No electrical installation scheme can do without any connections, branching wires or cables. For this is a special box. It is located under the ceiling and is a round or square box made of polymer material.
In this article we will describe how to make the connections correctly, we will demonstrate the diagrams, photo and video instructions.
Connection wiring in junction box
There are cases when the installation of electrical wiring neglects the installation of such distributors, considering that this is just a waste of time, since the box must first be installed, then it must be connected to it, which will lead to additional difficulties. It's easier just to twist, insulate and trite plaster the wall. But here you need to think a little ahead, because in this case the important points are missing:
As can be seen, the distribution box plays an important role. But its installation is just the beginning. It remains to connect all the wires in it. What is the best way to do this? Let's look at some ways.
Types of connections of wires
What is the problem when connecting wires? Ensure good contact lived together, so that the chain does not break, and there is no risk of a short circuit. In order to ensure this, you can act in several ways:
These are proven methods over the years that you can use to ensure reliable contact. Let's take a closer look at each of them. You will learn how to properly connect the wires to any of these options.
Twist of wires
Such twisting in a junction box is officially prohibited. In the seventh edition of the EMP regulatory document, Chapter 2, paragraph 2. 1/21 lists all types of permissible connections, but they are not twisted. And this is not surprising, since such a contact is sensitive to the pulse current and has a large contact resistance. Over time, the contact will deteriorate and just burn out. Due to the fact that the contact area is small, with a heavy load, heating occurs and the contact is further weakened.
It is not recommended to use this kind of connection, despite the fact that some masters do use it. If you choose a twist, all responsibility falls on you.
This option is chosen because of its simplicity. It is enough just to strip 10-20 mm of insulation and twist the wires with each other with pliers. So did our fathers and great-grandfathers. But such a connection is often unreliable, especially if an aluminum core is used.
Crimping copper wires in the section
Fairly reliable method for which the purchase of a connecting sleeve is required. You need to pick it up based on the diameter of the beam being connected. Depending on the wires that you connect, the material of the sleeve itself is chosen. For copper wires, the sleeve must be copper, for aluminum - aluminum. To make the connection reliable, the sleeve is compressed with a special tool called press-tongs. This technology is quite effective and is, along with other methods, in normative documents.
Crimp connection of aluminum wires
To connect in this way you need:
In this work, use of pliers is not recommended, since the connection will not be sufficiently reliable.It is much better to buy press tongs or borrow them from good neighbors.
Welding of wires
This method can be called the most reliable and safe, because the wires are connected by fusion and become one. Due to the fact that welding will not oxidize, over time, this contact will not weaken. But in order to carry out such work you will need skills in working with welding equipment.
In addition to skills, you must prepare:
Welding of copper with aluminum
After all the tools and materials are ready, it remains just do the welding that does not make much effort. The work can be divided into several steps:
This type of compound will last a long time. In some of the old Khrushchev such welding kept for 50 years and stably performed its function.
Soldering a twist with a soldering iron
The method is very similar to welding, only in this case the wires are connected with solder. For this work you will need a soldering iron. For work you will need:
The procedure is the same as for welding:
Welded wiring in the junction box with a soldering iron
Often, this method solder copper wires, but if If you buy a special solder for soldering aluminum, then you can also solder copper from aluminum.
Soldering is quite reliable, but not recommended in places where there may be strong heat. Moreover, under mechanical stress, the joint may weaken.
Connecting copper and aluminum wires
This method is quick, simple and effective. And most importantly, these clips can combine dissimilar metals. For example, if you need to connect aluminum and copper conductors, which in itself is known to be contraindicated. These clips are very simple and compact, and their value may surprise you.
To connect the wires with clamps, you need to perform only 2 steps:
The fused contacts of the terminal block
That's all, as you can see, everything is very simple and fast. It is only important to control the force with which you clamp. Tightening the screw too much can damage the wires. Especially you need to be careful when working with aluminum wires.
The only drawback of the screw connection is that when working with multi-core the cable must be pressed with a special nozzle to ensure normal contact and wire integrity.
This connection is quite reliable but cumbersome. For modern distribution boxes, it is not suitable because of its size, but for large boxes of the old model - just right. This method can combine both homogeneous and dissimilar metals. Work as follows:
It is this design that makes the contact cumbersome. If you need to connect several pairs of wires, then this option will not be the best.
This method can be called the most modern, popular and easy to use. All you need is to buy special terminals in the store. Inside these terminals there is a special paste that prevents metals from oxidizing. Due to this, various metals can be inserted into such compounds.
The job is as follows:
If your clips do not have levers, they need to be inserted before the terminal snaps into place.
Connecting the wires with a terminal block without levers
We looked at the most reliable methods that can be combined wires in junction box. This is a very important stage of the electrical work, since 70% of the errors during the work consist precisely in the wrong connection of the conductors. But if you, even without having experience of similar works, will use the methods that are described in this article, you can easily do everything according to the requirements of the standards. But which of these methods to choose depends on your capabilities and desires.
This video shows how the wires are connected in the junction box:
You will learn all about the wiring or crimping of the terminals provided in this video:
Circuit of the switch block and sockets
Junction box wiring diagram
Wiring diagram for theswitch
Connection of wires
Wiring diagram in the box