do not differ significantly from similar activities carried out before painting or pasting walls with wallpaper. In addition, when implementing them, it is not at all necessary to achieve a completely flat wall surface, because, due to its plasticity, the applied material perfectly hides all the irregularities on it.

Preparatory work steps

Preparing walls for decorative plaster Sanding the walls after puttying

It should be understood that putting plaster is made only at the final stage of finishing works, when all window and door openings are already installed in their places, and the floor covering chosen by you is completely laid. Surface preparation in this case is performed according to the following scheme:

  • first of all, it is necessary to remove the remains of paint, wallpaper and old putty from the surface to be finished;
  • then the walls should be treated with a special primer ensuring achievement of a reducing (firming) effect;
  • in rooms with high humidity, in addition to priming, the walls must be treated with antifungal action;
  • the cracks on the walls will need to be embroidered and filled with a special repair compound. In the event that the cracks are very deep and wide - filling them with a special composition is done in several steps;
  • after the walls are fully primed, you can proceed to applying a base layer of putty to them, ensuring the final leveling of the surface and which is the basis for the subsequent finishing of its decorative plaster.

Preparing walls for decorative plaster Sealing of cracks and leveling

In a situation where you are planning to apply a thick layer of plaster with a pronounced structure, putty the surface of the wall is not necessary. But with a relatively thin layer of coating, preparation of a perfectly flat surface should be mandatory. Otherwise, all the irregularities of the base can not be hidden under a layer of decor, and the consumption of the material used will increase markedly.

After completing all the filler operations, you can proceed to sanding the surface of the walls using fine-grained emery paper.

Specialists' advice

Preparing walls for decorative plaster Surface treatment for plaster

Surface treatment is subject to a number of factors:

  • each of the applied layers of putty requires thorough drying (at least 2 days);
  • in order to avoid the appearance of cracks, experts recommend using "serpyanka" (so called special self-adhesive mesh);
  • after the final drying of the filler, it is desirable to treat the surface of the walls with an acrylic primer of deep penetration capable of ensuring good adhesion to decks proliferative coating
  • hardening of the primer layer in order to protect it from peeling can be made through the use of special impregnation. In this case, your chosen filler composition used in the preparation of the walls should have good absorbent properties (for example, the use of materials on an oil-adhesive or alabaster basis is not allowed).

The primer should be applied according to the following recommendations:

  • the thickness of the primer should be about 2 centimeters; with a smaller thickness, it will be difficult for you to get a high-quality and uniform decorative coating; for this procedure a piece of wet sponge is used).

A surface treated in this way will be completely ready for applying a layer of decorative plaster on it.

Test plastering

Preparing walls for decorative plaster

Special attention should be paid to the smooth transitions between the smooth and texture strips of the coating.



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